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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1999

Pamela Norum

The accessories, footwear and hosiery industries have always been important complements to the apparel industry. While the demand for apparel has been studied fairly…

Abstract

The accessories, footwear and hosiery industries have always been important complements to the apparel industry. While the demand for apparel has been studied fairly extensively, the demand for accessory items has been overlooked. To gain a better understanding of the demand for accessories, footwear, and hosiery, it is the purpose of this research to estimate expenditure equations for accessories, footwear and hosiery; and to profile the consumer characteristics of the purchasers and non‐purchasers of these items. An economic model of demand provides the theoretical framework. Expenditure equations are estimated using data from the 1990–91 Consumer Expenditure Survey. The results indicate that income, family size and education positively affect expenditures on accessories, footwear and hosiery while the results for age, occupation and region vary among the categories. The results have implications for producers and marketers of accessories, footwear and hosiery.

Details

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-2026

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Article
Publication date: 20 November 2020

Tripat Gill, Zhenfeng Ma, Ping Zhao and Yongjian (Ken) Chen

This study aims to distinguish between the indispensable (software) versus discretionary (accessories) complementary products to a platform. It investigates the impact of…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to distinguish between the indispensable (software) versus discretionary (accessories) complementary products to a platform. It investigates the impact of accessories on increasing the perceived value and sales of a base platform. In particular, the role of two distinct characteristics of accessories – innovativeness and structural nonalignability – in driving the sales of the base platform.

Design/methodology/approach

Combining sales data from the US video gaming industry with primary data on the above two aspects of accessories, this study quantifies the effect of accessories portfolio on the sales of three brands of video gaming platforms.

Findings

A distinct network externality arises from accessories for video gaming platforms, above and beyond the effects of game titles. Importantly, the average level of innovativeness and nonalignability of the accessories portfolio, as well as the frequency of introduction of highly innovative and/or nonalignable accessories positively impact the sales of the platform.

Research limitations/implications

This research seeks to address the gap in the innovation literature on the role of discretionary complementary products (i.e. accessories) on platform sales. Future research should examine this in other platform contexts as well.

Practical implications

Managers of platform-mediated products should give due consideration to accessories, as an important driver of the sales of the platforms. Product managers can leverage the advantage of innovative and nonalignable accessories to enhance consumer demand for the platform.

Originality/value

This study is the first to conceptualize and empirically verify the network externality arising from accessories, a heretofore much neglected component of platform-based markets.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 55 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2007

Joe S. Au, Angel W. Lee and Yo Y. Au

Fashion accessories are vital for fashion design in terms of creating the total look and presenting a fashion statement. They are also important for marketers to develop…

Abstract

Fashion accessories are vital for fashion design in terms of creating the total look and presenting a fashion statement. They are also important for marketers to develop the correspondent market to increase the companies’ profit. The research was begun with a thorough review of the roles and functions of fashion accessories. Quantitative and qualitative research methodologies were adopted in this study. A questionnaire survey was undertaken to collect data from the consumers and in-depth interviews were used to collect useful information from the accessories designers in Hong Kong. The findings showed that the fashion accessories were mainly functional from the perspective of consumers, especially in the case of shoes and handbags. Accessories had a decorative role and that was particularly so in the case of jewellery. Some findings showed that designers' concerns about accessories did not fully conform to those of the consumers. Therefore, an in-depth research on different buying behaviour between male and female consumers was carried out. The research questions included the amount of money consumers would spend on accessories, and their purchasing decisions primarily depended on their functionality, durability, comfort and brands. These findings will assist the fashion accessory designers to understand the wants and needs of the market. Finally, future recommendations are given to the marketers and educators.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2015

Beáta Sz. G. Pató

The purpose of this paper is to present the necessary accessories for creating a job description, through a model. The model concentrates on the person and a job…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the necessary accessories for creating a job description, through a model. The model concentrates on the person and a job description document, which is capable of connecting and synchronising the organizational goals. The author introduces a tool that assists in creating job descriptions.

Design/methodology/approach

In the present paper the author integrates the conclusions of the authors on the subject and her own research results, on the basis of which she creates a three dimensional (3D) job description model. This 3D model could be used as a resource in the human resource development field.

Findings

The elements of the resulting job description document: the method specific accessories of the job descriptions. The content specific accessories of the job descriptions. The person specific accessories of the job descriptions.

