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Article
Publication date: 30 April 2020

Zehba Raizah, Mitsuteru Asai and Abdelraheem M. Aly

The purpose of this study is to apply the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate the natural convection flow from an inner heated Y-fin…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to apply the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate the natural convection flow from an inner heated Y-fin inside Y-shaped enclosure filled with nanofluid.

Design/methodology/approach

The dimensionless governing partial differential equations are described in the Lagrangian form and solved by an implicit scheme of the ISPH method. The embedded Y-fin is kept at a high temperature Th with variable heights during the simulations. The lower area of Y-shaped enclosure is squared with width L = 1 m and its side-walls are kept at a low temperature Tc. The upper area of the Y-shaped enclosure is V-shaped with width 0.5 L for each side and its walls are adiabatic.

Findings

The performed simulations revealed that the height of the inner heated Y-fin plays an important role in the heat transfer and fluid flow inside the Y-shaped enclosure, where it enhances the heat transfer. Rayleigh number augments the buoyancy force inside the Y-shaped enclosure and, consequently, it has a strong impact on temperature distributions and strength of the fluid flow inside Y-shaped enclosure. Adding more concentration of the nanofluid until 10% has a slight effect on the temperature distributions and it reduces the strength of the fluid flow inside Y-shaped enclosure. In addition, the average Nusselt number is measured along the inner heated Y-fin and it grows as the Rayleigh number increases. The average Nusselt number is decreasing by adding more concentrations of the nanofluid.

Originality/value

An improved ISPH method is used to simulate the natural convection flow of Y-fin embedded in the Y-shaped enclosure filled with a nanofluid.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 July 2019

Abdelraheem M. Aly, Zehba Raizah and Mitsuteru Asai

This study aims to focus on the numerical simulation of natural convection from heated novel fin shapes in a cavity filled with nanofluid and saturated with a partial…

135

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to focus on the numerical simulation of natural convection from heated novel fin shapes in a cavity filled with nanofluid and saturated with a partial layer of porous medium using improved incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method.

Design/methodology/approach

The dimensionless of Lagrangian description for the governing equations were numerically solved using improved ISPH method. The current ISPH method was improved in term of wall boundary treatment by using renormalization kernel function. The effects of different novel heated (Tree, T, H, V, and Z) fin shapes, Rayleigh number Ra(103 – 106 ), porous height Hp (0.2-0.6), Darcy parameter Da(10−5 − 10−1 ) and solid volume fraction ϕ(0.0-0.05) on the heat transfer of nanofluid have been investigated.

Findings

The results showed that the variation on the heated novel fin shapes gives a suitable choice for enhancement heat transfer inside multi-layer porous cavity. Among all fin shapes, the H-fin shape causes the maximum stream function and Z-fin shape causes the highest value of average Nusselt number. The concentrations of the fluid flows in the nanofluid region depend on the Rayleigh and Darcy parameters. In addition, the penetrations of the fluid flows through porous layers are affected by porous heights and Darcy parameter.

Originality/value

Natural convection from novel heated fins in a cavity filled with nanofluid and saturated with a partial layer of porous medium have been investigated numerically using improved ISPH method.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Minh Tuan Nguyen, Abdelraheem M. Aly and Sang-Wook Lee

This paper aims to conduct numerical simulations of unsteady natural/mixed convection in a cavity with fixed and moving rigid bodies and different boundary conditions…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to conduct numerical simulations of unsteady natural/mixed convection in a cavity with fixed and moving rigid bodies and different boundary conditions using the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method.

Design/methodology/approach

In the ISPH method, the pressure evaluation is stabilized by including both of divergence of velocity and density invariance in solving pressure Poisson equation. The authors prevented the particles anisotropic distributions by using the shifting technique.

Findings

The proposed ISPH method exhibited good performance in natural/mixed convection in a cavity with fixed, moving and free-falling rigid body. In natural convection, the authors investigated the effects of an inner sloshing baffle as well as fixed and moving circular cylinders on the heat transfer and fluid flow. The heated baffle has higher effects on the heat transfer rate compared to a cooled baffle. In the mixed convection, a free-falling circular cylinder over a free surface cavity and heat transfer in the presence of a circular cylinder in a lid-driven cavity are simulated. Fixed or moving rigid body in a cavity results in considerable effects on the heat transfer rate and fluid flow.

Originality/value

The authors conducted numerical simulations of unsteady natural/mixed convection in a cavity with fixed and moving rigid bodies and different boundary conditions using the ISPH method.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 August 2021

Zehba Raizah and Abdelraheem M. Aly

The purpose of this paper is to perform numerical simulations based on the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method for thermo-diffusion convection in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to perform numerical simulations based on the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method for thermo-diffusion convection in a hexagonal-shaped cavity saturated by a porous medium and suspended by a nano-encapsulated phase change material (NEPCM). Here, the solid particles are inserted into a phase change material to enhance its thermal performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Superellipse rotated shapes with variable lengths are embedded inside a hexagonal-shaped cavity. These inner shapes are rotated around their center by a uniform circular velocity and their conditions are positioned at high temperature and concentration. The controlling equations in a non-dimensional form were analyzed by using the ISPH method. At first, the validation of the ISPH results is performed. Afterward, the implications of a fusion temperature, lengths/types of the superellipse shapes, nanoparticles parameter and time parameter on the phase change heat transfer, isotherms, isoconcentration and streamlines were addressed.

