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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Yasser Sharifi and Hamed Aviz

Nowadays, with the expansion of terrorist operations around the world and also the dangers of accidental explosions, the need to design structures resistant to this…

Abstract

Purpose

Nowadays, with the expansion of terrorist operations around the world and also the dangers of accidental explosions, the need to design structures resistant to this phenomenon for the protection and safety of its citizens is inevitable. Tall buildings are one of the most important issues because of which those behavior should be investigated against the blast loading.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors used a simple method for investigating the dynamic response of tall buildings with the combined system of framed tube, shear core and outrigger-belt truss located at different heights of the building’s that were subjected to blast loading. This proposed model is based on the development of a continuum model and the ruling equations that have been obtained using the energy principle predict the whole structure idealized as a shear and flexural cantilever beam with rotational springs at the belt truss location.

Findings

The mathematical procedure shows a good understanding of the structural behavior and is suitable for a quick evaluation during the preliminary design stage, which requires less time. Moreover, it was concluded that the present blast load idealization can be used to reasonably assess the response of tall buildings subjected to blast load.

Originality/value

The comparative analysis in this paper could give other engineers a simple analysis method for the preliminary analysis and design of tall building analysis. Numerical example is given to illustrate the ease of application and the accuracy of the suggested model.

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

E. Scott Sills and Xiang Li

The purpose of this paper is to describe standardized clinical process of care and quality performance metrics at Roane Medical Center (RMC) and compare data from 2005 to 2015.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe standardized clinical process of care and quality performance metrics at Roane Medical Center (RMC) and compare data from 2005 to 2015.

Design/methodology/approach

Information was extracted from a nationwide sample of short-term acute care hospitals using the Hospital Quality Alliance (HQA) database, evaluating multiple parameters measured at RMC. HQA data from RMC were matched against state and national benchmarks; findings were also compared with similar reports from the same facility in 2005.

Findings

Information collected by HQA expanded substantially in ten years and queried different parameters over time, thus exact comparisons between 2005 and 2015 cannot be easily calculated. Nevertheless, analysis of process of care data for 2015 placed RMC at or above state- and national-average performance in 64.9 percent (24 of 37) and 56.5 percent (26 of 46) categories, respectively. RMC registered superior process of care scores in heart failure care, pneumonia care, thrombus prevention and care, as well as stroke care. While RMC continues to perform favorably against state and national reference groups, the differences between RMC vs state and RMC vs national averages using current reporting metrics were both statistically smaller in 2015 compared to 2005 (p<0.05).

Research limitations/implications

Perhaps the most significant interval health event for the RMC service area since 2005 was a coal ash spill at the nearby Tennessee Valley Authority facility in December 2008. Although reports on environmental and health effects following one of the largest domestic industrial toxin releases reached a number of important conclusions, the consequences for RMC in terms of potential added clinical burden on emergency services and impact on chronic health conditions have not been specifically studied. This could explain data reported on emergency department services at RMC but additional research will be needed to establish causality.

Practical implications

While tracking of care processes at all US hospitals will be facilitated by refinements in HQA tools, longitudinal evaluations for any specific unit will be more meaningful if the assessment instrument undergoes limited change over time.

Social implications

Appalachia remains one of several regions in the USA often identified as medically underserved. Hospitals here have confronted the challenge of diminished reimbursement, high expenses, limited staffing and other financial hardships in a variety of ways. Since the last published report on RMC, a particularly severe global recession has placed additional stress on organizations offering crucial health services in the region.

Originality/value

As a follow-up study to track potential changes which have been registered in the decade 2005-2015, this is the first report to provide original, longitudinal analysis on RMC, an institution operating in a rural and underserved area.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 June 2019

Jaime González-Masip, Gregorio Martín-de Castro and Adolfo Hernández

This paper aims to propose that firms located in science and technology parks (STP) developing corporate social responsibility practices can attract talented workers as an

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose that firms located in science and technology parks (STP) developing corporate social responsibility practices can attract talented workers as an effective knowledge management spillover mechanism.

Design/methodology/approach

A longitudinal study has been carried out from the Spanish Panel of Technological Innovation database (PITEC). The statistical method used for data treatment has been a logistic regression for panel data.

Findings

Empirical results show a positive moderating effect of corporate social responsibility practices on the relationship between the firm’s belonging to a STP and talent attraction.

Originality/value

This research follows previous claim for additional research on the phenomenon of talent management and clusters and STP. In that sense, and to the best of the authors’ knowledge, there is no previous empirical research about the complementarily effect of corporate social responsibility practices and the belonging to a STP in talent attraction.

