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Bo Zou, Irene Kwan, Mark Hansen, Dan Rutherford and Nabin Kafle

Air carriers and aircraft manufacturers are investing in technologies and strategies to reduce fuel consumption and associated emissions. This chapter reviews related…

Abstract

Air carriers and aircraft manufacturers are investing in technologies and strategies to reduce fuel consumption and associated emissions. This chapter reviews related issues to assess airline fuel efficiency and offers various empirical evidences from our recent work that focuses on the U.S. domestic passenger air transportation system. We begin with a general presentation of four methods (ratio-based, deterministic frontier, stochastic frontier, and data envelopment analysis) and three perspectives for assessing airline fuel efficiencies, the latter covering consideration of only mainline carrier operations, mainline–subsidiary relations, and airline routing circuity. Airline fuel efficiency results in the short run, in particular the correlations of the results from using different methods and considering different perspectives, are discussed. For the long-term efficiency, we present the development of a stochastic frontier model to investigate individual airline fuel efficiency and system overall evolution between 1990 and 2012. Insight about the association of fuel efficiency with market entry, exit, and airline mergers is also obtained.

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Chunyan Yu

This chapter provides a survey of alternative methodologies for measuring and comparing productivity and efficiency of airlines, and reviews representative empirical…

Abstract

This chapter provides a survey of alternative methodologies for measuring and comparing productivity and efficiency of airlines, and reviews representative empirical studies. The survey shows the apparent shift from index procedures and traditional OLS estimation of production and cost functions to stochastic frontier methods and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) methods over the past three decades. Most of the airline productivity and efficiency studies over the last decade adopt some variant of DEA methods. Researchers in the 1980s and 1990s were mostly interested in the effects of deregulation and liberalization on airline productivity and efficiency as well as the effects of ownership and governance structure. Since the 2000s, however, studies tend to focus on how business models and management strategies affect the performance of airlines. Environmental efficiency now becomes an important area of airline productivity and efficiency studies, focusing on CO2 emission as a negative or undesirable output. Despite the fact that quality of service is an important aspect of airline business, limited attempts have been made to incorporate quality of service in productivity and efficiency analysis.

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Airline Efficiency
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-940-4

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Book part

Gianmaria Martini, Davide Scotti and Nicola Volta

This chapter considers the productivity of 77 airlines between 1980 and 2013. We do so by estimating a stochastic frontier and decomposing the total factor productivity…

Abstract

This chapter considers the productivity of 77 airlines between 1980 and 2013. We do so by estimating a stochastic frontier and decomposing the total factor productivity growth into efficiency, technical and scale efficiency change. Our results show that, on average, airlines increased productivity over the period but that, while efficiency and technical change improved, scale efficiency results indicate that the average airline moved away from the most productive scale size. This was especially so in the two decades after 1980. Comparisons between geographical areas, business models, networks and alliances are also made.

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Airline Economics in Europe
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-282-5

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Article

Paul D. Hooper and Andrew Greenall

This paper aims to present the findings of an investigation into environmental reporting practice in the airline sector.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the findings of an investigation into environmental reporting practice in the airline sector.

Design/methodology/approach

Evidence was gathered from an international survey of 272 IATA Airlines. Responses accounted 65 per cent of the world's scheduled passenger traffic. Reports were assessed against a framework developed by UK's Association of Chartered and Certified Accountants.

Findings

The paper demonstrates that, despite an increase in the availability of quantitative data and some consistency in the use of key performance indicators, comparing social and environmental performance across the airline sector is fraught with difficulties. Variations in the exact definitions of the indicators used and the suite of functions embraced by the term “airline” are identified as fundamental obstacles to effective sector benchmarking.

Practical implications

Insight into an understanding of some of the pros and cons of comparisons between airline environmental performance data.

Originality/value

The research highlights the limitations of inter airline comparisons regarding environmental data and confirms the need for environmental and social impacts to be reported in a more standardised manner in order to facilitate meaningful dialogue with stakeholders in communities adjacent to airports.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

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Article

Fevzi Okumus, Ferhan Kuyucak Sengur, Mehmet Ali Koseoglu and Yusuf Sengur

This study aims to investigate what Turkish Airlines as a global airline company reports for corporate social responsibility (CSR) efforts on its corporate website by…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate what Turkish Airlines as a global airline company reports for corporate social responsibility (CSR) efforts on its corporate website by developing a framework assessing reports of airline companies’ CSR practices.