Research limitations/implications

The 3D job description, which is presented in the study, was preceded by the development of a general model. The very first application of the general model was in connection with competence tests, which have gained popularity lately. Competences can be classified in different ways. Each aspect of classification corresponds to a face of a tetrahedron, five of which comprise the model. This model is also adaptable for other kinds of research used at research centres, educational institutions and companies.

Practical implications

The 3D job description being presented was developed as a special, multi-dimensional data model. The model allows us to discover and present the causal relationships and the connections between the parts and the whole of job description elements. It demonstrates the interacting factors clearly due to the fact that the tetrahedrons can be rolled over one another, and it is adaptable for the mapping of the connections between these factors.

Social implications

The model is capable of defining the central elements. In this case, the people and the organization of work are in the centre. The 3D job description is adaptable for modelling by the exploration of logical links, so it can show what kind of “whole” is generated by the given elements and what parts it consists of. Therefore the model can be interpreted as a network of connections, which is capable of illustrating the vertical and horizontal structure, due to the special form of tetrahedrons. The model is perfect for the demonstration of the connections between contents on the faces of the tetrahedrons, due to their form and movability.

Originality/value

The elaboration and presentation of the general model, protected by design patent (90 806 D0500121) in Hungary, was stimulated by the fact that during different kinds of research and analyses it is an important task to explore the influencing factors, elements and their connections. This is of primary importance especially at the early stage of research and analysis, because the negligence of these in the early stages results in the fact that those particular factors can be taken into account only during a repeated analysis.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

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Article
Publication date: 6 July 2015

Nebojsa B. Raicevic and Nikola Raicevic

Underground cables can produce higher electromagnetic fields directly above them than an overhead line. The majority of cable failures on distribution system are caused by…

Abstract

Purpose

Underground cables can produce higher electromagnetic fields directly above them than an overhead line. The majority of cable failures on distribution system are caused by defects in the cable accessories. Nowadays, significant research has been carried out worldwide into examining whether electricity, and in particular, the presence of electric and magnetic fields have an adverse impact on health, especially the occurrence of cancer and childhood leukemia. The purpose of this paper is to optimize the electric field distribution in underground cable accessories. This reduces the impact of the harmful effects of the fields on living beings and humans.

Design/methodology/approach

Cable terminations and joints are designed to eliminate the stress concentration at the termination screen to avoid the breakdown of the cable and high values of electric field at these points. Any improvement in the cable termination and joints construction is of great interest. There are several methods for the solution of electric field distribution. These can be summarized as analytical, experimental, free-hand field mapping, analogue methods and numerical methods. In this paper cable accessories are modeled by using multilayer dielectric system and very thin deflector’s cones.

Findings

This model includes specific insulators design and smart choice of electrodes position. Stress-grading nonlinear materials in form of tapes and tubes were used with much success. In order to optimize the cable joint parameters, two criteria were monitored – total electric field magnitude and magnitude of the tangential component. More than 30 percent is reduced impact of cables on the environment.

Originality/value

In order to investigate the accuracy of the applied numerical model, various configurations of the cable accessories are studied. The first time is applied new Hybrid Boundary Elements Method on the protection of the environment.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1946

D.G.A. Rendel

IT is probably true to say that the opinion most widely held about aircraft accessory power systems is that they are a necessary evil about which nothing very much can be…

Abstract

IT is probably true to say that the opinion most widely held about aircraft accessory power systems is that they are a necessary evil about which nothing very much can be done. This attitude is induced in practice by the following facts: (i) most aircraft will not operate satisfactorily without an accessory power system; (ii) the accessory power system is normally only re‐sponsible for a very small proportion of the major failures of the aircraft and is, in any case, only an accessory and not fundamental to the design of the machine; (iii) more maintenance hours are spent putting the accessory power system right than on almost anything else.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 18 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 13 July 2015

Liliana Simões Ribeiro, Rui Alberto Lopes Miguel, Maria Madalena Rocha Pereira, José Mendes Lucas and Isabel Maria Gonçalves Trindade

Considering that the human body is undeniable a fashion space, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of design and material choice in the relationship…

Abstract

Purpose

Considering that the human body is undeniable a fashion space, the purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of design and material choice in the relationship between clothing and accessories, namely, bags, for the fashion consumer.

Design/methodology/approach

Initially the paper provides a historical framing of the use of materials in bags and its relation with clothing. Then, are described the characteristics of materials and how the human body relates to them, specifically how the sense of touch plays a decisive role in materials choice. Thus a natural fiber-based fabric as wool fabric is presented as a choice for some brands in the development of fashion accessories.

