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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1976

JOHN BRADY

A great deal of research into teacher morale has been carried out in the United States and in Australia, particularly N.S.W. Little if any research into teacher morale has…

Abstract

A great deal of research into teacher morale has been carried out in the United States and in Australia, particularly N.S.W. Little if any research into teacher morale has been carried out in England and so the writer, who was visiting the country, decided to administer a questionnaire to a sample of state secondary schools. The purpose of the investigation was twofold: to demonstrate the practicality of undertaking further research and to decide if the instrument in its present form was sufficiently sensitive to measure the morale of English school teachers. For these reasons, the research had to be considered a pilot study. The questionnaire was administered to three English state secondary schools with an 88 percent response from the teachers. The data collected were analysed and some tentative conclusions were reached. The main findings were that, in its present form, the instrument was not suitable to measure teacher morale in England, that there was a need for future research into teacher morale and that older teachers apparently displayed higher morale than younger teachers.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1989

B. Proctor and A. Ditton

Examines how counselling can be useful in terms of the contributionit can make to organisational and individual development. Considers thereasons why counselling should be…

Abstract

Examines how counselling can be useful in terms of the contribution it can make to organisational and individual development. Considers the reasons why counselling should be more central to organisational activity – stress, change, and career shifts – as well as generic qualities of counselling, and ways of making counselling more accessible. Surmises that counselling reduces absenteeism and improves morale and motivation, to the financial benefit of the company.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

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Article
Publication date: 21 September 2015

Ann Dadich, Liz Fulop, Mary Ditton, Steven Campbell, Joanne Curry, Kathy Eljiz, Anneke Fitzgerald, Kathryn J. Hayes, Carmel Herington, Godfrey Isouard, Leila Karimi and Anne Smyth

Positive organizational scholarship in healthcare (POSH) suggests that, to promote widespread improvement within health services, focusing on the good, the excellent, and…

Abstract

Purpose

Positive organizational scholarship in healthcare (POSH) suggests that, to promote widespread improvement within health services, focusing on the good, the excellent, and the brilliant is as important as conventional approaches that focus on the negative, the problems, and the failures. POSH offers different opportunities to learn from and build resilient cultures of safety, innovation, and change. It is not separate from tried and tested approaches to health service improvement – but rather, it approaches this improvement differently. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

POSH, appreciative inquiry (AI) and reflective practice were used to inform an exploratory investigation of what is good, excellent, or brilliant health service management.

Findings

The researchers identified new characteristics of good healthcare and what it might take to have brilliant health service management, elucidated and refined POSH, and identified research opportunities that hold potential value for consumers, practitioners, and policymakers.

Research limitations/implications

The secondary data used in this study offered limited contextual information.

Practical implications

This approach is a platform from which to: identify, investigate, and learn about brilliant health service management; and inform theory and practice.

Social implications

POSH can help to reveal what consumers and practitioners value about health services and how they prefer to engage with these services.

Originality/value

Using POSH, this paper examines what consumers and practitioners value about health services; it also illustrates how brilliance can be theorized into health service management research and practice.

Details

Journal of Health Organization and Management, vol. 29 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7266

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1945

The following are portions of a paper, bearing the title as above, which was read before the Royal Society of Arts on April 18th, 1945, by Sir Edward V. Appleton, LL.D.…

Abstract

The following are portions of a paper, bearing the title as above, which was read before the Royal Society of Arts on April 18th, 1945, by Sir Edward V. Appleton, LL.D., F.R.S., the Secretary of the Department; Sir Henry Dale, P.R.S., presiding.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 47 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 31 May 2013

Rhiannon Santos‐Lewis and Miguel Moital

The purpose of this paper is to examine the constraints to attend salsa events and festivals across salsa dancing specialization segments.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the constraints to attend salsa events and festivals across salsa dancing specialization segments.

Design/methodology/approach

In‐depth interviews with salsa dancers from three salsa specialization levels were carried out.

Findings

Specialization level acted as a predictor of salsa event attendance and there appears to be an event career associated to progress in salsa dancing specialisation, which eventually branched out to a tourist career. Moreover, there was a relationship between the types of constraints and recreation specialisation level, with participants negotiating constraints frequently in order to ensure event attendance.

Research limitations/implications

The interviews were carried out on participants in a mid‐size town in southern England, where the range of competing leisure activities is limited. In addition, the study focused on one recreational activity and one type of event.

Practical implications

Several implications for the marketing of events and festivals can be drawn. First, marketers of salsa events should tie closely with providers of salsa classes and marketers of salsa classes need to provide opportunities for salsa dancers to attend events. Second, marketing strategies aiming at helping recreationists overcome constraints should be different according to the level of specialization. Third, given the nature of constraints faced by the less experienced recreationists, efforts to attract individuals earlier in the specialization path may be fruitless.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the first to explicitly examine the relationship between specialization and constraints to perform behaviors associated to a recreational activity.

