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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0

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Book part
Publication date: 14 October 2009

Rune Elvik, Alena Høye, Truls Vaa and Michael Sørensen

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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Ravindra K. Pande

The purpose of this paper is to present observations on the National Human Rights Commission report on the emergency medical services (EMS) with special reference to…

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543

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present observations on the National Human Rights Commission report on the emergency medical services (EMS) with special reference to Uttaranchal, India.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents observations of road accidents in Uttaranchal between 2002 and 2003.

Findings

Some of the major causes of medical emergencies are road accidents, fall, burns, poisoning, drowning, suicides and attempted suicides and violence of various types. Along with this, natural disasters are a major medical emergency care. According to an estimate there is one accident in every two minutes in India. For every trauma related death, there are many injured and disabled persons. The male age group of 15‐40 years is the most affected by trauma. The cost of trauma is terms of direct costs and loss in terms of productive life is astronomical. The sudden increase in the length, breadth and kinds of roads and an exponential growth in the number and quality of transports and commuters is going to need an extremely well co‐ordinated response system. This by the very complexity of the task involved will have to be a multidisciplinary agency under a unified command. As Uttaranchal enters the fifth year of its existence the various components which would tend to aggravate the existing situation are only too apparent. Connectivity of habitats through road construction, already a top priority activity, is going to be intensified further. Exponential growth in several services sector, all leading to tremendous pressure on the existing roads and infrastructure, resulting in accidents.

Originality/value

The paper presents a road map for the establishment of EMS.

Details

Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-3562

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Article
Publication date: 16 August 2019

Xueyan Yang, Changxi Ma, Changfeng Zhu, Bo Qi, Fuquan Pan and Chengming Zhu

For the purpose of reducing the incidence of hazardous materials transport accident, eliminating the potential threats and ensuring their safety, aiming at the…

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1356

Abstract

Purpose

For the purpose of reducing the incidence of hazardous materials transport accident, eliminating the potential threats and ensuring their safety, aiming at the shortcomings in the process of current hazardous materials transportation management, this paper aims to construct the framework of hazardous materials transportation safety management system under the vehicle-infrastructure connected environment.

Design/methodology/approach

The system takes the intelligent connected vehicle as the main supporter, integrating GIS, GPS, eye location, GSM, networks and database technology.

Findings

By analyzing the transportation characteristics of hazardous materials, this system consists of five subsystems, which are vehicle and driver management subsystem, dangerous sources and hazardous materials management subsystem, route analysis and optimization subsystem, early warning and emergency rescue management subsystem, and basic information query subsystem.

Originality/value

Hazardous materials transportation safety management system includes omnibearing real-time monitoring, timely updating of system database, real-time generation and optimization of emergency rescue route. The system can reduce the transportation cost and improve the ability of accident prevention and emergency rescue of hazardous materials.

Details

Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-9802

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Book part
Publication date: 13 January 2010

Tony Kazda and Bob Caves

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Airport Design and Operation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-08-054643-8

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Book part
Publication date: 5 August 2015

Tony Kazda and Bob Caves

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Airport Design and Operation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-869-4

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1998

Janet B. Stevens

The ten‐step APELL process, as set out in the APELL Handbook, is described, together with the roles of the APELL partners and ways of starting APELL. An account of UNEP’s…

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353

Abstract

The ten‐step APELL process, as set out in the APELL Handbook, is described, together with the roles of the APELL partners and ways of starting APELL. An account of UNEP’s APELL programme is given. The progress of APELL throughout the world is discussed and a view is offered about how the pro‐gramme can be further implemented and made more effective.

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Environmental Management and Health, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-6163

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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0

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Article
Publication date: 24 August 2021

Mohaddese Omidi, Behzad Zohrevandi and Enayatollah Homaie Rad

As a human right, people need to arrive early at the hospitals when they are injured in traffic accidents. Both the mean and equality of the time of arriving at the…

Abstract

Purpose

As a human right, people need to arrive early at the hospitals when they are injured in traffic accidents. Both the mean and equality of the time of arriving at the hospital are important. This study aimed to investigate inequality in arrival time of emergent traffic accident patients to the hospital in 2018–2019 in a city in the North of Iran.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors extracted the data from the Guilan province trauma system databank in Poursina Hospital in Rasht in 2018 and 2019. The Gini coefficient was used to calculate inequality, and a regression model was estimated for determining the reason for inequality in time to receive hospital services.

Findings

The study showed that patients’ arrival time from the time of the accident to the time of arrival to the hospital was 64.48 ± 47.63 min (minimum of 9 min and maximum 462 min). Gini coefficient was 0.31 (p <0.001), which does not show high inequality. Regression results showed that the transfer time of patients by car was 40 min longer (p-value <0.001) than ambulances (p = 0.036). In children, the transfer time was 42 min less (p = 0.003). Other variables did not explain the inequality (p > 0.05).

Originality/value

According to the time of arrival of patients and Gini index, in Rasht, inequality in providing services is not in a bad condition. This indicates that the emergency department does not systematically transport people to the hospital late.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

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Article
Publication date: 11 August 2021

Hassan Dakel Abd Radhi

Under international human rights law, states can limit the exercise of most human rights if it is necessary to protect the rights of others or collective interests. The…

Abstract

Purpose

Under international human rights law, states can limit the exercise of most human rights if it is necessary to protect the rights of others or collective interests. The hazards of epidemics and diseases have raised many legal, economic and social issues in their link with global health security, which renew the discussion regarding the effects of the COVID-19 on some civil and commercial transactions and financial and tax obligations. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the effects of COVID-19 on contractual obligations.

Design/methodology/approach

In this research, we are going to follow the method of the analytical and applied approach at the same time by analyzing the cases in which contractual obligations are affected by the circumstances of the COVID-19 and its legal implications, as well as to apply the theories related to this aspect to different cases.

Findings

The result of the study funded that the legal adaptation of the COVID-19 pandemic is limited to the theory of emergency circumstances and the theory of the force majeure, and the matter remains in the hands of the trial judge to attribute the incident imposed on him to one of the two cases according to the circumstances of the case.

Originality/value

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on contractual obligations should be applied on each contract separately according to the extent of its impact on the contractors because the spread of the virus may have an impact on the obligations of one of the contractors, leading to exhaustion of the debtor, or it may lead to the impossibility of implementing the obligation.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

Keywords

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