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Article
Publication date: 4 March 2019

Sepehr Ghazinoory, Ammar Ali Ali, AliReza Hassanzadeh and Mehdi Majidpour

Because of importance of technological learning for less developed countries, the notion has received increasing attention of scholars. The purpose of this paper is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Because of importance of technological learning for less developed countries, the notion has received increasing attention of scholars. The purpose of this paper is to investigate technological learning systematically by assessing the effect of technology transfer actors on technological learning in less developed countries context.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents assessment model by adopting technological learning concept based on technology absorption and incremental innovation at firm level and identifying key roles of technology transfer actors (State – Scientific and technological infrastructure – Industry) that affect technological learning. The paper follows survey as research methodology. Thus, a questionnaire was addressed to 33 Syrian textile factories to examine the assessment model. Simple linear, multiple linear and ordinal regression analyses are preformed to examine relationships of model components.

Findings

The regression models show notable ability of technology transfer actors to explain technological behavior of firms to accumulate operative capability and consequently to generate passive incremental innovation. The findings indicate passive technical change system of Syrian textile industry. Therefore, goal-oriented evaluation of actual technology policy is preliminary step for achieving improvements, as well as activating scientific and technological infrastructure role by enabling strong relationships with industry and supporting interactions of domestic firms of textile industry and with foreign players.

Originality/value

The paper enriches technological learning literature by proposing systematic approach that sets the nature of technical change process of less developed countries in core of analysis. Moreover, it provides a guide for technological learning practices at firm level and for policymakers based on assessing actual status of Syrian textile industry.

Details

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4620

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Article
Publication date: 12 August 2019

Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Ammar Salehi-Sahlabadi, Seyed Mohammad Mousavi, Somaye Fatahi, Ehsan Ghaedi, Ali Nazari, Maryam Seyfishahpar and Jamal Rahmani

The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published randomized controlled trials with the aim to determine and quantify the anti-hyperglycemic…

Abstract

Purpose

The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published randomized controlled trials with the aim to determine and quantify the anti-hyperglycemic effects of glutamine (Gln) in acute and chronic clinical settings.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted a comprehensive search of all randomized clinical trials performed up to December 2018, to identify those investigating the impact of Gln supplementation on fasting blood sugar (FBS), insulin levels and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) via ISI Web of Science, Cochrane library PubMed and SCOPUS databases. A meta-analysis of eligible studies was conducted using random effects model to estimate the pooled effect size. Fractional polynomial modeling was used to explore the dose–response relationships between Gln supplementation and diabetic indices.

Findings

The results of the present meta-analysis suggest that of Gln supplementation had a significant effect on FBS (weighted mean difference (WMD): –2.868 mg/dl, 95 per cent CI: –5.467, –0.269, p = 0.031). However, the authors failed to observe that Gln supplementation affected insulin levels (WMD: 1.06 units, 95 per cent CI: –1.13, 3.26, p = 0.34) and HOMA-IR (WMD: 0.001 units, 95 per cent CI: –2.031, 2.029, p = 0.999). Subgroup analyses showed that the highest decrease in FBS levels was observed when the duration of intervention was less than two weeks (WMD: –4.064 mg/dl, 95 per cent CI: –7.428, –0.700, p = 0.01) and when Gln was applied via infusion (WMD: –5.334 mg/dl, 95 per cent CI: –10.48, 0.17, p = 0.04).

Originality/value

The results from this meta-analysis show that Gln supplementation did not have a significant effect on insulin levels and HOMA-IR. However, it did significantly reduce the levels of FBS, obtaining a higher effect when the duration of the intervention period was less than two weeks.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science , vol. 50 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 16 September 2019

Ammar Abdulameer Ali Zwain

This study aims to expand the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) by exploring the effect of two new predictors: technological innovativeness and…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to expand the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) by exploring the effect of two new predictors: technological innovativeness and information quality, along with the learning value and the original determinants that influence faculty and students’ acceptance of the Moodle-Learning Management System. The modified model includes nine predictors: performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions, learning value, hedonic motivation, habit, technological innovativeness and information quality.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based on a cross-sectional survey design. The target population was faculty and students of the University of Kufa in Iraq. An online questionnaire was used to collect 228 responses from faculty and 553 from students.

Findings

Results of the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis revealed that factors which influence faculty acceptance were social influence, facilitating conditions, hedonic motivation, habit, technological innovativeness and information quality, while factors which influence student acceptance were performance expectancy, facilitating conditions, learning value, hedonic motivation, habit, technological innovativeness and information quality.

Originality/value

The theoretical and practical contribution of the present study lies in the expansion of the UTAUT2 model through adding neoteric predictors, which are technological innovativeness and information quality. This study provides insights and further understanding of the effect of predictors (original and additive) on users’ acceptance of e-learning management system. In addition, the findings of the current study enable decision-makers and those interested in developing Moodle-LMS to obtain in-depth information on these indicators, especially in the Iraqi higher education environment.