Details

Journal of Knowledge Management, vol. 23 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1367-3270

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1997

Neil Wrigley

Offers an appraisal of the corporate experience and prospects of J. Sainsbury plc in the USA, ten years after its market entry. Part 1 focused on Sainsbury’s New England…

Abstract

Offers an appraisal of the corporate experience and prospects of J. Sainsbury plc in the USA, ten years after its market entry. Part 1 focused on Sainsbury’s New England subsidiary, Shaw’s. Heavy capital investment, and the determined export of a British model of food retailing, is shown to have produced a chain of 119 stores enjoying rapid growth and impressive improvements in profitability. Part 2 focuses on Sainsbury’s acquisition of 50 per cent of the voting stock (20 per cent of total equity) of Giant Food Inc., the market leader in the Washington DC‐Baltimore area. Shows Sainsbury is poised to purchase full control of Giant (at an estimated cost of approximately $2 billion), is promoting a major expansion of Giant northwards into Philadelphia and is on the verge of becoming one of the top ten firms in a US industry worth $410 billion per annum by 1995.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1965

A. Coull

The paper describes an approximate method for the direct stress analysis of anisotropic swept cantilever plates, without the usual need for intermediate deflection…

Abstract

The paper describes an approximate method for the direct stress analysis of anisotropic swept cantilever plates, without the usual need for intermediate deflection calculations. The method of analysis employs the Principle of Least Work, in conjunction with the assumption that the load and stress components may be represented with sufficient accuracy by a power series in the chordwise co‐ordinate, the coefficients of this series being functions of the spanwise position only. The validity is thus limited to these loadings for which the series involved are convergent. A system of oblique co‐ordinates is used to simplify the analysis. Particular attention is focused on the parallelogram cantilever plate, subjected to a uniform normal loading and to a system of tip bending moments, twisting moments and shear forces. Theoretical predictions are compared with the results of an experimental investigation.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 37 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 26 June 2019

Guiyun Xia, Wenya Shu and Ilinca Stanciulescu

This paper aims to propose an efficient method to conduct the preliminary analyses of medium or high-rise wall-frame structural systems with vertically varying properties…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose an efficient method to conduct the preliminary analyses of medium or high-rise wall-frame structural systems with vertically varying properties. To this end, a finite element is formulated to take the shear deformation of the shear wall and the constrained moment of the link beam.

Design/methodology/approach

The differential equation of the structure is derived from the total potential energy. Its homogenous solutions are functions of initial parameters (deflections and inner forces). To solve the structure with vertically non-uniform properties, the authors first use the classical Timoshenko beam element and then heuristically propose a finite element that uses the initial parameter solutions as shape functions and is easier to implement. A post-processing method to compute the shear force in the frame and shear wall is developed. Modal analysis using the consistent mass matrix is also incorporated. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and mesh independency of the proposed element.

Findings

The shear deformation of the shear wall and the constrained moment of the link beam significantly influence the static response of the structure. Taking into account the shear deformation can eliminate the misleading result of zero-base shear force of the frame and give much better predictions of the system natural frequencies.

Originality/value

The proposed method achieves higher accuracy than the classical approach most often used. The finite element formulation derived from transformations of the initial parameter solutions is simple and has superior numerical performance. The post-processing method allows for a fast determination of the shear force distributions in the shear wall and frame.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 36 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

Tarah S.A. Wright

This paper reviews definitions and frameworks for sustainability in higher education by examining a set of major national and international declarations and institutional…

Abstract

This paper reviews definitions and frameworks for sustainability in higher education by examining a set of major national and international declarations and institutional policies related to environmental sustainability in universities. It identifies emerging themes and priorities, and discusses how these declarations and policies are affecting various institutions in how they frame the central task of becoming sustainable and how they perceive their own commitment to sustainability.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 October 2008

Howard Morgan

To show how place managers can use feedback from their various stakeholders to improve satisfaction with the service that they provide.

Abstract

Purpose

To show how place managers can use feedback from their various stakeholders to improve satisfaction with the service that they provide.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper explores through the means of case study how the UK property industry and in particular, three major property owners are using stakeholder feedback to improve service. In particular, it looks at how to measure whether a town centre or commercial place is maximizing the delivery of benefits to its different stakeholders and once the evaluation has been undertaken how the results can be used to improve performance.

Findings

Stakeholder feedback can be a powerful catalyst for the improvement of service to stakeholders. The property industry in the UK is developing its skills at gathering and analysing stakeholder feedback. The paper also explores how the balanced scorecard approach can be used to achieve the alignment of individual responsibilities and stakeholder priorities.

Practical implications

Practitioners will be able to draw on the case studies which reveal practical lessons for place managers including the importance of a balanced approach to measurement, the careful analysis of customer feedback, targeted action planning and the accurate tracking of the impact of management action taken.

Originality/value

The case study material is previously unpublished.

Details

Journal of Place Management and Development, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8335

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1953

At the annual general meeting of British Messier Ltd., held on July 24, 1953, it was announced that the Rt. Hon. The Lord Hives, C.H., M.B.E., D.Sc., had tendered his…

Abstract

At the annual general meeting of British Messier Ltd., held on July 24, 1953, it was announced that the Rt. Hon. The Lord Hives, C.H., M.B.E., D.Sc., had tendered his resignation from the Board to take effect from that date. Mr W. T. Gill has consented to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Lord Hives. The British Messier Board now consists of the following: Sir W. Reginald Vcrdon Smith, Mr W. T. Gill, Lt.‐Gen. Sir John Evctts, Mr L. S. Armandias, Mr H. G. Conway.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 25 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2000

Richard Friedrich

This bibliography contains references to papers, conference proceedings, theses and books dealing with finite strip, finite prism and finite layer analysis of structures…

Abstract

This bibliography contains references to papers, conference proceedings, theses and books dealing with finite strip, finite prism and finite layer analysis of structures, materially and/or geometrically linear or non‐linear.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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