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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2022

Dongfeng Li, Zhengzhong Wang, Andrea Da Ronch and Gang Chen

This paper aims to develop an efficient evaluation method to more intuitively and effectively investigate the influence of the wing fuel mass variations because of fuel…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop an efficient evaluation method to more intuitively and effectively investigate the influence of the wing fuel mass variations because of fuel burn on transonic aeroelasticity.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed efficient aeroelastic evaluation method is developed by extending the standard computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based proper orthogonal decomposition (POD)/reduced order model (ROM).

Findings

The results of this paper show that the proposed aeroelastic efficient evaluation method can accurately and efficiently predict the aeroelastic response and flutter boundary when the wing fuel mass vary because of fuel burn. It also shows that the wing fuel mass variations have a significant effect on transonic aeroelasticity; the flutter speed increases as the wing fuel mass decreases. Without rebuilding an expensive, time-consuming CFD-based POD/ROM for each wing fuel mass variation, the computational cost of the proposed method is reduced obviously. It also shows that the computational efficiency improvement grows linearly with the number of model cases.

Practical implications

The paper presents a potentially powerful tool to more intuitively and effectively investigate the influence of the wing fuel mass variation on transonic aeroelasticity, and the results form a theoretical and methodological basis for further research.

Originality/value

The proposed evaluation method makes it a reality to apply the efficient standard CFD-based POD/ROM to investigate the influence of the wing fuel mass variation because of fuel burn on transonic aeroelasticity. The proposed efficient aeroelastic evaluation method, therefore, is ideally suited to deal with the investigation of the influence of wing fuel mass variations on transonic aeroelasticity and may have the potential to reduce the overall cost of aircraft design.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 94 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 January 2013

S.H. Huo, F.S. Wang, Z. Yuan and Z.F. Yue

Computational efficiency is always the major concern in aircraft design. The purpose of this paper is to investigate an efficient aeroelasticity optimization design…

Abstract

Purpose

Computational efficiency is always the major concern in aircraft design. The purpose of this paper is to investigate an efficient aeroelasticity optimization design method. Analysis of composite wing elastic axis is presented in the current study and its application on aeroelasticity optimization design is discussed.

Design/methodology/approach

Elastic axis consists of stiffness centers. The stiffness centers of eight cross sections are analyzed and the wing elastic axis is obtained through least‐squares procedure. In the analysis of the cross section stiffness center, the wing model is approximated by assuming the wing cross section as a thin walled structure with a single cell closed section and assuming the composite material to be a 3D anisotropic material. In aeroelasticity optimization design, objective functions are taken to be the wing weight and elastic axis position. Design variables are the thickness and area of wing components.

Findings

After aeroelasticity optimization design, the wing weight decreases while the divergent velocity increases. Meanwhile, it can achieve an expected result but costs much less computational time than the conventional method.

Practical implications

The results can be used for aircraft design or as an initial value for the next detailed optimization design.

Originality/value

The computational time can be dramatically reduced through the aeroelasticity optimization design based on the elastic axis. It is suitable for engineering applications.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 85 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1997

M. Vahdati and M. Imregun

Presents a finite element/volume method for non‐linear aeroelasticity analyses of turbomachinery blades. The method uses an Arbitrary Lagrangian‐Eulerian (ALE) kinematical…

Abstract

Presents a finite element/volume method for non‐linear aeroelasticity analyses of turbomachinery blades. The method uses an Arbitrary Lagrangian‐Eulerian (ALE) kinematical description of the fluid domain, in which the grid points can be displaced independently of the fluid motion. In addition, it employs an iterative implicit formulation similar to that of the Implicit‐continuous Eulerian (ICE) technique, making it applicable to flows at all speeds. A deforming mesh capability that can move the grid to conform continuously to the instantaneous shape of an aeroelastically deforming body without excessive distortion is also included in the algorithm. The unsteady aerodynamic loads are obtained using inviscid Euler equations. The model for the solid is general and can accommodate any spatial or modal representation of the structure. Determines the flutter stability of the system by studying the aeroelastic time response histories which are obtained by integration of the coupled equations of motion for both the fluid and the structure. Develops and demonstrates in 2D the formulation, which includes several corrections for better numerical stability. The cases studied include NACA64A006 and NACA0012 aerofoils and the EPFL Configuration 4 cascade. Finds the results from the numerical indicate good overall agreement with other published work and hence demonstrates the suitability of an ICED‐ALE formulation for turbomachinery applications.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 July 1956

E.G.B. and A.R.F.

