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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1998

Darwish A. Yousef

The study explores the role of satisfaction with job security in predicting organizational commitment and job performance in a multicultural non‐Western environment. It…

Abstract

The study explores the role of satisfaction with job security in predicting organizational commitment and job performance in a multicultural non‐Western environment. It also examines factors contributing to the variations in satisfaction with job security among employees. Results indicate that satisfaction with job security is positively correlated with both organizational commitment and job performance. Furthermore, employees’ age, educational level, job level, monthly income, marital status, tenure in present job, tenure in present organization and an organization’s activity contribute significantly to the variations in satisfaction with job security among employees. Finally, the relationship between satisfaction with job security, and both organizational commitment and job performance vary across national cultures.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Book part
Publication date: 16 September 2019

Maciej Duszczyk and Kamil Matuszczyk

The main purpose of the chapter is to explain the impact of labour market security on migration-related decisions, especially in terms of push-pull factors theory. There…

Abstract

The main purpose of the chapter is to explain the impact of labour market security on migration-related decisions, especially in terms of push-pull factors theory. There are different ways to understand work-related security; the chapter discusses the importance of job security, employment security and income security from labour migration perspective. The article presents the existing body of literature on theoretical concepts as well as on some methodological facets of the measurements of the level of particular aspects of work-related security. Special attention is paid to labour migrants in terms of their working conditions in both sending and receiving countries. An overview of previous migration studies proves that the issue of migrants’ labour market security was not the subject of any in-depth analyses. There are, however, many examples of research showing that, under certain conditions, migration decisions are influenced by, among others, the generosity of a welfare state, stability of job and the desire to achieve the so-called normal life. In the case of migrants from third countries (e.g. from Ukraine), income security is of particular importance alongside remuneration.

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

Patrice Gélinas

The purpose of this paper is to present an approach to quantify the monetary value of job security.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an approach to quantify the monetary value of job security.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is theoretical and based on a financial economics human capital model. Empirical estimates of the annualized value of job security at three large corporations and at the government of the USA are also developed for an illustrative employee profile.

Findings

A financial economics human capital model can be used to derive a lower‐bound estimate for the monetary value of job security and empirical estimates can be calculated straightforwardly to help managers who allocate economic resources to fulfill organizational labor requirements or negotiate labor agreements.

Research limitations/implications

The model presented provides a lower‐bound estimate only. Future research could suggest approaches to calculate more precise estimates.

Practical implications

This paper provides a tool for managers and workers who wish to include the monetary value of relative job security in the definition of total compensation during the negotiation of employment conditions or while benchmarking total compensation.

Originality/value

This paper is a pioneer contribution in the field of quantifying the monetary value of job security.

Details

Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1401-338X

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Article
Publication date: 27 July 2018

Vilde Hoff Bernstrøm, Ida Drange and Svenn-Erik Mamelund

Employability has been suggested as an alternative to job security in response to more flexible work arrangements, arguing that the important question for employees is no…

Abstract

Purpose

Employability has been suggested as an alternative to job security in response to more flexible work arrangements, arguing that the important question for employees is no longer the security of their current job, but their employment security in the labour market. The purpose of this paper is to test two core assumptions of this argument: first, is employability associated with a lower preference for job security? And second, are individuals with lower job security in fact compensated with higher employability? Both assumptions have received criticism in recent literature. The focus is on employees’ perceived basic and aspiring employability. The former refers to employees’ expectations of remaining in employment and the latter to expectations of upward mobility.

Design/methodology/approach

The data used in the analysis were nationally representative Norwegian survey data from 12,945 employees (2009–2013).

Findings

Employees with higher aspiring employability and education levels have a significantly lower preference for job security, but this is not the case for employees with higher basic employability. Additionally, while employees with lower job security have higher aspiring employability, they have lower basic employability and receive less employer-supported training.

Originality/value

The current paper is the first to investigate how employability relates to the employees’ own preference for job security. In line with critics of the employability argument, the results support that job security continues to be an important protection mechanism. Moreover, employees with low job security lose out twice as employers also invest less in their training and future employability.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 48 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

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Article
Publication date: 23 November 2018

Nelesh Dhanpat, Tlou Manakana, Jessica Mbacaza, Dineo Mokone and Busisiwe Mtongana

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between employee retention and job security and the impact of retention factors on the job security of nurses…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between employee retention and job security and the impact of retention factors on the job security of nurses in public hospitals in South Africa. The retention of nurses is essential in public hospitals in South Africa. It is therefore critical that retention strategies are primed to ensure the job security of nurses.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is quantitative in nature, adopts a cross-sectional approach and is set within a positivist research paradigm. Pre-established questionnaires were used to collect data. Non-probability sampling was used to select a convenience sample. Questionnaires were distributed to three public hospitals in Johannesburg and 202 responses were received. The psychometric properties of the questionnaire were established through validity and reliability. Inferential and descriptive statistics were deployed to analyse data.

