Search results

1 – 4 of 4
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 6 August 2018

Amir Hossein Niknamfar, Seyed Armin Akhavan Niaki and Marziyeh karimi

The purpose of this study is to develop a novel and practical series-parallel inventory-redundancy allocation system in a green supply chain including a single…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to develop a novel and practical series-parallel inventory-redundancy allocation system in a green supply chain including a single manufacturer and multiple retailers operating in several positions without any conflict of interests. The manufacturer first produces multi-product and then dispatches them to the retailers at different wholesale prices based on a common replenishment cycle policy. In contrast, the retailers sell the purchased products to customers at different retail prices. In this way, the manufacturer encounters a redundancy allocation problem (RAP), in which the solution subsequently enhances system production reliability. Furthermore, to emphasize on global warming and human health concerns, this paper pays attention both the tax cost of industrial greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of all produced products and the limitation for total GHG emissions.

Design/methodology/approach

The manufacturer intends not only to maximize the total net profit but also to minimize the mean time to failure of his production system using a RAP. To achieve these objectives, the max-min approach associated with the solution method known as the interior point method is utilized to maximize the minimum (the worst) value of the objective functions. Finally, numerical experiments are presented to further demonstrate the applicability of the proposed methodology. Sensitivity analysis on the green supply chain approach is also performed to obtain more insight.

Findings

The computational results showed that increasing the number of products and retailers might lead into a substantial increase in the total net profit. This indicated that the manufacturer would feel adding a new retailer to the green supply chain strongly. Moreover, an increase in the number of machines provides significant improvement in the reliability of the production system. Furthermore, the results of the performed sensitivity analysis on the green approach indicated that increasing the number of machines has a substantial impact on both the total net profit and the total tax cost. In addition, not only the proposed green supply chain was more efficient than the supply chain without green but also the proposed green supply chain was very sensitive to the tax cost of GHG emission rather than the number of machines.

Originality/value

In summary, the motivations are as follows: the development of a bi-objective series-parallel inventory-RAP in a green supply chain; proposing a hybrid inventory-RAP; and considering the interior point solution method. The novel method comes from both theoretical and experimental techniques. The paper also has industrial applications. The advantage of using the proposed approach is to generate additional opportunities and cost effectiveness for businesses and companies that operate utilizing the green supply chain under an inventory model.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 September 2019

Behzad Karimi, Mahsa Ghare Hassanlu and Amir Hossein Niknamfar

The motivation behind this research refers to the significant role of integration of production-distribution plans in effective performance of supply chain networks under…

Abstract

Purpose

The motivation behind this research refers to the significant role of integration of production-distribution plans in effective performance of supply chain networks under fierce competition of today’s global marketplace. In this regard, this paper aims to deal with an integrated production-distribution planning problem in deterministic, multi-product and multi-echelon supply chain network. The bi-objective mixed-integer linear programming model is constructed to minimize not only the total transportation costs but also the total delivery time of supply chain, subject to satisfying retailer demands and capacity constraints where quantity discount on transportation costs, fixed cost associated with transportation vehicles usage and routing decisions have been included in the model.

Design/methodology/approach

As the proposed mathematical model is NP-hard and that finding an optimum solution in polynomial time is not reasonable, two multi-objective meta-heuristic algorithms, namely, non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGAII) and multi-objective imperialist competitive algorithm (MOICA) are designed to obtain near optimal solutions for real-sized problems in reasonable computational times. The Taguchi method is then used to adjust the parameters of the developed algorithms. Finally, the applicability of the proposed model and the performance of the solution methodologies in comparison with each other are demonstrated for a set of randomly generated problem instances.

Findings

The practicality and applicability of the proposed model and the efficiency and efficacy of the developed solution methodologies were illustrated through a set of randomly generated real-sized problem instances. Result. In terms of two measures, the objective function value and the computational time were required to get solutions.

Originality/value

The main contribution of the present work was addressing an integrated production-distribution planning problem in a broader view, by proposing a closer to reality mathematical formulation which considers some real-world constraints simultaneously and accompanied by efficient multi-objective meta-heuristic algorithms to provide effective solutions for practical problem sizes.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 28 February 2019

Behzad Karimi, Amir Hossein Niknamfar, Babak Hassan Gavyar, Majid Barzegar and Ali Mohtashami

Today’s, supply chain production and distribution of products to improve the customer satisfaction in the shortest possible time by paying the minimum cost, has become the…

Abstract

Purpose

Today’s, supply chain production and distribution of products to improve the customer satisfaction in the shortest possible time by paying the minimum cost, has become the most important challenge in global market. On the other hand, minimizing the total cost of the transportation and distribution is one of the critical items for companies. To handle this challenge, this paper aims to present a multi-objective multi-facility model of green closed-loop supply chain (GCLSC) under uncertain environment. In this model, the proposed GCLSC considers three classes in case of the leading chain and three classes in terms of the recursive chain. The objectives are to maximize the total profit of the GCLSC, satisfaction of demand, the satisfactions of the customers and getting to the proper cost of the consumers, distribution centers and recursive centers.

Design/methodology/approach

Then, this model is designed by considering several products under several periods regarding the recovery possibility of products. Finally, to evaluate the proposed model, several numerical examples are randomly designed and then solved using non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm and non-dominated ranking genetic algorithm. Then, they are ranked by TOPSIS along with analytical hierarchy process so-called analytic hierarchy process-technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (AHP-TOPSIS).

Findings

The results indicated that non-dominated ranked genetic algorithm (NRGA) algorithm outperforms non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) algorithm in terms of computation times. However, in other metrics, any significant difference was not seen. At the end, to rank the algorithms, a multi-criterion decision technique was used. The obtained results of this method indicated that NSGA-II had better performance than ones obtained by NRGA.

Originality/value

This study is motivated by the need of integrating the leading supply chain and retrogressive supply chain. In short, the highlights of the differences of this research with the mentioned studies are as follows: developing multi-objective multi-facility model of fuzzy GCLSC under uncertain environment and integrating the leading supply chain and retrogressive supply chain.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 13 July 2015

Amir Hossein Niknamfar

The production-distribution (P-D) problems are two critical problems in many industries, in particular, in manufacturing systems and the supply chain management. In…

Abstract

Purpose

The production-distribution (P-D) problems are two critical problems in many industries, in particular, in manufacturing systems and the supply chain management. In previous researches on P-D planning, the demands of the retailers and their inventory levels have less been controlled. This may lead into huge challenges for a P-D plan such as the bullwhip effects. Therefore, to remove this challenge, the purpose of this paper is to integrate a P-D planning and the vendor-managed inventory (VMI) as a strong strategy to manage the bullwhip effects in supply chains. The proposed P-D-VMI aims to minimize the total cost of the manufacturer, the total cost of the retailers, and the total distribution time simultaneously.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents a multi-objective non-linear model for a P-D planning in a three-level supply chain including several external suppliers at the first level, a single manufacturer at the second level, and multi-retailer at the third level. A non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm and a non-dominated ranking genetic algorithm are designed and tuned to solve the proposed problem. Then, their performances are statistically analyzed and ranked by the TOPSIS method.

Findings

The applicability of the proposed model and solution methodologies are demonstrated under several problems. A sensitivity analysis indicates the market scale and demand elasticity have a substantial impact on the total cost of the manufacturer in the proposed P-D-VMI.

Originality/value

Although the P-D planning is a popular approach, there has been little discussion about the P-D planning based on VMI so far. The novelty comes from developing a practical and new approach that integrates the P-D planning and VMI.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 115 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

1 – 4 of 4