Details

Interactive Technology and Smart Education, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-5659

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Article
Publication date: 13 March 2017

Ammar Abdulameer Ali Zwain, Kong Teong Lim and Siti Norezam Othman

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the associations between total quality management (TQM) core elements, knowledge management (KM) processes, and educational…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the associations between total quality management (TQM) core elements, knowledge management (KM) processes, and educational organization outcome with respect to academic performance (AP).

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based on a cross-sectional survey design. The survey was conducted on 87 colleges in Iraqi higher-education institutions (HEIs). Four main hypotheses were developed and tested statistically by applying multivariate data analyses.

Findings

The results provided evidence that both TQM core elements and KM processes should be implemented holistically. TQM core elements have a positive and significant impact on both KM processes and AP. Moreover, KM processes partially mediate the association between TQM core elements and AP.

Originality/value

Empirical research on the association between TQM, KM, and performance is very limited. This study provides insights and further understanding of the effect of TQM core elements on KM processes and AP, and therefore, allows decision makers to get in-depth knowledge about these associations and the mediating effect of KM in HEIs context.

Details

The TQM Journal, vol. 29 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2731

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 16 July 2020

Muhammad Usman, Muhammad Abubakkar Siddique, Muhammad Abdul Majid Makki, Ammar Ali Gull, Ali Dardour and Junming Yin

In this paper, the authors investigate whether an independent and gender-diverse compensation committee strengthens the relationship between top managers' pay and firm…

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, the authors investigate whether an independent and gender-diverse compensation committee strengthens the relationship between top managers' pay and firm performance in Chinese companies. The authors also investigate whether the independent compensation committee composed of all male directors is effective in designing the optimal contract for executives.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use data from A-share listed companies on the Shenzhen and Shanghai stock exchanges from 2005 to 2015. As a baseline methodology, the authors use pooled ordinary least square (OLS) regression to draw inferences. In addition, cluster OLS regression, two-stage least square regression, the two-stage Heckman test and the propensity score matching method are also used to control for endogeneity issues.

Findings

The authors find evidence that an independent or gender-diverse compensation committee strengthens the link between top managers' pay and firm performance; that the presence of a woman on the compensation committee enhances the positive influence of committee independence on this relationship; that a compensation committee's independence or gender diversity is more effective in designing top managers' compensation in legal-person-controlled firms than they are in state-controlled firms; that gender diversity on the compensation committee is negatively associated with top managers' total pay; and that an independent compensation committee pays top managers more.

Practical implications

The study results highlight the role of an independent compensation committee in designing optimal contracts for top managers. The authors provide empirical evidence that a woman on the compensation committee strengthens its objectivity in determining top managers' compensation. The study finding supports regulatory bodies' recommendations regarding independent and women directors.

Social implications

The study findings contribute to the recent debate about gender equality around the globe. Given the discrimination against women, many regulatory bodies mandate a quota for women on corporate boards. The study findings support the regulatory bodies' recommendations by highlighting the economic benefit of having women in top management positions.

Originality/value

This study contributes to literature by investigating the largely overlooked questions of whether having a gender-diverse or independent compensation committee strengthens the relationship between top managers' pay and firm performance; whether an independent compensation committee is more efficient in setting executives' pay when it is gender-diverse; and whether the effect of independent directors and female directors on top managers' compensation varies based on the firm's ownership structure. Overall, the main contribution of the study is that the authors provide robust empirical evidence in support of the managerial power axiom.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

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Article
Publication date: 4 May 2012

Yoram Danziger

This article seeks to examine approaches to combating the “scourge of international terrorism” by targeting the financial resources of terrorist organizations and their supporters.

Abstract

Purpose

This article seeks to examine approaches to combating the “scourge of international terrorism” by targeting the financial resources of terrorist organizations and their supporters.

Design/methodology/approach

The article begins with the disputed issue of how to define a “terrorist”, “terrorism”, “terrorist organizations” and “acts of terrorism”. In a global financial system, differences between the definitions of those terms could have significant implications because terrorists have the means and will to operate their financing infrastructure from the least effectively regulated jurisdictions. There are many methods by which terrorists finance both their organizations and specific attacks. By concentrating on three examples of recent terrorist activity, namely the 9/11 attacks in New York, the 7/7 bombings in London, and the transfer of funds from the “Union of Good” to Hamas to fund terrorist attacks in Israel by means of a certain charitable association, the article illustrates the problems facing legal regimes seeking to limit terrorist funding.

Findings

The article notes a broad convergence in the methods of those jurisdictions when combating the financing of terrorism.

Originality/value

The paper provides a discussion of financial resources of terrorism from a legal professional in an area where terrorism is a real danger.