The subject of aeroelasticity is not well provided with text books and this makes the present book all the more valuable. One difficulty in writing such a text book is…

Abstract

The subject of aeroelasticity is not well provided with text books and this makes the present book all the more valuable. One difficulty in writing such a text book is that although aeroelasticity is often regarded as a highly specialized subject and tends to be avoided by the average aeronautical engineer, yet it embraces a very wide field of study covering matters as diverse as linear aerofoil theory, both steady and unsteady, some boundary layer effects, structural theory for distortion of the aircraft components, problems of servo analysis and mathematical methods for the solution of large numbers of linear equations with real and complex coefficients. Thus, although the book contains nearly 500 pages it is correctly entitled ‘An Introduction …’ and the author presents each of his subjects with diversions into pure mathematics where necessary. These mathematical sections include introductions to Lagrange's equations, matrices and Laplace transformations.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 28 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 17 October 2018

Zhe Yuan, Shihui Huo and Jianting Ren

Computational efficiency is always the major concern in aircraft design. The purpose of this research is to investigate an efficient jig-shape optimization design method…

Abstract

Purpose

Computational efficiency is always the major concern in aircraft design. The purpose of this research is to investigate an efficient jig-shape optimization design method. A new jig-shape optimization method is presented in the current study and its application on the high aspect ratio wing is discussed.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the effects of bending and torsion on aerodynamic distribution were discussed. The effect of bending deformation was equivalent to the change of attack angle through a new equivalent method. The equivalent attack angle showed a linear dependence on the quadratic function of bending. Then, a new jig-shape optimization method taking integrated structural deformation into account was proposed. The method was realized by four substeps: object decomposition, optimization design, inversion and evaluation.

Findings

After the new jig-shape optimization design, both aerodynamic distribution and structural configuration have satisfactory results. Meanwhile, the method takes both bending and torsion deformation into account.

Practical implications

The new jig-shape optimization method can be well used for the high aspect ratio wing.

Originality/value

The new method is an innovation based on the traditional single parameter design method. It is suitable for engineering application.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 91 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 August 1998

146

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 70 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 31 October 2018

Wojciech Chajec, Wieslaw A. Krzymien and Andreas Strohmayer

The separation of energy conversion and propulsor is a promising aspect of hybrid-electric propulsion systems, allowing for increased installation efficiencies and setting…

Abstract

Purpose

The separation of energy conversion and propulsor is a promising aspect of hybrid-electric propulsion systems, allowing for increased installation efficiencies and setting the basis for distributed propulsion concepts. University of Stuttgart’s Institute of Aircraft Design has a long experience with electrically powered aircraft, starting with Icaré 2, a solar-powered glider flying, since 1996. Icaré 2 recently has been converted to a three-engine motor glider with two battery-powered wing-tip propellers, in addition to the solar-powered main electric motor. This adds propulsion redundancy and will allow analyzing yaw control concepts with differential thrust and the propeller-vortex interaction at the wing-tip. To ensure airworthiness for this design modification, new ground vibration tests (GVTs) and flutter calculations are required. The purpose of this paper is to lay out the atypical approach to test execution due to peculiarities of the Icaré 2 design such as an asymmetrical aileron control system, the long wing span with low frequencies of the first mode and elevated wing tips bending under gravity and thus affecting the accuracy of the wing torsion frequency measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

A flutter analysis based on GVT results is performed for the aircraft in basic configuration and with wing tip propulsors in pusher or tractor configuration. Apart from the measured resonant modes, the aircraft rigid body modes and the control surface mechanism modes are taken into consideration. The flutter calculations are made by a high-speed, low-cost software named JG2 based on the strip theory in aerodynamics and the V-g method of flutter problem solution.

