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Article
Publication date: 2 April 2021

Vanja Prevolšek, Andrej Ovca and Mojca Jevšnik

This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the compliance of hygienic and technical standards of street food vendors in Slovenia with the requirements of the general…

Abstract

Purpose

This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the compliance of hygienic and technical standards of street food vendors in Slovenia with the requirements of the general hygienic food principals set in the Codex Alimentarius and Regulation (EC) No. 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs.

Design/methodology/approach

Food vendors were observed directly and discretely using a semi-structured observation sheet that allowed fast evaluation. The employee's behaviour was not affected during the observations because they were not aware of being observed. Each observation lasted approximately 30 min. Food vendors were divided into groups according to their location, type of facility, number of employees and type of food sold.

Findings

Depending on the type of street vendor, more inconsistencies were found amongst food stands compared to food trucks and kiosks. Most food trucks and kiosks scored very high in both personal and hygienic-technical standards. Some of the major inconsistencies were lack of suitably located washbasins, improper hand-washing technique, improper waste management, working surfaces that were inadequately separated from consumers, and inconsistent maintenance of the cold chain. Food handlers have been confirmed as a critical risk factor.

Research limitations/implications

Despite methodology validation, the data was collected by a single observer, limiting the ability to obtain a more reliable estimate of the observations. The sample was disproportionate according to the type of street food facilities.

Practical implications

The results provide a basis for (1) national professional guidelines of good hygiene practices for food business operators, which should cover street food vendors more extensively in future updates, and (2) the development of food safety training programmes tailored for street vendors.

Originality/value

The study provides valuable insights into current hygienic-technical conditions of the street food vending sector.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 123 no. 13
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

Abstract

Details

The International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-4093

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 13 July 2020

The party succeeded in increasing its representation, provisionally winning 66 out of the 151 seats in parliament, despite its two terms in government. The result…

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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2020

Andrejs čirjevskis

This paper aims to operationalize and to test the ARCTIC (A – Advantage, R – Relatedness, C – Complexity of Competence, T – Time of Integration, I – Implementation Plan, C…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to operationalize and to test the ARCTIC (A – Advantage, R – Relatedness, C – Complexity of Competence, T – Time of Integration, I – Implementation Plan, C – Cultural Fit) framework to assess the prerequisites of competence-based synergy in the acquisition process. The current research provides new analyses of recent acquisitions in the global beauty industry where the ARCTIC framework was satisfied and where the ARCTIC model was NOT satisfied by decisive factors to get the acquisition's synergies. It allows readers to contrast two case studies and grasp how the framework works in greater detail.

Design/methodology/approach

The current research relies on an extensive archival search that included financial statements, annual reports, internal documents, industry publications and CEO statements to get at a micro-level understanding. This boosts research data and the operationalization of the ARCTIC framework.

Findings

The research identified four steps for investigating whether core competence transfer in an acquisition process would be a source of competence-based synergies. The incorporation of real options into the synergy valuation measures market value-added arising from M&A deals.

Originality/value

The current paper contributes to theoretical and practical issues of global M&As as part of the existing literature of international business and strategic management. The impact on reciprocal synergies of agency problems, external interaction between CEOs in M&A deals, corporate governance systems and an executive compensation theory are promising areas of future research.

Objetivo

El presente artículo pretende poner en práctica y a prueba el esquema ARCTIC a fin de evaluar los requisitos previos de la sinergia basada en las competencias en el proceso de adquisición. Este estudio ofrece nuevos análisis de las recientes adquisiciones acontecidas en el sector de la belleza a nivel mundial en las que se siguió el esquema ARCTIC y en las que NO se siguió por factores decisivos para conseguir las sinergias de la adquisición. Permite a los lectores contrastar dos casos prácticos y comprender con mayor detalle cómo funciona el esquema.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque del estudio

Para el estudio actual se ha llevado a cabo una amplia búsqueda de archivos entre los que se incluyen balances financieros, informes anuales, documentación interna, publicaciones del sector y declaraciones del director general para obtener una comprensión pormenorizada. De este modo, se potencian los datos de la investigación y la puesta en práctica del esquema ARCTIC.

Conclusiones

En el estudio se han identificado cuatro pasos que determinan si la transferencia de competencias básicas en un proceso de adquisición sería el origen de sinergias basadas en las competencias. La incorporación de opciones reales en la evaluación de las sinergias mide el valor añadido del mercado derivado de las operaciones de fusión y adquisición.

Originalidad/valor

Este artículo contribuye a los aspectos teóricos y prácticos de las fusiones y las adquisiciones mundiales como parte de la bibliografía existente sobre comercio internacional y gestión estratégica. El impacto de las sinergias recíprocas de problemas del agente-principal, las interacciones externas entre directores generales en acuerdos de fusiones y adquisiciones, los sistemas de gobernanza empresarial y una teoría de la compensación ejecutiva son campos prometedores para futuras investigaciones.

