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This paper aims to briefly review the history and future expectations for space tourism.
This paper aims to briefly review the history and future expectations for space tourism.
After a series of successes in space travel, culminating by the Apollo 11 Moon landings in 1969, governmental efforts at space travel stalled. In the early twenty-first century, private entrepreneurs inspired new life into space travel and tourism, offering commercial suborbital trips, but none have as yet actually taken place. However, despite impediments, a significant expansion of space travel and tourism is expected to occur in the course of the twenty-first century.
The paper offers a synoptic view of past and projected future developments in space travel and tourism.
IN the nature of things the Library Association Conference this year cannot have the spectacular character of the jubilee one of 1950; but that does not mean it will be less effective or less useful. Edinburgh is the second city of the United Kingdom, at least in appeal to bookmen, and probably Scots would object to our order of the hierarchy. Apart from the public libraries, a place that has the National Library of Scotland, the Advocates, the Signet and the University libraries, to name only the principal ones, with many associations and treasures, must have great attractions. On looking over conference reports generally, one can infer that the one institution in a town that is not frequented by librarians in the week is the public library. The obstacle is no doubt occupation with the meetings, which many delegates are naturally unwilling to miss. But we do suggest that library visits by newcomers to Edinburgh might be quite as important, in present impression and lasting effect, as most ordinary meetings can be. Since it must be admitted that our business at Edinburgh is to attend meetings, restraint is essential, but at least the Central Library and the fine Leith Library should be squeezed into the personal programme.
This survey covers civil, electrical and electronics, energy, environment, general, materials, mechanical, and traffic and transportation engineering. Areas such as…
This survey covers civil, electrical and electronics, energy, environment, general, materials, mechanical, and traffic and transportation engineering. Areas such as biomedical and chemical engineering will be dealt with in future issues. Readers may find that the classifications included in this survey are not mutually exclusive but do occasionally overlap with one another. For instance, the section on environmental engineering includes a review of a book on the environmental impact of nuclear power plants, which might as easily have been part of the section on energy technology. Before we go into a discussion of data bases and indexes, I would like to note in this introductory section some recent bibliographic aids published during the period surveyed. Most engineering libraries will find them very valuable in their reference and acquisition functions. Since normal review sources will cover these books, I am merely listing them below: Malinowski, Harold Robert, Richard A. Gray and Dorothy A. Gray. Science and Engineering Literature. 2d ed., Littleton, Colorado, Libraries Unlimited, 1976. 368p. LC 76–17794 ISBN 0–87287–098–7. $13.30; Mildren, K. W., ed. Use of Engineering Literature. Woburn, Mass., Butterworths, 1976. 621p. ISBN 0–408–70714–3. $37.95. Mount, Ellis. Guide to Basic Information Sources in Engineering. New York, Wiley, Halsted Press, 1976. 196p. LC 75–43261 ISBN 0–47070–15013–0. $11.95 and Guide to European Sources of Technical Information. 4th ed., edited by Ann Pernet. Guernsey, Eng., F. Hodgson, 1976. 415p. ISBN 0–85280–161–0. $52.00.
Develops an original 12‐step management of technology protocol and applies it to 51 applications which range from Du Pont’s failure in Nylon to the Single Online Trade…
Develops an original 12‐step management of technology protocol and applies it to 51 applications which range from Du Pont’s failure in Nylon to the Single Online Trade Exchange for Auto Parts procurement by GM, Ford, Daimler‐Chrysler and Renault‐Nissan. Provides many case studies with regards to the adoption of technology and describes seven chief technology officer characteristics. Discusses common errors when companies invest in technology and considers the probabilities of success. Provides 175 questions and answers to reinforce the concepts introduced. States that this substantial journal is aimed primarily at the present and potential chief technology officer to assist their survival and success in national and international markets.
Academic libraries do not operate in a vacuum; they must co-exist with change and competition on all levels. In order to succeed, they must know their internal strengths…
Academic libraries do not operate in a vacuum; they must co-exist with change and competition on all levels. In order to succeed, they must know their internal strengths in order to take advantage of opportunities, whilst avoiding threats and addressing weaknesses. A SWOT analysis of Jamaican academic libraries can yield strategic insights for academic library praxis in Jamaica, the Caribbean, and the globe. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
Survey and discussion group were engaged for the five local academic libraries in higher education in Jamaica.
Human resources and support are the most recurrent themes in the reported strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
This paper focused on local academic libraries in higher education (university level) in Jamaica. A survey of academic libraries at all levels, and using more detailed strategic analytical tools, would be a useful follow up.
This paper provides academic library managers and the national/regional library associations with a situational analysis of Jamaican academic librarianship, which can be used to inform future planning and management of library and information services. Additionally, the findings can inform the Latin America and Caribbean section of international library documents on trends, issues and future position of academic libraries globally.
This paper is of value as it is the first published scholarly documentation on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in academic librarianship in Jamaica. In this regard, it makes a useful contribution to the dearth of literature on SWOT analyses of academic libraries per country. It may also represent a starting point for looking at solutions and emerging challenges in a Caribbean academic library environment and should help to focus on the need for continuing innovation.
Tourism review (TR) celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2020. The purpose of this paper is to proffer a holistic overview of TR based on bibliometric analyses of the…
Tourism review (TR) celebrates its 75th anniversary in 2020. The purpose of this paper is to proffer a holistic overview of TR based on bibliometric analyses of the publications from 2001 to 2019.
