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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1986

Faouzi F. Rassi

L'industrie de la restauration connait dans son ensemble, au Québec, un certain nombre de difficultés. Les raisons sont diverses dont l'absence ou l'insuffisance d'une…

Abstract

L'industrie de la restauration connait dans son ensemble, au Québec, un certain nombre de difficultés. Les raisons sont diverses dont l'absence ou l'insuffisance d'une analyse de marché, la faiblesse de la conception, de la planification, de l'exécution et du contrôle des activités des entreprises de ce secteur. Mais il y a aussi et surtout le déséquilibre financier qui caractérise la majorité des restaurants que ce soit en raison d'une capitalisation insuffisante en début d'activité ou à cause d'une gestion loin d'être satisfaisante. Des facteurs institutionnels défavorisent aussi l'activité de la restauration au Québec depuis 1980, et parfois même avant cette période, auxquels s'ajoute une conjoncture très difficile en 1981–83 dont les conséquences continuent à se faire sentir jusqu'aujourd'hui. L'année 1985 a enregistré près de 2700 changements de propriétaires de restaurants au Québec tandis qu'approximativement 450 ont disparus pendant cette même année. L'ensemble des transferts de propriétés — dus à des difficultés financières et à des liquidations à bas prix dans la plupart des cas — et des liquidations et fermetures définitives de restaurants constituent près du quart du nombre total (soit 12'400) de restaurants opérant au Québec en 1985. Les pertes enregistrées par une évolution si défavorable sont substantielles et indiquent combien une partie non négligeable de l'industrie de la restauration gaspille des ressources. Il faudra établir, dans la mesure du possible, car les statistiques officielles sont fort limitées, les causes et les facteurs explicatifs des difficultés considérables vécues par les entreprises de la restauration. Il faudra ensuite tenter de dégager les grandes lignes des mesures susceptibles de redresser leur situation financière essentiellement par une amélioration de la gestion et par une réglementation et une législation fiscale plus adéquates. Plusieurs recommandations sont formulées afin de rétablir la rentabilité des restaurants dans un environnement très concurrentiel.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 41 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1971

Alberto Sessa

L'expression «politique touristique» est de plus en plus utilisée depuis ces dernières années par les gouvernements, les hommes politiques, les entrepreneurs économiques…

Abstract

L'expression «politique touristique» est de plus en plus utilisée depuis ces dernières années par les gouvernements, les hommes politiques, les entrepreneurs économiques et touristiques du monde entier qui souvent lui donnent une signification différente.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1985

R.A. Ellis

The direct comparison of similar polymers was achieved by a technique of differential GPC which, according to Runyon provided a simple yet sensitive technique that was…

Abstract

The direct comparison of similar polymers was achieved by a technique of differential GPC which, according to Runyon provided a simple yet sensitive technique that was relatively insensitive to operational variables. In this procedure the ‘standard’ polymer was dissolved in THF or an alternative suitable solvent, and the solution was used as the eluent in the GPC.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1984

James P. Neelankavil

Changing remuneration practices and methods are issues that advertising agencies are facing. Fixed commission of around 15 per cent was the traditional practice but fee or…

Abstract

Changing remuneration practices and methods are issues that advertising agencies are facing. Fixed commission of around 15 per cent was the traditional practice but fee or cost‐based methods are becoming more common. The article investigates the prevalent advertising agency remuneration patterns in various countries; the frequency of their use, the initiators of policy change (wherever it has occurred) including the role of governments, and finally, trends in agency compensation.

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Management Research News, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1973

R.A. Ellis

The analysis and characterisation of resinous binder materials used in paint formulation has been facilitated during the last decade by the availability of such…

Abstract

The analysis and characterisation of resinous binder materials used in paint formulation has been facilitated during the last decade by the availability of such instrumental techniques as infra‐red spectroscopy, gas‐liquid chromatography and, more recently, gel permeation chromatography (G.P.C). The first two techniques mentioned are eminently suitable for the analysis of resins according to their chemical nature. Most of the binder resins used in modern paints are polymers and, therefore, such parameters as molecular weight and degree of polymerisation are important in determining the suitability of a resin for a given application. The G.P.C. technique readily provides the necessary information about these polymer parameters.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1973

R.A. Ellis

Pedersen and Lyngaae‐Jorgensen have reported the fractionation of five P.V.C. samples by G.P.C., and have produced curves which fitted the data obtained independently by…