Findings

It was found that there are an immense variety of materials that can be used in bags creation, and the use of them has changed over the years, influenced by social and economic conditions, fashion trends, and by technology evolutions in the production of fibers and composites. Taking in consideration that there is a long history of use of woven fabrics with natural fibers and a growing demand for sustainable and organic products, the use of wool natural fabrics in the production of bags were presented as a following road to the fashion industry.

Originality/value

Since the relationship between materials used in apparel and fashion accessories is an area barely documented, this paper contributes to underline the possibility to exceed conventional design barriers and develop innovative and creative wool products pleasant for the human body as a fashion space.

Details

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-2026

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1976

R.J. Ellis

The author of this paper was concerned in predicting the retail structure of accessories in the motor trade. In this research the fundamental importance of innovations was…

Abstract

The author of this paper was concerned in predicting the retail structure of accessories in the motor trade. In this research the fundamental importance of innovations was recognised and a discussion of the relevant theory is given in the first part of the paper. In the context of adoption of motor accessory shops by garages a theory of innovations in retailing is developed together with an example of its application in practice. It is further suggested that the content of this paper may assist in the development and refinement of institutional change in retailing and possibly in commerce as a whole.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0020-7527

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Article
Publication date: 14 March 2016

Fajer Saleh Al-Mutawa

The purpose of this paper is to explore how Muslim men in Kuwait negotiate their luxury fashion consumption (considered a feminized practice in Kuwait) without…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how Muslim men in Kuwait negotiate their luxury fashion consumption (considered a feminized practice in Kuwait) without compromising their masculine identity.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were collected through 108 qualitative questionnaires and two unstructured in-depth interviews. Non-participant observations and informal conversations took place as part of an ongoing ethnographic study on luxury fashion consumption in Kuwait.

Findings

Within the feminized space of fashion, accessories (such as shoes, wallets, watches, sunglasses, etc.) seem to allow Muslim men an androgynous space (consumer constructions of gendered spaces to be equally masculine and feminine) to be fashionable yet maintain a masculine identity.

Research limitations/implications

Further research may explore the negotiation of androgyny among men who consume luxury fashion clothing or conspicuously feminized fashion (such as jewellery and handbags) in highly gendered societies. Limitations include reliance on questionnaire data (lacks depth insights) and narrow consumer (Muslim men in Kuwait).

Practical implications

Marketers of luxury fashion brands in Kuwait should focus on fashion accessories when targeting males. Advertising needs to shift gender perceptions of traditionally feminine fashion (such as handbags or jewellery) towards androgyny to attract male consumers. Religiosity of consumers is an important segmentation basis, and Muslim men who are less religious may be more open towards fashion consumption.

Originality/value

This research proposes the notion of androgynous spaces, contributing to gender within marketing theory and practice.

Details

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-2026

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2006

Wah‐Leung Cheung and Gerard Prendergast

To investigate buyer attitudes and behaviour with respect to pirated products, in China, and to present findings potentially usable as the basis for planning effective…

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate buyer attitudes and behaviour with respect to pirated products, in China, and to present findings potentially usable as the basis for planning effective marketing strategies to counteract this endemic competitive threat facing multinational entrants to the crucial Chinese market.

Design/methodology/approach

Existing knowledge in the published literature was combined with inputs from focus groups in three cities to design and administer a questionnaire‐based “mall intercept” survey in the same locations. Data were analysed and interpreted by means of principal component analysis and varimax rotation. Respondents were classified as heavy or light purchasers of pirated products, on criteria derived from the focus‐group and survey findings.

Findings

Responses from 1,152 buyers of two categories of pirated product suggest that tertiary‐educated males in white collar occupations are heavy purchasers of pirated video discs, attracted by their speed of publication, variety and supply. Heavy and light buyers of pirated clothing and accessories has similar demographic and attitudinal profiles, and were mainly attracted by the appearance of the product. Both product categories were rated less positively on their ethical and legal dimensions, and on after‐sales service.

Research limitations/implications

Though the research sample was large and carefully controlled, the three cities in which data were collected, though chosen for their distinctive characteristics, cannot be considered representative collectively of the whole of China. Caution is, therefore, required in drawing general conclusions. Directions are suggested for future research studies.

Practical implications

The findings provide useful marketing intelligence on an important phenomenon, and further suggest a number of strategies and tactics available to planners concerned to counter erosion of their market share in China by the producers and distributors of pirated products.

Originality/value

Adds a fieldwork‐based dimension to the body of knowledge about a serious challenge facing multinational marketers operating in the self‐evidently crucial Chinese consumer market.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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