Search results

1 – 10 of over 13000
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1979

Henriette D. Avram and David C. Hartmann

Outlines the lead up to the establishment of the Network Development Office to ensure that the Library of Congress participated in national network planning. The work was…

Abstract

Outlines the lead up to the establishment of the Network Development Office to ensure that the Library of Congress participated in national network planning. The work was vested in the Network Advisory Group set up in 1977 and later renamed the Network Advisory Committee. From this evolved a task force to be called the Network Technical Architecture Group (NTAG). The accomplishments of NTAG are described, and relate to computer links, protocol for such links, and national networks for sharing bibliographic and other data. Future considerations are also outlined.

Details

Program, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

Article
Publication date: 8 June 2015

Anna Kremel and Darush Yazdanfar

This study aims to investigate the demand for business advisory services by owners of start-ups and young companies by taking a gender perspective. The study also examines…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the demand for business advisory services by owners of start-ups and young companies by taking a gender perspective. The study also examines whether risk-taking is more characteristic of masculine than feminine behaviour in this context.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review examines business advisory services and risk aversion from a gender perspective. The empirical data are derived from interviews with owners of more than 2,700 start-ups and young companies in Sweden. A number of key variables compare how the company owners (women and men) view business advisory services as a way to overcome risk and to gain access to information in networks. Several statistical tests are used to analyse these data.

Findings

Women owners of start-ups and young companies use more and different business advisory services than men owners. There are differences among the men owners and women owners with regard to the amount of start-up capital, company size and industry sector. Given the risks associated with start-up, business advisory services are important to women in helping them reduce their risk in the start-up and early stages of their companies.

Research limitations/implications

Companies in Sweden’s largest city, Stockholm, were not included in the sample. Financial data were not used as variables.

Practical implications

Policymakers should address women owners’ greater demand for business advisory services in their companies’ early stages.

Originality/value

This study’s originality is its gender perspective on the demand for business advisory services by start-ups and young companies and its challenge to previous findings about entrepreneurial behaviour and risk-taking.

Details

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-6266

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 June 2013

Victor Zengyu Huang, Anup Nandialath, Abdulkareem Kassim Alsayaghi and Emine Esra Karadeniz

The field of entrepreneurship has seen a dramatic increase in studies focusing on networks and relations. Research in this area has thus far focused on how the structure…

1115

Abstract

Purpose

The field of entrepreneurship has seen a dramatic increase in studies focusing on networks and relations. Research in this area has thus far focused on how the structure and quality of entrepreneurs' existing interpersonal ties shape information access and thereby influence entrepreneurial outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to extend the focus further by examining how the entrepreneur's socio‐demographic profile affects advisory network configuration in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) context.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors used Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) data, at the individual level (total early‐stage entrepreneurial activities) in 14 countries within the MENA region over the course of three years (2009, 2010 and 2011). The sample of networks is obtained from the entrepreneurs identified among the adults interviewed in the adult population survey of GEM participating countries from the MENA region.

Findings

Strong evidence was found that socio‐demographic variables such as gender, age, income and education have an impact on the usage of advice‐seeking networks by entrepreneurs across MENA. For instance, the findings suggest that women entrepreneurs in the MENA region tend to rely more on personal networks compared to male entrepreneurs.

Originality/value

The paper's contribution is novel in providing empirical evidence exposing the interplay between socio‐demographic factors, new venture start‐up phases, to entrepreneurial networks. Prospective scholarly research need to improve our understanding about the effects of network evolution on the entrepreneurial trajectory, as well to develop a greater understanding on how, when and why MENA‐based entrepreneurial networks emerge, develop and change over time.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1984

Robert Dugan and Susan Bjørner

The process of developing a computer based resource‐sharing program for Massachusetts is described. Activities include the development and linking of bibliographic…