Abstract

Pedersen and Lyngaae‐Jorgensen have reported the fractionation of five P.V.C. samples by G.P.C., and have produced curves which fitted the data obtained independently by osmometry and light scattering. These authors used G.P.C. to monitor the fractionation of P.V.C. samples. In one experiment P.V.C. samples were extracted with a range of solvents and, in another case, the acetone extract was dissolved in T.H.F. and fractionated by precipitation using methanol. The G.P.C. analyses were achieved using four columns (3 by 104, 104, 3 by 103 and 1·5 by 103nm porosities) at room temperature with a solvent flow rate of 1ml per minute and a sample concentration of 4·5mg per ml.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Book part
Publication date: 30 September 2020

Katherine Eva Maich

Laws geared toward regulating the employment relationship cling to traditional definitions of workplaces, neglecting the domain of the home and those who work there…

Abstract

Laws geared toward regulating the employment relationship cling to traditional definitions of workplaces, neglecting the domain of the home and those who work there. Domestic workers, a population of largely immigrant women of color, have performed labor inside of New York City's homes for centuries and yet have consistently been denied coverage under labor law protections at both the state and federal level. This article traces out the exclusions of domestic workers historically and then turn to a particular piece of legislation – the 2010 New York Domestic Worker Bill of Rights – which was the first law of its kind to regulate the household as a site of labor, therefore disrupting that long-standing pattern. However, the law falls short in granting basic worker protections to this particular group. Drawing from 52 in-depth interviews and analysis of legislative documents, The author argues that the problematics of the law can be understood by recognizing its embeddedness, or rather the broader political, legal, historical, and social ecology within which the law is embedded, which inhibited in a number of important ways the law's ability to work. This article shows how this plays out through the law obscuring the specificity of where this labor is performed – the home – as well as the demographic makeup of the immigrant women of color – the whom – performing it. Using the case study of domestic workers' recent inclusion into labor law coverage, this article urges a closer scrutiny of and attention to the changing nature of inequality, race, and gender present in employment relationships within the private household as well as found more generally throughout the low-wage sector.

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Rethinking Class and Social Difference
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83982-020-5

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1908

So far as the law is concerned, the Medical Officer of Health has only the slenderest connection with the execution of the Adulteration Acts. He is simply a person who…

Abstract

So far as the law is concerned, the Medical Officer of Health has only the slenderest connection with the execution of the Adulteration Acts. He is simply a person who may, in common with the Sanitary Inspector and the police constable, purchase samples under the Acts and submit them to the Public Analyst. Having done this, he is entitled to receive a certificate of analysis just like any other purchaser who may submit a sample under the provisions of the Acts, and there the matter ends.

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British Food Journal, vol. 10 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1981

Jean‐Maurice Thurot

1. Cela fera bientôt un siècle que la sociologie du loisir a commencé à développer une analyse “interne” de ce phénomène, c'est‐à‐dire relative aux comportements existant…

Abstract

1. Cela fera bientôt un siècle que la sociologie du loisir a commencé à développer une analyse “interne” de ce phénomène, c'est‐à‐dire relative aux comportements existant à l'intérieur de la société consommatrice de loisir: VEBLEN a crée un genre où depuis, beaucoup de sociologues se sont essayés avec des bonheurs divers. Ainsi, assez ré‐cemment, un certain McCANNELL non dé‐pourvu de talent, n'a pas hésité à intituler modestement sa contribution “A new theory of leisure class”.

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The Tourist Review, vol. 36 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1984

Robert G. Lanquar

Les mutations importantes observées depuis une quinzaine d'années dans tous les domaines de la vie se reflètent dans le tourisme, ses services et ses produits. De…

Abstract

Les mutations importantes observées depuis une quinzaine d'années dans tous les domaines de la vie se reflètent dans le tourisme, ses services et ses produits. De nouvelles formes de vacances, de voyages et de loisirs émergent et prennent le pas sur les types les plus classiques. Face à cette montée de nouvelles conceptions, dont le tourisme alternatif est devenu le symbole le plus évident, se font entendre ceux qui estiment qu'il ne faut plus considérer le patrimoine de manière élitiste, qu'il existe de nouvelles formes de patrimoine à protéger, mettre en valeur et montrer aux touristes et aux populations.

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 39 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

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