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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2018

Alan Clarke and Alexandra Péter

Abstract

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Journal of Tourism Futures, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2055-5911

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Article
Publication date: 19 July 2019

John Bourke, Joanne Nunnerley, Deborah Snell and Anne Sinnott Jerram

The independent living (IL) movement is a social movement but also an analytic paradigm which can be used to inform and shape rehabilitation research and practice. The…

Abstract

Purpose

The independent living (IL) movement is a social movement but also an analytic paradigm which can be used to inform and shape rehabilitation research and practice. The purpose of this paper is to describe how the principles of DeJong’s IL paradigm have been used to develop a guiding framework for the Burwood Academy, a rehabilitation and disability research organisation in New Zealand. The Burwood Academy drew on the consumer empowerment principles inherent in DeJong’s IL paradigm, whereby the person learns to take control of the rehabilitation process, on which to promote consumer empowerment in all of the Academy’s endeavours.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reports on three investigative phases of work: a stakeholder dialogue, a narrative review and a benchmarking exercise that collectively enabled the development of a working framework based on DeJong’s IL paradigm.

Findings

This paper highlights pragmatic strategies that are used to better promote consumer inclusion in the research process, build researcher capacity among consumers and clinicians, and promote knowledge translation through a range of tertiary and clinical education forums.

Research limitations/implications

The results of this study identified numerous ways to promote consumer empowerment in research. Future research is needed to explore the effectiveness of the proposed framework further.

Practical implications

This paper suggests potential avenues to address the complexities of promoting the role of the “expert consumer” imbedded in clinical environments where this is not usually a priority in training and practice of health professionals.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to study more pragmatic ways to promote consumer empowerment in both clinical and research settings.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Alan Clarke

Abstract

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Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

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Article
Publication date: 11 October 2013

Allan Jepson, Alan Clarke and Gillian Ragsdell

The purpose of this paper is to debate on community engagement and participation in local community festivals and events by empirically analysing the factors which either…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to debate on community engagement and participation in local community festivals and events by empirically analysing the factors which either inhibit or facilitate engagement. The application of the motivation-opportunity-ability (MOA) model to the analysis of community festivals is an important contribution.

Design/methodology/approach

Recognising the complexity associated with community participation in festivals produced a set of four research questions which are addressed via a mixed methodology research design. The model was then tested using four key data collection methods including the interviews and the questionnaires analysed within this paper.

Findings

The MOA model can be seen as an appropriate framework with which to analyse community engagement in a local community festival setting, in the case of “The Utcazene-Fesztival”, a Street Music Festival in Veszprém, Hungary. Community participation is often interpreted quite simply as a way of involving local people in community planning and development. However, within the realm of community festivals and events the reality reveals a multitude of stakeholder webs and interconnected decision-making processes within a multi-faceted phenomenon. The paper reflects on the value of the MOA model to guide analysis within event studies and further considers the methodological challenges that the study brings to events studies.

Research limitations/implications

This paper presents two key data sets as part of a broader study of the MOA model. Due to size restrictions only the primary data derived through qualitative interviews and quantitative questionnaires are analysed here.

Originality/value

Currently there is limited understanding, agreement and research within community engagement remains an increasingly important area of academic enquiry. This particular paper explores the central concepts of inclusivity and engagement which can be considered as fundamental to the creation of successful community festivals and events. The paper begins by defining community festivals and events; it builds on Jepson and Clarke's (2012) work on developing inclusive community festivals and events through inclusive participation within the planning and decision making process.

Details

International Journal of Event and Festival Management, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1758-2954

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 14 October 2014

Allan Jepson, Alan Clarke and Gillian Ragsdell

This study lies within “classical discourse” (Getz, 2010) within festival studies as its context is firmly situated within cultural anthropology and sociology. Unlike…

Abstract

Purpose

This study lies within “classical discourse” (Getz, 2010) within festival studies as its context is firmly situated within cultural anthropology and sociology. Unlike previous studies this research is unique in that it integrates social cognitive theory (SCT) which is usually found in psychology discourses. The purpose of this paper is to propose how the Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) model would benefit from integrating self and group efficacy theory. It achieves this by building on previous analysis of primary data collected in the field at the Utcazene, Street Music Festival, Veszprem, Hungary, (Jepson et al., 2013) using an adapted MOA model.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyses previous studies which have tested the MOA model through primary data collection. Following this analysis best practice is and similarities are identified through discussion; then a case is then made to adapt the model to integrate and test Bandura's (1986) concept of self-efficacy based on the benefits it could provide to future research within community festivals and events.

Findings

This paper has been framed by initial research by Jepson et al. (2013) and Hung et al. (2011) which after analysis revealed that the MOA model was still lacking in its ability to reveal “why” local people were motivated or empowered to engage in the planning of community festivals and events. It has become evident through discussion that measuring self-efficacy has much to contribute in regards to community engagement in the event planning process; moreover there is strong evidence to support its inclusion within the MOA model. It could be used to further inform on the synergy within and between the three disciplines underpinning the model such as the relationship between knowledge, opportunity and ability, as well as reveal new ones between self-efficacy and knowledge, opportunity and ability.

Research limitations/implications

This is a conceptual paper and therefore is based on theoretical discussion but not on empirical data collected in the field of event studies.

Originality/value

Very few studies have engaged measurement of community participation within festivals and events. This study is original as it is interdisciplinary and investigates the concerns the roles local community take (as stakeholders), meanings (how local community culture is represented within the festival) and impacts (internal and external festival impacts and how these effect the local community) through established planning frameworks and SCT.

Details

International Journal of Event and Festival Management, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1758-2954

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Paul Williams

This article lists the publications of Jack Tizard from 1965 to 1979, with commentary on the development of his interests through that time, and his major contribution to…

Abstract

This article lists the publications of Jack Tizard from 1965 to 1979, with commentary on the development of his interests through that time, and his major contribution to research and social policy.

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

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Article
Publication date: 22 March 2011

Alan Clarke and Allan Jepson

This paper aims to develop an illustrative case study of power and hegemony involved in the creation of a local community festival, through the representations of local…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop an illustrative case study of power and hegemony involved in the creation of a local community festival, through the representations of local communities' cultures from various ethnic groups within the city of Derby.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on observational analysis of the steering group and the planning forum processes, this paper will deconstruct the discourses utilised, deployed and reinvented in the Derby Jubilee Festival. Power is revealed as a pervasive and constructive set of forces that are both enabling and disenfranchising.

Findings

The definitions of cultures used in the construction of the festival are demonstrated to have significant outcomes for the communities involved or to be excluded from the community festival. Further elaborates how the paper positions are constructed on the basis of different discourses of power.

Originality/value

Few studies have developed an analysis of power and hegemony within festivals. The study shows how the values inscribed within exclusive definitions of “culture” can exclude participation from community festivals.

Details

International Journal of Event and Festival Management, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1758-2954

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Paul Cambridge

Abstract

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Paul Williams

This article lists the publications of Jack Tizard from 1950 to 1964, with commentary on the development of his interests through that time, and his major contribution to…

Abstract

This article lists the publications of Jack Tizard from 1950 to 1964, with commentary on the development of his interests through that time, and his major contribution to research and social policy.

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

Content available
Article
Publication date: 6 July 2012

Peter McGill

Abstract

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

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