Details

Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

Keywords

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Abstract

Details

Organizational Behavior Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-678-5

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Article
Publication date: 8 April 2019

Ali Daher, Amine Ammar and Abbas Hijazi

The purpose of this paper is to develop a numerical model for the simulation of the dynamics of nanoparticles (NPs) at liquid–liquid interfaces. Two cases have been…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a numerical model for the simulation of the dynamics of nanoparticles (NPs) at liquid–liquid interfaces. Two cases have been studied, NPs smaller than the interfacial thickness, and NPs greater than the interfacial thickness.

Design/methodology/approach

The model is based on the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in addition to phase field (PF) method, through which the discrete model of particles motion is superimposed on the continuum model of fluids which is a new ide a in numerical modeling. The liquid–liquid interface is modeled using the diffuse interface model.

Findings

For NPs smaller than the interfacial thickness, the results obtained show that the concentration gradient of one fluid in the other gives rise to a hydrodynamic drag force that drives the NPs to agglomerate at the interface. Whereas, for spherical NPs greater than the interfacial thickness, the results show that such NPs oscillate at the interface which agrees with some experimental studies.

Practical implications

The results are important in the field of numerical modeling, especially that the model is general and can be used to study different systems. This will be of great interest in the field of studying the behavior of NPs inside fluids and near interfaces, which enters in many industrial applications.

Originality/value

The idea of superimposing the molecular dynamic method on the PF method is a new idea in numerical modeling.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 November 2020

Ameer Alhasan, Lukman Audah, Ishaq Ibrahim, Ammar Al-Sharaa, Ali Saadon Al-Ogaili and Jabiry M. Mohammed

Several countries have been using internet of things (IoT) devices in the healthcare sector to combat COVID-19. Therefore, this study aims to examine the doctors…

Abstract

Purpose

Several countries have been using internet of things (IoT) devices in the healthcare sector to combat COVID-19. Therefore, this study aims to examine the doctors’ intentions to use IoT healthcare devices in Iraq during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Design/methodology/approach

This study proposed a model based on the integration of the innovation diffusion theory (IDT). This included compatibility, trialability and image and a set of exogenous factors such as computer self-efficacy, privacy and cost into the technology acceptance model comprising perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, attitude and behavioral intention to use.

Findings

The findings revealed that compatibility and image of the IDT factors, have a significant impact on the perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and behavioral intention, but trialability has a significant impact on perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and insignificant impact on behavioral intention. Additionally, external factors such as privacy and cost significantly impacted doctors’ behavioral intention to use. Moreover, doctors’ computer self-efficacy significantly influenced the perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and behavioral intention to use. Furthermore, perceived ease of use has a significant impact on perceived usefulness and attitude, perceived usefulness has a significant impact on attitude, which, in turn, significantly impacting doctors' behavior toward an intention to use.

Research limitations/implications

The limitations of the present study are the retractions of the number of participants and the lack of qualitative methods.

Originality/value

The finding of this study could benefit researchers, doctors and policymakers in the adaption of IoT technologies in the health sectors, especially in developing counties.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2020

Ammar Mohamed Aamer, Mohammed Ali Al-Awlaqi and Nabeel Mandahawi

While ISO 9001 standard certification is approaching saturation in developed countries, other nations are still struggling with the implementation of ISO 9001. This study…

Abstract

Purpose

While ISO 9001 standard certification is approaching saturation in developed countries, other nations are still struggling with the implementation of ISO 9001. This study provides insights into countries with a very low number of registered certifications to understand the reasons behind the limited implementations, more particularly using evidence from Yemen. The objective of the study is to assess: the awareness, understanding, motivations, barriers and the benefits of implementing ISO 9001.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey was conducted to measure awareness levels, understanding, driving factors, barriers and the benefits of ISO 9001. Data collection was carried out through the classification of targeted firms into two separate categories, certified and noncertified organizations. The classification of firms was conducted to enrich the understanding from two different perspectives. A total of 72 responses, from companies ranging in size from large to small, and in both the private and public sectors, were analyzed using the descriptive and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA).

Findings

The data analysis showed that the limited implementation of ISO 9001 certifications could be due to several internal and external factors such as the relatively low awareness level of the certification and guidelines, and the inconsistency of understanding the certification purpose. The benefits focused solely on improving the quality of systems efficiency and increasing quality awareness, and not on internationalization.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this work provide the groundwork for decision-makers to understand the drivers and challenges of ISO 9001 to plan corrective actions and contribute to promote and increase the number of certified organizations in similar countries and economies. While the data in this study were collected in the context of one country, the methodology and framework used in this study can be utilized by other researchers to collect data in similar countries with a low number of ISO 9001 certifications.

Originality/value

This research is one of the very few that addresses the limited implementation of ISO 9001 in the Middle East and North Africa region and Yemen in particular.

Details

The TQM Journal, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2731

Keywords

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