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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2000

Amy Sue Bix

Within the context of America’s Depression, the Women’s Bureau of the US Department of Labor produced a unique film, Behind the Scenes in the Machine Age. The movie…

Abstract

Within the context of America’s Depression, the Women’s Bureau of the US Department of Labor produced a unique film, Behind the Scenes in the Machine Age. The movie emphasized the seriousness of economic crisis, but promised that by eliminating “waste”, America could return to solid ground. The concept of “waste” allowed the Bureau to link scientific management to a broader message preaching workplace safety, endorsing government expertise and economic planning, and underlining women’s role in modern industrial production. The organization tailored its philosophy of scientific management to a popular audience, while highlighting woman‐centered aspects of economic life.

Details

Journal of Management History, vol. 6 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-252X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 20 February 2007

Daiga Kamerāsde

The paper aims to critically review four recently published books, each of which aims to explain the disproportionate representation of men and women in science careers…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to critically review four recently published books, each of which aims to explain the disproportionate representation of men and women in science careers, and to understand gender differences in achievements and productivity.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a thematic book review and conceptual analysis and development.

Findings

The review shows that in order to reduce and eliminate gender inequality in science careers, it is naïve to assume that changing women's attitudes alone will solve the problem. This position in‐itself indicates the unspoken presumption that the male model of work is the norm to which women must adapt.

Originality/value

The review shows there is a need for policy actions and initiatives that eliminate the structural barriers in SET career trajectories which currently favour the working preferences of male scientists.

Details

Equal Opportunities International, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

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Article
Publication date: 23 February 2010

Jacques Richardson

This paper aims to recall, with specific developments in international relations, how the major powers failed to avoid prolonged political conflict that teetered for a

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to recall, with specific developments in international relations, how the major powers failed to avoid prolonged political conflict that teetered for a half‐century on the brink of war.

Design/methodology/approach

Evocation of developments tending to confirm reciprocal hostility instead of cooperation between partners in international enterprise.

Findings

Foresight and determination, often translatable into expression of trust, may ensure the success of an undertaking. The Cold War, with its political as well as psychological origins, was not such a case.

Research limitations/implications

The period's history, now already detailed, remains incomplete. This paper is an effort to supplement other reconstructions.

Originality/value

Planners, strategists and designers may profit from the material reviewed to avoid hostile interpretation by partners in future efforts of combined initiative.

Details

Foresight, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

Keywords

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