Design/methodology/approach

Content analysis was conducted on reports, documents and written policies published on the Turkish Airlines corporate website by the end of 2017.

Findings

The research findings suggest that Turkish Airlines publishes numerous reports highlighting their CSR activities. The study results show that Turkish Airlines reports its CSR activities through reports, documents and written policies. While the CSR reporting efforts deal with all CSR areas, the environmental dimension is the mostly emphasized area.

Practical implications

The study provides a model and data-driven analyzes for decision-makers and policymakers.

Originality/value

As one of the first study in the field, this research examines CSR reporting efforts in the airline industry via a new framework developed for airline companies.

研究目的

本论文旨在以一家全球航空公司—土耳其航空为研究对象, 探究其在官网上汇报企业社会责任(CSR)措施, 以开发审视航空公司CSR措施的理论模型。

研究设计/方法/途径

研究方法为内容分析法, 样本内容包括土耳其航空官网上在2017年之前发布的报告、文件、和文书政策。

研究结果

研究表明土耳其航空发布很多强调其CSR活动的报告。分析结果显示土耳其航空通过报告、文件、文书政策等形式汇报其CSR行为。尽管CSR报告涉及方方面面, 但是环境方面是重中之重。

研究实际意义

本论文为决策者和政策制定者提供了模型和数据为基础的分析方法。

研究原创性/价值

本论文作为首个在其领域内探索的文章, 对航空业CSR汇报内容进行审视, 为航空公司搭建了新的理论模型。

关键词

企业社会责任、航空业、可持续性汇报、土耳其航空、土耳其

文章类型 研究型论文

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

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Article

The objective of this paper is to review the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoint practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this paper is to review the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoint practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

Design/methodology/approach

This briefing is prepared by an independent writer who adds their own impartial comments and places the articles in context.

Findings

The paper finds that, with thousands of planes airborne every day, passengers tucking into their lunch at 35,000 ft as they cross continents, and some military aircraft stealthily getting up to 55,000 ft with the ability to reach anywhere in the world within a few hours, few are surprised that aviation is constantly reaching, metaphorically speaking, new heights. But what of the impact on the environment?

Practical implications

The paper provides strategic insights and practical thinking that have influenced some of the world's leading organizations.

Originality/value

The briefing saves busy executives and researchers hours of reading time by selecting only the very best, most pertinent information and presenting it in a condensed and easy‐to digest format.

Details

Strategic Direction, vol. 24 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

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Article

Rolls‐Royce 535C engines have passed the 100,000 hour mark in airline service. These engines power 30 Boeing 757 airliners in service with four operators in North America…

Abstract

Rolls‐Royce 535C engines have passed the 100,000 hour mark in airline service. These engines power 30 Boeing 757 airliners in service with four operators in North America and Europe — Eastern Airlines, British Airways, Monarch Airlines and Air Europe.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 56 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 76 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Book part

Mark R. Greer

This chapter examines the impact of recent airline consolidations in the United States on the technical efficiencies of the airlines involved. Data envelopment analysis…

Abstract

This chapter examines the impact of recent airline consolidations in the United States on the technical efficiencies of the airlines involved. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to assess the efficiencies, and the consolidations examined are those that occurred among major network carriers between 2005 and 2013. The airline production process is conceptualized as the transformation of labor, fuel, and fleet-wide seating capacity into available seat-miles, or, under an alternative model specification, into user value, as measured by the airline’s operating revenue. Efficiency is conceptualized in terms of minimizing the airline’s usage of the three inputs, given its output level. The analysis seeks to determine whether the airlines that consolidated were more efficient, post-consolidation, than they were prior to consolidation, compared to airlines that did not enter into consolidations. Although there are limitations owing to the small number of airlines in the dataset, the chapter finds no evidence that the consolidations enhanced the efficiencies of the airlines involved, relative to the efficiencies of the airlines that did not enter into consolidations.

Details

Airline Efficiency
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-940-4

Keywords

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