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1 – 10 of over 2000
Article
Publication date: 11 February 2021

Yongxing Guo, Min Chen, Li Xiong, Xinglin Zhou and Cong Li

The purpose of this study is to present the state of the art for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to present the state of the art for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension and the principle of the sensing configuration. Some commercial sensors have also been introduced and future work in this field has also been discussed. This paper could provide an important reference for the research community.

Design/methodology/approach

This review is to present the state of the art for FBG acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension (one-dimension and multi-dimension) and the principle of the sensing configuration (beam type, radial vibration type, axial vibration type and other composite structures).

Findings

The current research on developing FBG acceleration sensors is mainly focused on the sensing method, the construction and design of the elastic structure and the design of a new information detection method. This paper hypothesizes that in the future, the following research trends will be strengthened: common single-mode fiber grating of the low cost and high utilization rate; high sensitivity and strength special fiber grating; multi-core fiber grating for measuring single-parameter multi-dimensional information or multi-parameter information; demodulating equipment of low cost, small volume and high sampling frequency.

Originality/value

The principle of the measurement dimension and principle of the sensing configuration for FBG acceleration sensors have been introduced, which could provide an important reference for the research community.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 November 2021

Zhongchao Qiu, Ruwang Mu, Yuzi Zhang, Yanan Li, Yuntian Teng and Li Hong

This study aims to solve the problem of temperature cross sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating in structural health monitoring, proposing a novel acceleration sensor based…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to solve the problem of temperature cross sensitivity of fiber Bragg grating in structural health monitoring, proposing a novel acceleration sensor based on strain chirp effect which is insensitive to temperature.

Design/methodology/approach

A kind of M-shaped double cantilever beam structure is developed. The fiber grating is pasted in the gradient strain region of the beam, and the chirp effect is produced under the action of non-uniform stress, and then the change of acceleration is converted into the change of reflection bandwidth to demodulate and eliminate the temperature interference. Through theoretical analysis, simulation and experimental verification with rectangular beam sensor.

Findings

The results show that the sinusoidal curvature beam sensor is insensitive to the change of temperature and is more likely to produce chirp effect. The sensitivity is about 317 pm/g, and the natural frequency is 56 Hz.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an insensitive to temperature changes sensor which has effectively solved the temperature cross-sensitivity problem in building structure health monitoring.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 42 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 April 2022

Li Hong, Yewei Wang, Zhongchao Qiu, Jianxian Cai, Zhenjing Yao and Zhitao Gao

The purpose of this paper is to solve the problem of weak low-frequency vibration measurement capability of FBG accelerometer, and propose a FBG accelerometer based on cross reed.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to solve the problem of weak low-frequency vibration measurement capability of FBG accelerometer, and propose a FBG accelerometer based on cross reed.

Design/methodology/approach

This study proposed a new type FBG acceleration sensor based on cross reeds. When the sensor vibrates, the mass block in the new structure rotates around the center of the cross reeds, which could eliminate the impact of friction, reduce the natural frequency of the sensor and improve its sensitivity. This study theoretically analyzed the impact of several structural parameters on the sensitivity and natural frequency of the proposed sensor and used COMSOL to perform static stress analysis and modal simulation; in this study, a test system was built to test the performance of the proposed sensor.

Findings

The test results revealed that the proposed sensor had a natural frequency of 94 Hz; within a low-frequency range of 1–65 Hz, its sensitivity response was flat, the dynamic range was 81.89 dB, the sensitivity was 243.59 pm/g and the linearity was 99.97%. The cross reeds effectively strengthened the structural stability, the relative standard deviation of the repeatability of the sensor was 0.89% and the transverse crosstalk in the working frequency band was −26.97 dB.

Originality/value

This study innovatively proposes the structure of the two symmetrical cross reeds, which can improve sensitivity by eliminating the influence of friction, and the structure of cross reeds can effectively suppress the influence of lateral crosstalk. The proposed sensor can realize real-time accurate measurement of low-frequency weak vibration signals.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 42 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 March 2010

Chen Mei

The purpose of this paper is to develop a capacitance vehicle weighing device. The key part of this device is the capacitance vehicle weighing sensor. This paper discusses…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a capacitance vehicle weighing device. The key part of this device is the capacitance vehicle weighing sensor. This paper discusses the static and dynamic performance test of capacitance vehicle weighing sensor with emphasis, and provides theoretical analysis, in order to provide the tests and theoretical basis for the popularization and application of the vehicle weighing device.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper gives an introduction to the weighing sensor in respects of the structure design and measuring principles, with the emphasis on the static and dynamic performance of the testing processes. Then, the paper provides the corresponding testing processes and data with theoretical analysis.

