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Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing, Health and Aged Care
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-808-7

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Publication date: 10 November 2006

Amedeo Spadaro

In this paper, I support the usefulness of using microsimulation models for the normative analysis of real redistribution system. Drawing from three recent works…

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In this paper, I support the usefulness of using microsimulation models for the normative analysis of real redistribution system. Drawing from three recent works (Bourguignon & Spadaro, 2000, 2005; Oliver & Spadaro, 2004), I propose an application consisting in analyzing how social preferences on inequality have changed since the introduction of the 1999 reforms to the Spanish personal income tax (PIT). The starting point is the observed distribution of a population's gross and disposable incomes and the observed marginal tax rates as computed in standard microsimulation models. I show that, using a set of simplifying assumptions, it is possible to identify the social welfare function that would make the observed marginal tax rate schedule optimal. I apply this methodology to the 1998 and 1999 Spanish PIT, using the Eurostat (ECHP) dataset on the income and socio-demographic characteristics of Spanish households.

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Micro-Simulation in Action
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-442-3

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Book part
Publication date: 6 July 2007

Kristian Orsini and Amedeo Spadaro

Individual strategic weight plays an important role in the intra-household allocation of resources; however, empirical studies invariably find such weight difficult to…

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Individual strategic weight plays an important role in the intra-household allocation of resources; however, empirical studies invariably find such weight difficult to define in a plausible and computable way, given the available data. This paper proposes a framework for the calculation of household members’ strategic weight that can be easily computed using a microsimulation model. The index proposed for each member as the share of resources the household would lose should he or she abandon it. The causes of strategic weight differentials are analysed in four EU countries with significantly different employment structure and tax-benefit systems (Finland, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom), using EUROMOD, an integrated EU-15 microsimulation model.

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Equity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1450-8

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Book part
Publication date: 10 November 2006

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Micro-Simulation in Action
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-442-3

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 6 July 2007

Abstract

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Equity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1450-8

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Book part
Publication date: 23 May 2007

John A. Bishop and Yoram Amiel

This volume is the outgrowth of the first meeting of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality (ECINEQ). The Society's aims are to “provide an international forum…

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This volume is the outgrowth of the first meeting of the Society for the Study of Economic Inequality (ECINEQ). The Society's aims are to “provide an international forum for all researchers interested in the study of economic inequality and related fields, bringing together the diversity of perspectives.”

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Inequality and Poverty
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1374-7

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Book part
Publication date: 6 July 2007

Peter J. Lambert

For equity, societies may wish to eliminate certain forms or manifestations of inequality. Horizontal equity and vertical equity in the income tax are topics which have…

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For equity, societies may wish to eliminate certain forms or manifestations of inequality. Horizontal equity and vertical equity in the income tax are topics which have interested me for some years. Although any shortfall from each of these objectives can be measured in terms of unwanted inequalities, equity per se is a different concept from equality. Equity relates to fairness, justice and other societal norms which give expression to the best aspirations of our collective social conscience. For example, equal access to health care for those in equal need is an accepted norm for horizontal equity in the health field. Vertical equity in this context means treating appropriately differently those who have different needs. When offered the opportunity to be Guest Editor of this volume of Research on Economic Inequality, I decided to define the focus simply as “equity”, without placing any further restriction on topics. The papers which were ultimately included in this volume are the ones, from among those offered, which survived a rigorous refereeing process. Each has its own “take” on the concept of equity, and its link with equality. I hope that you, the reader, will gain from reading all of these contributions and pondering their significance.

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Equity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-7623-1450-8

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Book part
Publication date: 10 November 2006

Olivier Bargain

This volume initiates a new collaboration between Research in Labor Economics (RLE) published by Elsevier Press and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Beginning…

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This volume initiates a new collaboration between Research in Labor Economics (RLE) published by Elsevier Press and the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Beginning 2006, the RLE series extends to two volumes per year. One volume will remain in the tradition of the series, consisting of empirical and theoretical contributions in labor economics, while the other volume will focus on specific policy questions. IZA has become one of the largest organizations of labor scholars worldwide while RLE is now a well-established publication containing labor economics research. We hope this new association will be a meaningful development for both IZA fellows and RLE readers.

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Micro-Simulation in Action
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-442-3

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Book part
Publication date: 28 February 2007

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Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing, Health and Aged Care
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-808-7

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