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Article
Publication date: 14 March 2016

Salma Ahmed, Simon Feeny and Alberto Posso

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the principal determinants of women’s employment in the manufacturing sector of Bangladesh using a firm-level panel data from…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the principal determinants of women’s employment in the manufacturing sector of Bangladesh using a firm-level panel data from the World Bank’s “Enterprise Survey” for the years 2007, 2011 and 2013. The paper sheds light on the demand-side factors, mainly firm-level characteristics, which also influence this decision.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors estimate a fractional logit model to model a dependent variable that is limited by zero from below and one from above.

Findings

The results indicate that firm size, whether medium or large, and firms’ export-oriented activities, have an important impact on women’s employment in the manufacturing sector in Bangladesh. Moreover, the authors find that women are significantly more likely to work in unskilled-labour-intensive industries within the manufacturing sector.

Research limitations/implications

The research is limited to Bangladesh; however, much of the evidence presented here has implications that are relevant to policymakers in other developing countries.

Practical implications

The study identifies factors that affect female employment, that is, where the main constraints to increase female labour force participation. The study focuses on the demand-side factors, which has been somewhat neglected in recent years. As such, it has practical policy implications.

Social implications

Focusing on female employment in Bangladesh also sheds light on the nexus between labour market opportunities and social change within a country that is characterised by extreme patriarchy, which has wide-reaching implications.

Originality/value

This is an original and comprehensive paper by the authors.

Details

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-7149

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 October 2013

George Tawadros

– The purpose of this paper is to analyse the cyclical relationship between the demand for crude oil and real output for the OECD.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the cyclical relationship between the demand for crude oil and real output for the OECD.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper employs Harvey's structural time series model to analyse the contemporaneous and non-contemporaneous cyclical co-movement of the demand for crude oil with real output, using quarterly observations for the period 1984:1-2010:4.

Findings

The empirical evidence suggests that a strong and positive cyclical relationship between the two variables exists, with the demand for crude oil being procyclically contemporaneous.

Practical implications

The implication of this finding suggests that consuming countries cannot stockpile oil reserves to guard against the cyclical nature of demand, while producing countries face weak and bearish oil markets during economic recessions, because oil consuming countries cannot smooth out their demand for oil on an intertemporal basis.

Originality/value

The paper provides further evidence supporting the procyclically contemporaneous relationship between the demand for crude oil and real output for the OECD.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 40 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1951

Professore Angelo Mariotti

Nel riprendere come Libero Docente le mie lezioni presso la Facoltà di Giurisprudenza dopo un lungo intervallo di anni in cui il Corso è stato impartito per Incarico, cio…

Abstract

Nel riprendere come Libero Docente le mie lezioni presso la Facoltà di Giurisprudenza dopo un lungo intervallo di anni in cui il Corso è stato impartito per Incarico, cioè a titolo ufficiale, prima nella facoltà di Scienze Politiche e poi in quella di Economia e Commercie, ritengo opportuno accennare alle vicende di questo insegnamento che ha segnato in certo modo il punto di partenza ed insieme il banco di prova del primo tentativo di sistematica scientifica della trattazione del turismo dal punto di vista economico e statistico. E mancherei ad un preciso dovere e ad un impulso spontaneo del mio animo se in questa occasione non rivolgessi un memore e devoto pensiero al mio grande ed indimenticabile maestro, Augusto Graziani, che seppe inculcarmi la passione per gli studi di economia politica: debbo anzi a lui anche lo specifico orientamento verso l'indagine turistica, perchè il primo tema che egli mi propose nelle esercitazioni di seminario degli Istituti Giuridici dell'Università di Napoli (oh magnifica palestra per noi giovanissimi studenti appena usciti dal Liceo!) fu quello della bilancia dei pagamenti internazionali con particolare riguardo alle cosidette partite «invisibili».

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

Article
Publication date: 16 August 2019

Santiago Ibarreche

This paper aims to share the essence of an interview with Rodrigo Varela Villegas, conducted by Santiago Ibarreche. It highlights his passion for academia, his commitment…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to share the essence of an interview with Rodrigo Varela Villegas, conducted by Santiago Ibarreche. It highlights his passion for academia, his commitment to developing responsible entrepreneurs and commitment to forging and disseminating the entrepreneurial spirit in Colombia, Iberoamerica and the world.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is an interview.

Findings

The interview explores Rodrigo’s career, his achievements and continued search for excellence in terms of teaching, research and service in academia. Of relevance are his contributions to the discipline of entrepreneurship through the development and divulging of the concept of entrepreneurial spirit.

Originality/value

The interview in this special section, A Life in Research, brings out an individual scholar’s experience and history, not only as recognition of scholarly impact but also as recognition of the person.

Objetivo

Este artículo comparte la esencia de una entrevista con Rodrigo Varela Villegas, dirigida por Santiago Ibarreche. Destaca su pasión por el mundo académico, su compromiso con el desarrollo de empresarios responsables y su compromiso con la creación y difusión del espíritu empresarial en Colombia, Iberoamérica y el mundo.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Este documento es una entrevista.

Resultados

La entrevista explora la carrera de Rodrigo; Sus logros y la búsqueda continua de la excelencia en términos de enseñanza, investigación y servicio en el mundo académico. De relevancia son sus contribuciones a la disciplina del espíritu empresarial a través del desarrollo y divulgación del concepto de espíritu emprendedor.

Originalidad/valor

la entrevista en esta sección especial, Una vida en investigación, revela la experiencia y la historia de un académico individual, no solo como reconocimiento del impacto académico, sino también como reconocimiento de la persona.

Palabras clave

Educación, Emprendimiento, Colombia, América Latina, Valores familiares

Tipo de artículo

Ponto de vista

Objetivo

Este artigo compartilha a essência de uma entrevista com Rodrigo Varela Villegas, conduzida por Santiago Ibarreche. Ele destaca sua paixão pela academia, seu compromisso com o desenvolvimento de empreendedores responsáveis e o compromisso de forjar e disseminar o espírito empreendedor na Colômbia, na Iberoamérica e no mundo.

Design/metodologia/abordagem

Este artigo é uma entrevista.

Resultados

A entrevista explora a carreira de Rodrigo; suas realizações e busca contínua de excelência em termos de ensino, pesquisa e serviço na academia. De relevância são as suas contribuições para a disciplina de empreendedorismo através do desenvolvimento e divulgação do conceito de espírito empreendedor.

Originalidade/valor

A entrevista nesta seção especial, Uma Vida em Pesquisa, traz à tona a experiência e a história de um acadêmico individual, não apenas como reconhecimento do impacto acadêmico, mas também como reconhecimento da pessoa.

Palavras-chave

Educação, Empreendedorismo, Colômbia, América Latina, Valores pamiliares

Tipo de artigo

Punto de vista

Details

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1536-5433

Keywords

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