The research method entails performance analyses and science mapping analyses on TR. The performance analyses engage a sequence of bibliometric statistics, including citation analysis, most cited authors and papers, most influential and productive authors, countries and institutions to name a few. The authors also used visualization of similarities viewer to perform the science mapping analysis of TR based on co-citations of cited authors, bibliographic couplings of authors and countries and co-occurrences of authors’ keywords from 2001 to 2019 and from 2014 to 2019. To examine the thematic evolution using SciMAT, a de-duplicating process was conducted in which 1,485 keywords were refined to 128 word groups before thematic evolution map and strategic diagrams for the three sub-periods were generated.
The thematic evolution map revealed ten thematic areas. The key themes of each of these thematic areas are destination studies, tourism destination and hospitality tourism; destination studies, competitiveness and innovations, co-operations and experience tourism; business studies, sports tourism, tourism destination and satisfaction; quality studies, networks, social studies and co-operation; business model and sports tourism; tourism management and tourism destination; political studies, perception and satisfaction; political studies, sustainability studies, social studies and health tourism; behavior, perception and satisfaction; and cultural tourism and tourism destination.
The study has managed to unveil the key trends of publications, authors, affiliations, nations and authors’ keywords. The findings are useful for potential authors to have a quick snapshot of what is expected from and what is happening in TR.
The study serves as a historical record of TR’s publications. It presents comprehensive bibliometric analyses of the publications in TR and identifying the key research trends.
Tourism Review（TR）将于2020年庆祝其成立75周年。本论文研究的目的是基于2001年至2019年出版的相关文献数量加以分析, 并对TR进行全面概述。
研究方法需要对TR进行性能分析和科学映射分析。绩效分析涉及一系列的文献数量统计, 包括引用分析：引用最多的作者和论文, 最具影响力和生产力的作者, 国家和机构。作者们还使用VOSviewer对引用作者的共同引用, 作者与国家/地区的书目耦合以及2001年至2019年以及2014年至2019年共同出现的作者关键词来进行TR的科学制图分析, 并使用SciMAT, 进行了重复数据删除过程, 将1485个关键字简化为128个词组, 进行随后三个阶段主题性的进化图与策略图的制作。
从2001年到2019年, TR的出版物和其引用率出现了巨大的飞跃, 因为它引起了全世界各项研究人员, 机构和国家的极大兴趣。被引用最多的文献和最有影响力的作者多来自发达国家的机构, 包括美国（US）, 英国（UK）以及其他欧洲和大洋洲国家。但是, 亚洲和非洲大陆的国家也正在加入潮流, 并开始在TR中树立影响力。
该研究设法揭示了出版物, 作者, 隶属关系, 国家和作者的关键词的主要趋势。这些发现对于有潜能的作者快速了解TR预期和正在发生的事情很有帮助。
旅游期刊, 文献计量分析, 科学制图, 书目耦合, 共引, 共现, VOSviewer, SciMAT
Tourism Review (TR) celebra su 75 aniversario en 2020. El objetivo de esta investigación es ofrecer una visión global de TR basada en análisis bibliométricos de las publicaciones de 2001 a 2019.
Diseño / metodología / enfoque
el método de investigación implica análisis de rendimiento y análisis de mapeo científico en TR. Los análisis de desempeño involucran una secuencia de estadísticas bibliométricas, que incluyen análisis de citas, autores y artículos más citados, autores más influyentes y productivos, países e instituciones, por nombrar algunos. Los autores también utilizaron el VOSviewer para realizar el análisis de mapeo científico de TR basado en citas compartidas de autores citados, acoplamientos bibliográficos de autores y países y co-ocurrencias de las palabras clave de los autores desde 2001 hasta 2019 y desde 2014 hasta 2019. Para examinar el evolución temática utilizando SciMAT, se llevó a cabo un proceso de desduplicación en el que se refinaron 1485 palabras clave a 128 grupos de palabras antes de que se generaran mapas de evolución temáticos y diagramas estratégicos para los tres subperíodos.
hay un salto gigantesco en las publicaciones, así como las citas de TR de 2001 a 2019, ya que ha ganado mucho interés por parte de varios investigadores, instituciones y países de todo el mundo. La mayoría de los autores más citados e influyentes provienen de instituciones de países desarrollados, incluidos los Estados Unidos (EE. UU.), El Reino Unido (Reino Unido) y otras naciones europeas y de Oceanía. Sin embargo, países de los continentes asiático y africano se están uniendo al carro y comenzaron a establecer su influencia en TR.
Limitaciones / implicaciones de la investigación
el estudio ha logrado revelar las tendencias clave de publicaciones, autores, afiliaciones, naciones y palabras clave de los autores. Los hallazgos son útiles para que los autores potenciales tengan una instantánea rápida de lo que se espera de lo que está sucediendo en TR.
Originalidad / valor
el estudio sirve como un registro histórico de las publicaciones de TR. Presenta análisis bibliométricos exhaustivos de las publicaciones en TR e identifica las tendencias de investigación clave.
OUR readers do not need the reminder that 1952 is the 75th year of Library Association history. Some opportunity may be found at the Bournemouth Conference to celebrate this fact, in however modest a manner. The American Library Association, older by a year, celebrated its anniversary at Philadelphia last October, on which occasion Mr. F. G. B. Hutchings represented this country and spoke at a luncheon meeting to three hundred of the guests with acceptance. That celebration, however, appears to us to have been most significant for the comment on the Carnegie library gifts which was made by Mr. Ralph Munn, librarian of Pittsburgh Carnegie Library, in some ways the most spectacular one founded by the great Scot. Munn said:—