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Aadhaar card is an innovative step taken by the Government of India to facilitate smooth functioning of government welfare programs among the needy citizens of this…
Aadhaar card is an innovative step taken by the Government of India to facilitate smooth functioning of government welfare programs among the needy citizens of this country. This chapter deals about the Aadhaar Project of the Central Government, its features, its impact on the welfare schemes of government, etc. Second, it also deals with the challenges and loopholes associated with the Aadhaar scheme which eventually led to the case of Justice K. S. Puttaswamy and Another v. Union of India [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 494 of 2012]. At last, the chapter deals with the potential challenges which the Aadhaar scheme may face even after it has been declared constitutional by the Apex Court in the case of Justice K. S. Puttaswamy and Another v. Union of India [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 494 of 2012].
The purpose of the paper is to understand the interlinkage with financial inclusion and how it interacts with biometric identification. To investigate this in detail, the…
The purpose of the paper is to understand the interlinkage with financial inclusion and how it interacts with biometric identification. To investigate this in detail, the authors employ household-level data on India to examine the interlinkage among Prime Minister Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) account, Aadhaar card and mobile telephony.
Given the survey data, the authors employ 3 stage least squares (3SLS) methodology to explore the association among these key variables, while controlling for other household, district and economy-wide factors.
The findings provide strong evidence of complementarity among these variables, with each tending to reinforce the other. This complementarity is reflected primarily in respect of PMJDY and Aadhaar, but much less so with regard to mobile telephony. Additionally, this complementarity is manifest more prominently in the long run, although it is much less so in the short run.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is one of the earliest studies for India to systematically examine the Jan-Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile (JAM) trinity.
While the potential of information and communication technology (ICT) for poverty reduction is widely recognised, limited knowledge exists on its use in the social…
While the potential of information and communication technology (ICT) for poverty reduction is widely recognised, limited knowledge exists on its use in the social protection schemes devised for the world’s poor. Drawing on the institutionalist vision of IS development and organisational change put forward by Avgerou (2000), the authors propose that computerisation of these schemes entails two processes, namely, the progressive affirmation of ICT innovation and a shift in the programmes' organisational structure, which moves from a subsidy-based model to one grounded on direct cash transfers. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how the role of ICT in anti-poverty schemes results from concomitance of such processes.
The paper draws on a study of the public distribution system (PDS), the main food security scheme in India, as it is being computerised in the state of Karnataka. Following an interpretive case study methodology, it investigates the ongoing computerisation of the Karnataka PDS through a combination of back-end and front-end technologies, based on biometric recognition of the programme’s users.
The data reveal that transformation of the PDS results from the simultaneous processes of institutionalisation of ICT innovation and deinstitutionalisation of the extant state-led subsidy scheme, in favour of a leaner social protection system centred on cash transfers to beneficiaries. This illustrates the point that ICT innovation is intertwined with the decline of an extant social welfare structure and the rise of a new one, based on the direct transfer of benefits.
The paper offers a new theoretical perspective to illuminate the computerisation of anti-poverty programmes, a phenomenon that affects the entitlements of millions of poor people on a global scale. In parallel, it draws practical implications for countries embarking on the digitalisation of their social protection schemes.
Supreme Court's verdict on the fundamental right to privacy.
The case recounts a significant attempt at social transformation through a simple mechanism of providing cooking gas to the marginalised in society. Targeting about 100…
The case recounts a significant attempt at social transformation through a simple mechanism of providing cooking gas to the marginalised in society. Targeting about 100 million households in India that still use dung cakes, firewood and coal as the primary fuel for cooking, the government conceived the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana1 (PMUY) to replace these traditional fuels with liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a clean fuel. The government increased the initial target of providing 50 million below poverty line (BPL) families with LPG at the time of scheme launch on May 1, 2016, to 80 million by 2019–20. The scheme had already covered more than 30 million families by January 2018.
INDIA: Ruling on ID scheme may not ease security fears