Abstract

The process of developing a computer based resource‐sharing program for Massachusetts is described. Activities include the development and linking of bibliographic databases, the establishment of document request and delivery procedures, and the provision of computer literacy/training for librarians. Standards, funding, governance, egislation and public information components of the plan are also reviewed.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Book part
Publication date: 22 March 2022

Lisiane Quadrado Closs, Fernanda Maciel Reichert, Daniela Francisco Brauner, Raquel Janissek-Muniz and Sofia Gelain da Cunha

This is a story of collective resilience. In a two-week task force, our group of Associate Professors created the SOS-MSME project, an advisory network to support Micro…

Abstract

This is a story of collective resilience. In a two-week task force, our group of Associate Professors created the SOS-MSME project, an advisory network to support Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises suffering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Almost 1,000 people, including staff, students from different university, faculties, alumni, and professionals from the community engaged in this project supporting more than 200 entrepreneurs. It has helped our community, but also ourselves generating a new challenging academic path integrating service, research and teaching.

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Robert E. Dugan and Jane Ouderkirk

In the early 1980s, driven by the economics of trying to sustain library operations in stringent financial times, maintain labor productivity, and respond to user demands…

Abstract

In the early 1980s, driven by the economics of trying to sustain library operations in stringent financial times, maintain labor productivity, and respond to user demands for informational resources, public libraries in Massachusetts began to seek more efficient and effective ways to function internally while maintaining services for users. Automated technologies provided a partial solution to these library needs. The design, financial support, organizational structure, and evolution of a program to support the automation of libraries and promote resource sharing among libraries are detailed. A sidebar by Governor Dukakis expresses his views on the roles and importance of libraries.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Article
Publication date: 22 February 2008

Kim Klyver

This article aims to investigate the practice adopted by entrepreneurs regarding their use of consultants through the business life cycle.

1331

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to investigate the practice adopted by entrepreneurs regarding their use of consultants through the business life cycle.

Design/methodology/approach

A representative sample of Danish entrepreneurs was surveyed with response rates of 73 percent and 92 percent. The Danish GEM population survey was merged with own follow‐up surveys and statistically analyzed.

Findings

The survey results reveal that involvement of consultants increases as entrepreneurs move forward in the business life cycle. As entrepreneurs gain access to more resources, and as their problems become more fragmented, specialised, discrete and business oriented, the feasibility and benefit of consultant involvement becomes more viable. It was further found that older entrepreneurs have a higher tendency to involve consultants and that entrepreneurs mostly discuss economic and financial issues with consultants to whom they are mostly weakly connected.

Research limitations/implications

Compared to other people in entrepreneurs' social networks, entrepreneurs mostly discuss financial issues with consultants with whom they are mostly relatively weakly connected.

Practical implications

It is suggested that a publicly‐supported advisory system should continue its effort in the early stages where entrepreneurs have only scarce resources. Further it is suggested that this advisory should be even more concentrated towards other issues than financial issues such as marketing, strategy, coordination, and specific opportunity development.

Originality/value

The research extends previous studies by integrating advisory literature and social network literature. The introduction of the business life cycle is also new. The results are based on a very solid research design.

Details

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1462-6004

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

André Morkel and Barry Posner

While advisory boards have been around for a long time, they have become rather commonplace in Silicon Valley (USA) in the past decade. In fact, they are so common for new…

1217

Abstract

While advisory boards have been around for a long time, they have become rather commonplace in Silicon Valley (USA) in the past decade. In fact, they are so common for new ventures as to be unremarkable and taken for granted. However, there is really very little empirical evidence about advisory boards, how they work, why they work, or do not work, and the like. The purpose of this research is to explore and to discover how advisory boards operate in practice. A number of tentative conclusions arise from this investigation, which can provide guidance to entrepreneurs in the composition and disposition of advisory boards, and also offer clues to future researchers for topics requiring more focused and in‐depth inquiry.

Details

Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 28 June 1991

Karen Horny

Abstract

Details

Library Technical Services: Operations and Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-795-0

Abstract

Details

Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-12024-615-1

1 – 10 of over 13000