Findings

This weighing sensor can be applied to static as well as dynamic tests thus the capacitance vehicle weighing device is practical and worthy of promotion and popularization.

Originality/value

The capacitance vehicle weighing device is characterized by its simple structure, simple measuring circuits, strong reliability in anti‐interference, small size and low cost. The static performance is of little repetitive error, and the use of software may efficiently solve the problems of non‐linearity and hysteresis. In dynamic measurement, the speed, acceleration and vibration of the vehicle produce little effect on the result, which can be neglected, thus being able to overcome the disadvantages of the traditional weighing method which is of low speed and great errors.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2012

Liu Yan, Zhao Yulong and Lu Sun

The purpose of this paper is to provide an improved structural design for accelerometers based on cantilever beam‐mass structure and offer the descriptions of sensor

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an improved structural design for accelerometers based on cantilever beam‐mass structure and offer the descriptions of sensor fabrication, packaging and experiments.

Design/methodology/approach

The cantilever beam‐membrane (CB‐membrane) structure is designed as the sensing element for piezoresistive accelerometers. In the CB‐membrane structure, a cantilever beam and two identical membranes as a whole part supports the proof mass. Four piezoresistors are distributed on the surface of the cantilever beam to form a Wheatstone bridge. Finite element method is used to carry out the structural analysis and determine the sensor dimensions. The sensor chip is fabricated by bulk micro‐machining technique, packaged in dual‐in‐line (DIP) way and tested.

Findings

Compared with the conventional cantilever beam‐mass (CB‐mass) structure, the CB‐membrane structure can improve the sensor's performances, including response frequency, output linearity and cross‐axis sensitivity. The results of simulation and experiments prove that the CB‐membrane accelerometer has good performances.

Research limitations/implications

The accelerometer is simply packaged and the zero offset voltage has not been compensated. Moreover, the measured response frequency is lower than the simulated value. Further work and study are needed to solve these problems.

Originality/value

The accelerometer with CB‐membrane structure has good performances as the static and dynamic experiments show and is suitable to detect the spindle vibration of the machine tools.

Article
Publication date: 5 December 2017

Yang Zi Kang, Chi Feng, Liang Zhi Liu, Shan Gao and Yan Cang

Hydroelectric power is widely used because it is environmental friendly, renewable and green. The cavitation is an inevitable phenomenon during the operation of hydro…

Abstract

Purpose

Hydroelectric power is widely used because it is environmental friendly, renewable and green. The cavitation is an inevitable phenomenon during the operation of hydro turbine, which is related to the efficiency and service life of the unit. This paper aims to discriminate the phenomenon of the incipient cavitation, prevent the early destruction and avoid the irreversible damage to hydro turbine.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper tries to find out the characteristics of cavitation entirely through a variety of features. The method comprises collection of the signals using a hydrophone, acceleration sensor and acoustic emission sensor; analyzing cavitation signal by using the way of wavelet time-frequency, peak factor and power spectral density; and comparing the different wavelet basis for analyzing signals and find the most suitable one.

Findings

The analyzed results show that the wavelet basis of morlet is more suitable for the cavitation signals. The hydrophone can distinguish the different operating conditions and discriminate the difference between the phenomenon of incipient cavitation and the other state of cavitation. The results show that when the hydrophone and acceleration sensors are used, the accuracy rate goes up to 75 per cent, which meets the requirements for the detection for incipient cavitation.

Originality/value

This paper focuses on finding the best sensor to discriminate the operating state of incipient cavitation to prevent early destruction.