Details

International Journal of Event and Festival Management, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1758-2954

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 8 August 2005

Stephanie Hartwell

Since 1963, the promise of the Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act (1963), the planned provision of community-based mental health services, and advances in…

Abstract

Since 1963, the promise of the Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act (1963), the planned provision of community-based mental health services, and advances in psychotropic medication and treatment suggested that the mentally ill might be better managed and served in the community than in hospital (Bachrach & Lamb, 1989; Grob, 1991). While “dehospitalization” proceeds today (Geller, 2000), large numbers of individuals with mental illness also return to the community from correctional custody and bring with them complicated clinical profiles and service needs (Laberge & Morin, 1995; Rice & Harris, 1997; Lamb & Weinberger, 1998; Lamb et al., 1999). An increasing awareness of this phenomenon has resulted in estimates that prisons contain four to five times the rate of persons with mental illness found in the community (Morris & Tonry, 1990; Regier et al., 1990; Morris et al., 1997; Rice & Harris, 1997; Wolff et al., 1997). According to the 2000 Prison Census, about 150,900 or 1 in 10 state inmates were in mental health programs; 114,400 or 1 in 13 were receiving psychotropic medication; and 18,900 or 1 in 80 were in 24-hour psychiatric care (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2000). While the recent estimates suggest that approximately 16% of all those incarcerated in state prisons (16% of all males and 24%of all females) have some sort of mental illness (Ditton, 1999), a meta-analysis examining the prevalence of mental disorder with a narrow criterion found that 10% of male and 18% of female inmates had an Axis I major mental disorder of thought or mood (Pinta, 2001).

Details

The Organizational Response to Persons with Mental Illness Involved with the Criminal Justice System
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-231-3

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1985

Ken Mullen

Although as an example of “moonlighting” public house entertainment can be categorised as part of the irregular economy, all these terms tend to lose their rigour when…

Abstract

Although as an example of “moonlighting” public house entertainment can be categorised as part of the irregular economy, all these terms tend to lose their rigour when confronted with the complexity of empirical reality. The occupational status of public house entertainers differs greatly (for some, a second/part‐time occupation, for others, their only occupation), and shifts in status are common. An important benchmark in such careers is the point at which performers turn professional, but this status‐passage is usually informal and is influenced by the individual's evaluation of their day‐job, perception of professionals‘ lives, availability of opportunities, and commitment to entertaining. Twin job‐holding activity demonstrates a rich occupational complexity, and the balance between two jobs, in such performers’ lives, is liable to change, as are the reasons for participation.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1947

O.F. BROWN

The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research was established by Order in Council during the 1914–18 war, with its own vote and with the Lord President of the…

Abstract

The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research was established by Order in Council during the 1914–18 war, with its own vote and with the Lord President of the Council as responsible Minister, as a means of helping the country when peace returned.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2015

François Anthony Carrillat, Alain d'Astous, François Bellavance and François Eid

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of field sponsorship through sponsor recall and recognition across two environments that differ on the degree of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of field sponsorship through sponsor recall and recognition across two environments that differ on the degree of felt presence they trigger among viewers: on-site and television. A series of research hypotheses concerning the interaction effects of viewing environment, event – sponsor congruence and arousal intensity were developed.

Design/methodology/approach

To test the effect of the viewing environment, a field experiment was conducted where 44 ice hockey fans attended a professional ice hockey game in the local team’s arena, whereas 44 others saw the same game, at the same time, on television. The participants were randomly assigned to one of the two game viewing conditions.

Findings

A higher level of arousal was detrimental to sponsor identification in a manner consistent with the intensity of the processing principle according to which arousal polarizes attention resources on the arousing stimulus (the event) while diverting resources away from the peripheral stimuli (the sponsors). In addition, because the event congruent sponsors are more superficially processed in comparison with the incongruent ones, this negative impact was more pronounced in the former group. This was qualified by a three-way interaction with the type of environment; the on-site, direct, audience was less affected by the processing intensity principle and exhibited better recall and recognition than the television audience as arousal and congruency increased, whereas, at lower levels of arousal, higher event – sponsor congruence hampered on-site sponsor identification in comparison with television.

Research limitations/implications

The findings were obtained in the context of a single sports event; additional studies need to be conducted using different sports. In addition, the comparison of on-site audience with other types of media audiences (e.g. on-line broadcasting) is warranted.

Practical implications

Arousal intensity results from the game’s drama, which is a function of game importance and game outcome uncertainty. Hence, except for low-stakes games (e.g. pre-season matches, exhibitions), initiatives that promote a leveled playing field such as salary cap, financial fair play and open leagues are likely to jeopardize sponsor identification, particularly for congruent sponsors. With respect to the impact of the viewing environment, congruent sponsors should reap superior benefits from the television audience when the stakes are low. However, when the stakes are high, their benefits will accrue to a greater extent from on-site spectators.

Originality/value

This is the first study to offer a rigorous comparison of sponsorship’s impact on direct (on-site) versus indirect (television) audiences through a field experiment. This is also the first research to provide a framework based on the processing intensity principle that encompasses predictions related to arousal and its interaction with event – sponsor congruence and the viewing environment. Within this perspective, the degree of sponsor integration in the viewing environment is instrumental in predicting sponsorship outcomes.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 49 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 24 February 2012

Dong‐Hee Shin

The purpose of this paper is to present a predictive model of attitudes toward 3DTV.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a predictive model of attitudes toward 3DTV.

Design/methodology/approach

Structural equation modeling is used to construct a predictive model of attitudes toward 3DTV. Individuals' responses to questions about attitude and intention to use 3DTV were collected and analyzed.

Findings

The model shows significant roles for social presence and flow, both of which affect attitude as well as perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment. This set of factors is a key to users' expectations of 3DTV. Given the significant role of social presence, the study attempts to conceptualize social presence in the 3DTV context.

Research limitations/implications

The findings imply that social presence may be enhanced by illusions of advanced technical manipulation, but it can be more effectively enhanced by a sense of belonging or emotional connection.

Practical implications

Specific design features and characteristics of 3DTV services can be utilized to achieve meaningful social presence.

Originality/value

The proposed model brings together extant research on 3DTV and supports eventual 3D acceptance.

Details

Information Technology & People, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-3845

Keywords

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