Findings

With the chosen atypical approach to GVT the impact of the suspension on the test results was shown to be minimal. Flutter analysis has proven that the critical flutter speed of Icaré 2 is sufficiently high in all configurations.

Practical implications

The atypical approach to GVT and subsequent flutter analysis have shown that the effects of wing-tip propulsors on aeroelasticity of the high aspect ratio configuration do not negatively affect flutter characteristics. This analysis can serve as a basis for an application for a permit to fly.

Originality/value

The presented methodology is valuable for the flutter assessment of aircraft configurations with atypical aeroelastic characteristics.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 91 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 July 2021

Yonghu Wang, Ray C. Chang and Wei Jiang

The purpose of this paper is to present a quick inspection method based on the post-flight data to examine static aeroelastic behavior for transport aircraft subjected to…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a quick inspection method based on the post-flight data to examine static aeroelastic behavior for transport aircraft subjected to instantaneous high g-loads.

Design/methodology/approach

In the present study, the numerical approach of static aeroelasticity and two verified cases will be presented. The non-linear unsteady aerodynamic models are established through flight data mining and the fuzzy-logic modeling of artificial intelligence techniques based on post-flight data. The first and second derivatives of flight dynamic and static aeroelastic behaviors, respectively, are then estimated by using these aerodynamic models.

Findings

The flight dynamic and static aeroelastic behaviors with instantaneous high g-load for the two transports will be analyzed and make a comparison study. The circumstance of turbulence encounter of the new twin-jet is much serious than that of four-jet transport aircraft, but the characteristic of stability and controllability for the new twin-jet is better than those of the four-jet transport aircraft; the new twin-jet transport is also shown to have very small aeroelastic effects. The static aeroelastic behaviors for the two different types can be assessed by using this method.

Practical implications

As the present study uses the flight data stored in a quick access recorder, an intrusive structural inspection of the post-flight can be avoided. A tentative conclusion is to prove that this method can be adapted to examine the static aeroelastic effects for transport aircraft of different weights, different sizes and different service years in tracking static aeroelastic behavior of existing different types of aircraft. In future research, one can consider to have more issues of other types of aircraft with high composite structure weight.

Originality/value

This method can be used to assist airlines to monitor the variations of flight dynamic and static aeroelastic behaviors as a complementary tool for management to improve aviation safety, operation and operational efficiency.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 94 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 31 August 2012

A.S. Roknizadeh, A.S. Nobari, M. Mohagheghi and H. Shahverdi

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the stability of aeroelastic systems using aeroelastic frequency response function (FRF).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the stability of aeroelastic systems using aeroelastic frequency response function (FRF).

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed technique determines the instability boundary of an aeroelastic system based on condition number (CN) of aeroelastic FRF matrix or directly from FRFs data.

Findings

Stability margins of typical section and hingeless helicopter rotor blade in the subsonic flow regimes (quasi‐steady and unsteady models) are determined using proposed techniques as two case studies.

Originality/value

The paper introduces a technique which is applicable not only when aerodynamic and structure analytical models are available but also when there are experimental models for structure and/or aerodynamics, such as impulse response functions data or FRFs data. In other words, the main advantage of the proposed method, besides its simplicity and low memory requirement, is its ability to utilize experimental data.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 84 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

Terry Ford

Presents shortened versions of a number of papers presented at the recent 22nd European Rotorcraft Forum held in Brighton, UK, whose theme was advances in research…

1967

Abstract

Presents shortened versions of a number of papers presented at the recent 22nd European Rotorcraft Forum held in Brighton, UK, whose theme was advances in research, development, design, manufacturing, testing and operation. Specific aircraft focused on are the EH 101 Merlin trials aircraft; the V‐22 Osprey tiltrotor; and the NH 90 helicopter. Discusses some of the developments on the more general subjects that were dealt with at the symposium: advanced transmission technology; metallic structures; composites; and aeroelasticity.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 69 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

1 – 10 of 163