Findings

The achieved simulations indicated that the excess in the length of an inner superellipse shape augments the temperature, concentration and maximum of the streamlines in a hexagonal-shaped cavity. The largest values of mean Nusselt number are attained at the inner rhombus shape with convex (n = 1.5) and the largest values of mean Sherwood number are attained at the inner rectangle shape with rounded corners (n = 4).

Originality/value

The ISPH method is developed to emulate the influences of the uniform rotation of the novel geometry shapes on heat/mass transport inside a hexagonal-shaped cavity suspended by NEPCM and saturated by porous media.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 June 2021

Abdelraheem M. Aly and Zehba Raizah

The purpose of this study is to apply an incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection flow of a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to apply an incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection flow of a nanofluid in a porous cavity containing rotating hexagonal and two circular cylinders under the impacts of Soret and Dufour numbers.

Design/methodology/approach

The inner shapes are rotating around a cavity center by a uniform circular motion at angular rate ω. An inner hexagonal shape has higher temperature Th and concentration Ch than the inner two circular cylinders in which the temperature is Tc and concentration is Cc. The performed numerical simulations are presented in terms of the streamlines, isotherms and isoconcentration as well as the profiles of average Nusselt and Sherwood numbers.

Findings

The results indicated that the uniform motions of inner shapes are changing the characteristics of the fluid flow, temperature and concentration inside a cavity. An augmentation on a Hartman parameter slows down the flow speed and an inclination angle of a magnetic field raises the flow speed. A rise in the Soret number accompanied by a reduction in the Dufour number lead to a growth in the concentration distribution in a cavity.

Originality/value

ISPH method is used to simulate the double-diffusive convection of novel rotating shapes in a porous cavity. The inner novel shapes are rotating hexagonal and two circular cylinders.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2020

Abdelraheem M. Aly

The purpose of this study is to simulate the natural convection of a heated square shape embedded in a circular enclosure filled with nanofluid using an incompressible…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to simulate the natural convection of a heated square shape embedded in a circular enclosure filled with nanofluid using an incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method.

Design/methodology/approach

In the ISPH method, the evaluated pressure was stabilized by using a modified source term in solving the pressure Poisson equation. The divergence of the velocity was corrected, and the dummy particles were used to treat the rigid boundary. Dummy wall particles were initially settled in outer layers of the circular enclosure for preventing particle penetration and reducing the error of truncated kernel. The circular enclosure was partially filled with a porous medium near to the outer region. The single-phase model was used for the nanofluid, and the Brinkman–Forchheimer-extended Darcy model was used for the porous medium. Dummy wall particles were initially settled in outer layers of circular enclosure for preventing particle penetration and reducing error from the truncated kernel on the boundary.

Findings

The length of the inner square shape plays an important role in enhancing the heat transfer and reducing the fluid flow inside a circular enclosure. The porous layer represents a resistance force for the fluid flow and heat transfer, and, consequently, the velocity field and temperature distributions are reduced at the outer region of the circular cylinder. Then, the radius of the inner square shape, Darcy parameter and radius of the porous layer were considered the main factors for controlling the fluid flow and heat transfer inside a circular enclosure. The average Nusselt number decreases as the inner square length, radius of the porous layer and solid volume fraction increase.

Originality/value

The stabilized ISPH method is corrected for simulating the natural convection from an inner hot square inside a nanofluid-filled circular enclosure saturated with a partial layer of a porous medium.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 March 2021

Abdelraheem M. Aly and Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed

This study aims to illustrate the impacts of the motion of circular cylinders on the natural convection flow from variable heated partitions inside the X-shaped cavity…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to illustrate the impacts of the motion of circular cylinders on the natural convection flow from variable heated partitions inside the X-shaped cavity filled with Al2O3-water nanofluid. A partial layer of a homogeneous/heterogeneous porous medium is located in the top area of the X-shaped cavity.

Design/methodology/approach

Three different cases of the porous media including homogeneous, horizontal heterogeneous and vertical heterogeneous porous media were considered. Three different thermal conditions of the embedded circular cylinders including hot, cold and adiabatic conditions are investigated. An incompressible scheme of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method is modified to compute the non-linear partial differential equations of the current problem. Two variable lengths of the left and right sides of the X-shaped cavity have a high-temperature Th and a low-temperature Tc, respectively. The other wall parts are adiabatic. The numerical simulations are elucidating the dependence of the heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics on lengths of hot/cold source Lh, porous cases, Darcy parameter, thermal conditions of the embedded circular cylinders and solid volume fraction.

