Search results

1 – 2 of 2
Article
Publication date: 6 June 2024

Abdelillah Khelassi, Lila Ayad A., Ahmed Halali and Besir Muhamed Lutfi

This paper aims to examine the effect of external Sharia audit on the performance of Islamic banks in Bahrain and Oman, which are countries that implement it. This study aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the effect of external Sharia audit on the performance of Islamic banks in Bahrain and Oman, which are countries that implement it. This study aims to explore the role of external Sharia audit in preventing prohibited profits and mitigating the risks of noncompliance with Sharia principles.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper opted a quantitative approach and collected data from the employees of the Sharia Supervision Board & Sharia Audit in the Islamic banks. This paper studied how external Sharia audit affects the financial profitability and compliance with Islamic Sharia principles of Islamic banks, using partial least squares structural equation modeling technique.

Findings

The results indicated that external Sharia audit had a significant positive effect on both financial profitability and compliance with Islamic Sharia principles in the Islamic banks under study. This means that external Sharia audit enhances the financial performance and the adherence to Islamic Sharia principles of the Islamic banks.

Research limitations/implications

This study has some limitations that suggest directions for future research, such as expanding the sample to other countries and measuring more performance indicators for Islamic banks.

Practical implications

This study suggests that external Sharia audit enhances the performance and compliance of Islamic banks and urges the regulators to adopt it and standardize it.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature on Islamic finance and external Sharia audit by providing empirical evidence on the impact of external Sharia audit on the performance of Islamic banks.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 20 March 2023

Nadeem Rais, Akash Ved, Rizwan Ahmad, Kehkashan Parveen and Mohd. Shadab

Renal failure is an end-stage consequence after persistent hyperglycemia during diabetic nephropathy (DN), and the etiology of DN has been linked to oxidative stress. The purpose…

Abstract

Purpose

Renal failure is an end-stage consequence after persistent hyperglycemia during diabetic nephropathy (DN), and the etiology of DN has been linked to oxidative stress. The purpose of this research was to determine the beneficial synergistic effects of S-Allyl Cysteine (SAC) and Taurine (TAU) on oxidative damage in the kidneys of type 2 diabetic rats induced by hyperglycemia.

Design/methodology/approach

Experimental diabetes was developed by administering intraperitoneal single dose of streptozotocin (STZ; 65 mg/kg) with nicotinamide (NA; 230 mg/kg) in adult rats. Diabetic and control rats were treated with SAC (150 mg/kg), TAU (200 mg/kg) or SAC and TAU combination (75 + 100 mg/kg) for four weeks. The estimation of body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), oxidative stress markers along with kidney histopathology was done to investigate the antidiabetic potential of SAC/TAU in the NA/STZ diabetic group.

Findings

The following results were obtained for the therapeutic efficacy of SAC/TAU: decrease in blood glucose level, decreased level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and increased levels of GSH, glutathione-s-transferase (GST) and catalase (CAT). SAC/TAU significantly modulated diabetes-induced histological changes in the kidney of rats.

Originality/value

SAC/TAU combination therapy modulated the oxidative stress markers in the kidney in diabetic rat model and also prevented oxidative damage as observed through histopathological findings.

Details

Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 42 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1985-9899

Keywords

1 – 2 of 2