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 28 December 2020

Qinjie Yang, Guozhe Shen, Chao Liu, Zheng Wang, Kai Zheng and Rencheng Zheng

Steer-by-wire (SBW) system mainly relies on sensors, controllers and motors to replace the traditionally mechanical transmission mechanism to realize steering functions…

Abstract

Purpose

Steer-by-wire (SBW) system mainly relies on sensors, controllers and motors to replace the traditionally mechanical transmission mechanism to realize steering functions. However, the sensors in the SBW system are particularly vulnerable to external influences, which can cause systemic faults, leading to poor steering performance and even system instability. Therefore, this paper aims to adopt a fault-tolerant control method to solve the safety problem of the SBW system caused by sensors failure.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper proposes an active fault-tolerant control framework to deal with sensors failure in the SBW system by hierarchically introducing fault observer, fault estimator, fault reconstructor. Firstly, the fault observer is used to obtain the observation output of the SBW system and then obtain the residual between the observation output and the SBW system output. And then judge whether the SBW system fails according to the residual. Secondly, dependent on the residual obtained by the fault observer, a fault estimator is designed using bounded real lemma and regional pole configuration to estimate the amplitude and time-varying characteristics of the faulty sensor. Eventually, a fault reconstructor is designed based on the estimation value of sensors fault obtained by the fault estimator and SBW system output to tolerate the faulty sensor.

Findings

The numerical analysis shows that the fault observer can be rapidly activated to detect the fault while the sensors fault occurs. Moreover, the estimation accuracy of the fault estimator can reach to 98%, and the fault reconstructor can make the faulty SBW system to retain the steering characteristics, comparing to those of the fault-free SBW system. In addition, it was verified for the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control framework.

Research limitations/implications

As the SBW fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant control in this paper only carry out numerical simulation research on sensors faults in matrix and laboratory/Simulink, the subsequent hardware in the loop test is needed for further verification.

Originality/value

Aiming at the SBW system with parameter perturbation and sensors failure, this paper proposes an active fault-tolerant control framework, which integrates fault observer, fault estimator and fault reconstructor so that the steering performance of SBW system with sensors faults is basically consistent with that of the fault-free SBW system.

Details

Journal of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-9802

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 June 2015

Yan Liu, Hai Wang, Hongbo Qin and Yongqiang Xie

– This paper aims to provide a focused review on the geometrical designs for performance enhancement of piezoresistive microaccelerometers.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a focused review on the geometrical designs for performance enhancement of piezoresistive microaccelerometers.

Design/methodology/approach

By analyzing working principle and conventional geometries, the improved research proposals are sorted into three groups in terms of their anticipated objectives, including sensitivity, resonant frequency and cross-axis sensitivity. Accessible methods are outlined and their merits and demerits are described.

Findings

Novel geometries obviously enhance the performance of accelerometers, and the efficacy can be further elevated by newer materials and fabrication processes.

Research limitations/implications

This paper mainly focused on the improved geometrical designs for sensitivity, resonant frequency and cross-axis sensitivity. Other performance parameters or design schemes are not included in this paper.

Originality/value

This paper generalizes the available geometries and methods for the enhancement of sensitivity, resonant frequency and cross-axis sensitivity in piezoresistive accelerometers design.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

80

Abstract

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2022

Rong Wang, Jin Wu, Chong Li, Shengbo Qi, Xiangrui Meng, Xinning Wang and Chengxi Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to propose a high-precision attitude solution to solve the attitude drift problem caused by the dispersion of low-cost…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a high-precision attitude solution to solve the attitude drift problem caused by the dispersion of low-cost micro-electro-mechanical system devices in strap-down inertial navigation attitude solution of micro-quadrotor.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, a three-stage attitude estimation scheme that combines data preprocessing, gyro drifts prediction and enhanced unscented Kalman filtering (UKF) is proposed. By introducing a preprocessing model, the quaternion orientation is calculated as the composition of two algebraic quaternions, and the decoupling feature of the two quaternions makes the roll and pitch components independent of magnetic interference. A novel real-time based on differential value (DV) estimation algorithm is proposed for gyro drift. This novel solution prevents the impact of quartic characteristics and uses the iterative method to meet the requirement of real-time applications. A novel attitude determination algorithm, the pre-process DV-UKF algorithm, is proposed in combination with UKF based on the above solution and its characteristics.

Findings

Compared to UKF, both simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the pre-process DV-UKF algorithm has higher reliability in attitude determination. The dynamic errors in the three directions of the attitude are below 2.0°, the static errors are all less than 0.2° and the absolute attitude errors tailored by average are about 47.98% compared to the UKF.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to achieve high-precision attitude estimation when using low-cost inertial devices in micro-quadrotor. The accuracy of the pre-process DV-UKF algorithm is superior to other products in the market.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 94 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 2000