Findings

Overall, an increment in length of hot/cold source leads to augmentation on the temperature distributions and flow intensity inside the X-shaped cavity. The hot thermal condition of the circular cylinder augments the temperature distributions. The homogeneous porous medium slows down the flow speed in the top porous layer of the X-shaped cavity. The average Nusselt number decreases as Lh increases.

Originality/value

ISPH method simulated the motion of circular cylinders in the X-shaped cavity. The X-shaped cavity is saturated with a partial layer porous medium. It is found that an increase in hot source length augments the temperature and fluid flow. ISPH method can easily handle the motion of cylinders in the X-shaped cavity. Different thermal conditions of cylinders can change the temperature distributions in X-cavity.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 February 2021

Abdelraheem M. Aly and Zehba Raizah

The purpose of this study is to simulate the thermo-solutal convection resulting from a circular cylinder hanging in a rod inside a ∧-shaped cavity.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to simulate the thermo-solutal convection resulting from a circular cylinder hanging in a rod inside a ∧-shaped cavity.

Design/methodology/approach

The two dimensional ∧-shaped cavity is filled by Al2O3-water nanofluid and saturated by three different levels of heterogeneous porous media. An incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method is adopted to solve the governing equations of the present problem. The present simulations have been performed for the alteration of buoyancy ratio (2N2), radius of a circular cylinder (0.05Rc0.3), a height of a rod (0.1Lh0.4), Darcy parameter (103Da105), Lewis number (1Le40), solid volume fraction (0ϕ0.06), porous levels (0η1=η21.5)and various boundary-wall conditions.

Findings

The performed numerical simulations indicated the importance of embedded shapes on the distributions of temperature, concentration and velocity fields inside ∧-shaped cavity. Increasing buoyancy ratio parameter enhances thermo-solutal convection and nanofluid velocity. Adiabatic conditions of the vertical-walls of ∧-shaped cavity augment the distributions of the temperature and concentration. Regardless the Darcy parameter, a homogeneous porous medium gives the lowest values of a nanofluid velocity.

Originality/value

ISPH method is used to simulate thermo-solutal convection of a nanofluid inside a novel ∧-shaped cavity containing a novel embedded shape and heterogeneous porous media.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 August 2019

Abdelraheem M. Aly

This paper aims to adopt incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate MHD double-diffusive natural convection in a cavity containing an…

118

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to adopt incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method to simulate MHD double-diffusive natural convection in a cavity containing an oscillating pipe and filled with nanofluid.

Design/methodology/approach

The Lagrangian description of the governing partial differential equations are solved numerically using improved ISPH method. The inner oscillating pipe is divided into two different pipes as an open and a closed pipe. The sidewalls of the cavity are cooled with a lower concentration C_c and the horizontal walls are adiabatic. The inner pipe is heated with higher concentration C_h. The analysis has been conducted for the two different cases of inner oscillating pipes under the effects of wide range of governing parameters.

Findings

It is found that a suitable oscillating pipe makes a well convective transport inside a cavity. Presence of the oscillating pipe has effects on the heat and mass transfer and fluid intensity inside a cavity. Hartman parameter suppresses the velocity and weakens the maximum values of the stream function. An increase on Hartman, Lewis and solid volume fraction parameters leads to an increase on average Nusselt number on an oscillating pipe and left cavity wall. Average Sherwood number on an oscillating pipe and left cavity wall decreases as Hartman parameter increases.

Originality/value

The main objective of this work is to study the MHD double-diffusive natural convection of a nanofluid in a square cavity containing an oscillating pipe using improved ISPH method.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Mahmoud M. El-Gendi and Abdelraheem M. Aly

Boussinesq approximation is widely used in solving natural convection problems, but it has severe practical limitations. Using Boussinesq approximation, the temperature…

Abstract

Purpose

Boussinesq approximation is widely used in solving natural convection problems, but it has severe practical limitations. Using Boussinesq approximation, the temperature difference should be less than 28.6 K. The purpose of this study is to get rid of Boussinesq approximation and simulates the natural convection problems using an unsteady compressible Navier-Stokes solver. The gravity force is included in the source term. Three temperature differences are used namely 20 K, 700 K and 2000 K.

Design/methodology/approach

The calculations are carried out on the square and sinusoidal cavities. The results of low temperature difference have good agreement with the experimental and previous calculated data. It is found that, the high temperature difference has a significant effect on the density.

Findings

Due to mass conservation, the density variation affects the velocity distribution and its symmetry. On the other hand, the density variation has a negligible effect on the temperature distribution.

Originality/value

The present calculation method has no limitations but its convergence is slow. The current study can be used in fluid flow simulations for nuclear power applications in natural convection flows subjected to large temperature differences.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 27 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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