Findings

The study established that there is a relationship between retention factors and job security. The study further identified retention factors as predictors of job security and noted that training and development was the strongest predictor of job security amongst nurses. In addition, the study contributes towards research on retention practices of nurses from a South African perspective.

Practical implications

The study recommendations are diagrammatically represented. If implemented by human resource practitioners and nursing management, they are likely to enhance job security.

Originality/value

The study provides insights on the retention of nursing professionals in public hospitals in Gauteng and identifies retention factors which contribute most towards job security.

Details

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-0705

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1986

Richard S. Belous and Stephen L. Mangum

The appearance of job security demands at the bargaining table is on the rise in the United States. Job security has increased relative to income security in the hierarchy…

Abstract

The appearance of job security demands at the bargaining table is on the rise in the United States. Job security has increased relative to income security in the hierarchy of employee concerns. Management has, in several instances, responded to these concerns. This piece will outline the many reasons behind, and offer examples of, the increased emphasis on job security provisions. It will also detail some of the current roadblocks in this area.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Article
Publication date: 20 March 2019

Fariborz Rahimnia, Ghasem Eslami and Saeid Nosrati

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mediating role of job embeddedness in the relationship between perceived job security and perceived job flexibility and its…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the mediating role of job embeddedness in the relationship between perceived job security and perceived job flexibility and its impact on creative performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The statistical population of this study consisted of all employees at the Electricity Company of Mashhad, and a sample comprising 300 participants was finalized. In order to analyze the data, different statistical analysis methods were used, including Pearson’s correlation analysis and structural equation modeling.

Findings

The findings indicated that perceived job security has a positive impact on job embeddedness, while it has no significant impact on the employees’ creative performance. On the other hand, perceived job flexibility has a positive effect on both job embeddedness and creative performance. Moreover, the mediating role of job embeddedness was approved.

Originality/value

Since creative performance in this changeable environment becomes essential, identifying mechanisms which can embed employees to their company would bring about several positive consequences. Furthermore, little is known about the antecedents and potential consequences of job embeddedness, especially in developing countries.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 48 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Ferry Koster and Maria Fleischmann

Previous research leads to contrasting hypotheses about the relationship between extra effort of employees and the level of job security. According to agency theory, job

Abstract

Purpose

Previous research leads to contrasting hypotheses about the relationship between extra effort of employees and the level of job security. According to agency theory, job security leads to lower levels of extra effort and social exchange theory argues that extra effort requires job security. The purpose of this paper is to formulate a set of hypotheses based on these theories. Besides considering them as mutually exclusive, they are integrated into a single theoretical framework that argues that both theories can apply, depending on the conditions and social context (in terms of the social security system).

Design/methodology/approach

Data from the International Social Survey Program (2005) including 22 countries from around the globe are analyzed using multilevel analysis.

Findings

The study provides evidence that social security moderates the relationship between job security and extra effort.

Originality/value

This study differs from previous research as it focuses on two sides of insecurity in the workplace and because it analyzes a large data set to include institutional factors.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 37 no. 13/14
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1990

Yunus Kathawala, Kevin J. Moore and Dean Elmuti

A survey was conducted to test the preferenceof salaried employees when given the option ofincreased pay versus increased job security. Thestudy also looked at various job

Abstract

A survey was conducted to test the preference of salaried employees when given the option of increased pay versus increased job security. The study also looked at various job characteristics and compared how employees ranked them as motivators and satisfiers. Subjects were 41 automobile industry salaried employees who responded to written questionnaires. The results showed a preference for increased salary over increase in job security. Respondents who preferred a salary increase demonstrated a less satisfied attitude with current salary and overall satisfaction with the job. Those preferring increased security ranked security higher than salary as a satisfier, but not as a motivator. Those preferring a salary increase ranked compensation higher than job security as a motivator and a satisfier. One group, male middle managers, showed a higher preference for salary increase versus increased security. Overall average response ranking of job elements resulted in compensation being ranked as the number one element in importance towards job satisfation while increase in salary for performance ranked as the number one element in importance in motivating employees. Job security ranked fifth as a satisfier and seventh as a motivator overall.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 11 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 February 2019

Levent Altinay, You-De Dai, Janet Chang, Chun-Han Lee, Wen-Long Zhuang and Ying-Chan Liu

This study aims to explore the mediating effects of role overload and job security on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement and…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the mediating effects of role overload and job security on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement and simultaneously examines the impact of role overload on employees’ job security.

Design/methodology/approach

By means of telephone and email, the study inquired eight international tourist hotels’ willingness, and questionnaires were distributed to employees of these hotels in 2014. The hotel employees were asked to participate, and they have the right to agree or not. After discarding unusable responses, 310 individual surveys ratings were collected from a total of 500 self-administrated questionnaires were distributed (a 62.0 per cent response rate).

Findings

The result indicates that role overload and job security have mediating effects on the relationship between leader–member exchange and work engagement. Also, role overload can positively influence job security.

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the mediating roles of role overload and job security between LMX and work engagement, as well as the influence of role overload on job security. This study attempts to make contributions to human resource management literatures of hospitality and tourism.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

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