Details

Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1012-8255

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2017

Andrej Ovca, Mojca Jevšnik and Peter Raspor

The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into various food safety aspects of future professional food handlers, representing different professions in the food supply…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into various food safety aspects of future professional food handlers, representing different professions in the food supply chain (FSC), close to the end of their formal education.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 15 focus group discussions including 94 participants were conducted. A semi-structured approach was applied to discussions about the comprehension of food safety, the responsibility for food safety, the barriers hindering food safety practices, and the food safety influence of other people.

Findings

Differences related to the field of study and level of education were identified. The results demonstrate the diversity of interpretations of food safety with control of biological hazards strongly emphasized. The responsibility for food safety is perceived differently by position in the FSC. Different barriers related to the working environment and personal factors were identified. Parental influence on the target population is decreased as focus is shifted to the teachers of practical classes and especially to the instructors in food enterprises.

Research limitations/implications

Considering the response rate and the small number of schools offering a specific study programme not all the study fields and educational levels were equally represented.

Practical implications

The findings could assist educators, policy makers, and food business operators in their efforts to develop educational programmes that will more effectively contribute to the safety of food.

Originality/value

No research thus far has focussed on students being educated as future professional food handlers.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 119 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 17 October 2016

Croatia's new government.

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Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Andrej Ovca, Mojca Jevšnik and Peter Raspor

The purpose of this paper is to investigate future food handlers’ practices during practical lessons close to the end of their formal vocational education, and to record…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate future food handlers’ practices during practical lessons close to the end of their formal vocational education, and to record teachers’ behaviour and to evaluate classrooms that were intended for practical lessons.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 90 students between 17 and 19 years of age, 12 teachers, and 12 training classrooms intended for practical lessons, which were divided into six observation sessions in the field of catering and six observation sessions in the field of food processing (bakery, confectionery, and butchery), were observed.

Findings

Both proper and inappropriate food-handling practices were observed among teachers and students. Comparing the hygienic-technical conditions of the training classrooms with teachers’ and students’ behaviour revealed several interconnected situations increasing the risk of food contamination during the production process.

Research limitations/implications

Data were collected by one observer who was not part of the class. The sample size was small, limiting the generalisability of the results.

Practical implications

The results indicate the weaknesses in the formal vocational education of future professional food handlers.

Social implications

Good food safety practices among food handlers reduce societal costs related to health-care systems and food industry economic losses.

Originality/value

The study provides an insight into the education and training of future professional food handlers in a controlled environment in educational institutions.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 120 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

Anita Fekonja, Tjaša Zupancic Hartner and Andrej Cretnik

Digitalization and additive manufacturing now play an important role in the manufacturing of medical and dental products. The purpose of this paper is to present the…

Abstract

Purpose

Digitalization and additive manufacturing now play an important role in the manufacturing of medical and dental products. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of the treatment of skeletal Class II malocclusion in a growing patient using fixed sagittal guidance (FSG) appliance manufactured by digital and fast procedure by selective laser melting.

Design/methodology/Approach

This study present the case of a 14-year-old boy with a convex profile owing to a retrognathic mandible, an overjet (8 mm), a deep overbite (7 mm), a Class II canine, a molar relationship on both sides and an accentuated lower curve of Spee. The lateral cephalogram showed a skeletal Class II discrepancy with mandibular retrognathia, skeletal deep bite, reduced lower anterior facial height and proclined upper incisors. Treatment using FSG and fixed orthodontic appliance was performed within 15 months.

Findings

The final results show a well-balanced face and a nice profile. Protrusion of the maxillary anterior teeth was corrected, and a Class I molar relationship was achieved with proper overjet and overbite.

Research limitations/implications

The results from the proposed method are promising, although long-term results with a large group are not yet available.

Practical implications

Using an individually made FSG appliance from biocompatible material and an individualized treatment plan, an effective result in treating Class II malocclusion due to retrognathic mandible with favorable dentofacial effects has been achieved.

Originality/value

This is the first paper describing the use of additive manufacturing for orthodontic appliances in Slovenia.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Andrejs Tatulcenkovs, Andris Jakovics, Egbert Baake and Bernard Nacke

The purpose of this paper is to the study the multiphase bubbles flow motion in a vertical channel with an electroconducting liquid without and under the influence of a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to the study the multiphase bubbles flow motion in a vertical channel with an electroconducting liquid without and under the influence of a magnetic field.

Design/methodology/approach

For numerical calculations, the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is used, which is based on the kinetic theory for solving fluid mechanics and other physical problems. The phase-field lattice Boltzmann model is developed to simulate the behaviour of multiphase bubble–bubble interaction while rising in the fluid with high density ratios.

Findings

The behaviour of the rising bubble flow in a rectangular column of two phases is investigated with the two-dimensional LBM.

Originality/value

The multiphase flow in electroconducting liquids with high ratio of density is studied using the LBM.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 16 July 2018

The 105-91 vote ends a period of uncertainty since October 2017 elections. The Communist Party (KSCM) backed the new government after signing an agreement with Andrej

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