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Article
Publication date: 16 June 2021

Fitri Rahmafitria, Karim Suryadi, Hera Oktadiana, Heru Purboyo H. Putro and Arief Rosyidie

The paper aims to examine the effect of physical distancing control on the intention to travel during the pandemic and to assess the influence of knowledge, social concern…

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Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to examine the effect of physical distancing control on the intention to travel during the pandemic and to assess the influence of knowledge, social concern and perceived risk on the theory of planned behavior (TPB).

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 1,068 Indonesian respondents through a purposive sampling approach, filled out online questionnaires during the pandemic. The collected data were analyzed using partial least squares-structural equation modeling.

Findings

The results indicated that subjective norm as the external factor of the TPB has a stronger effect than the internal factors; attitude and behavioral control. It appears that in a collectivist society, prohibition enforced by family and friends, as well as the government’s sanctions have a stronger influence on one’s decision to travel. The findings also suggested that knowledge, perceived risks and social concern effect tourists’ behavior. Uncertainty and inadequate knowledge will decrease the level of perceived risk, which leads to lower control in practicing physical distancing and increasing intention to travel during the pandemic.

Research limitations/implications

The research has limitations in its use of a convenient sampling method. This method may not represent the whole population, causing the results to be difficult for generalization. There is also the need for extending the TPB model with different variables in the context of tourism and pandemic. This study enriches the existing tourism literature by applying TPB to examine tourists’ behavior during the Covid-19 pandemic, focusing on knowledge, social concern and perceived risk theory.

Practical implications

This paper offers useful insights for tourism planners in the government and private destination management levels. It is crucial for a destination management organization to understand the relationship between knowledge, perception and social concern with tourists’ behavior while traveling during pandemics. The understanding of tourist’s behavior when traveling during the pandemic will assist in developing and creating activities and designing health protocols at tourist attractions.

Originality/value

This study extended the TPB to analyze tourists behavior during the pandemic by applying knowledge, social concern and perceived risk elements.

研究目的

本研究旨在解释疫情期间社交距离控制对出行意图的影响,并分析知识,社会意识和风险感知在计划行为理论中的作用。

研究设计和方法

在新冠肺炎疫情期间,通过目的性抽样的方法, 1,068名来自印度尼西亚的受访者参与了网络问卷调查。所获数据通过PLS-SEM分析。

研究结果

结果表明,主观规范作为计划行为理论的外部因素比内部因素(态度和行为控制)具有更强的作用。在集体主义社会中,来自亲友的禁令以及政府的制裁似乎对旅行决策产生了更大的影响。研究结果还表明,知识、风险感知和社会关注会影响游客的行为。不确定性和知识不足将降低风险感知的水平,从而导致人们对距离控制的疏忽,并在疫情期间增加旅行意向。

研究实施局限性

该研究存在局限性在于使用了方便样本。此样本不能代表整个群体,因此研究结果可能不具有极高的普适性。未来关于疫情下出游的研究,需要继续延申计划行为理论,探讨该模型与其他变量的关联。本研究丰富了现有的游客研究,主要贡献针对计划行为理论在疫情下出游这一场景中的应用,和与知识、社会意识和风险感知的理论建构。

研究实际意义

这项研究为公共与私人旅游区的管理做出了重要贡献。 目的地管理组织(DMO)必须了解在疫情期间的游客的行为与知识、风险感知和社会关注之间的关系。这些疫情下游客行为的理论建构能够帮助开发游客活动,并为疫情下旅游区游客健康守则提供设计参考。

研究原创性或新颖性

这项研究是对计划行为理论的拓展,并且是对该理论模型在疫情下出游的具体应用;研究分析了此理论模型与知识、社会关注和风险感知的关联。

关键词:社交距离,疫情期间的出游,新冠肺炎疫情,计划行为理论,风险感知,社会关注

文章类型:研究论文

Propósito

Este artículo analiza los efectos del control de la distancia física en la intención de viajar durante la pandemia y la influencia del conocimiento, la preocupación social y riesgo percibido en la teoría del comportamiento planificado (TPB).

Diseño/ metodología

A través de un sistema de muestreo por conveniencia, se obtuvo una muestra de 1.068 participantes de Indonesia que completaron la encuesta online durante la pandemia. La información recopilada fue analizada a través del PLS-SEM.

Resultados

Los resultados indicaron que la norma subjetiva como factor externo de la teoría del comportamiento planificado ejerce un efecto superior al de los factores internos; actitud y control del comportamiento. Resulta que, en una sociedad colectivista, la prohibición reforzada por la familia y amigos, así como las sanciones del gobierno ejercen una influencia mayor en la decisión individual de viajar. Los resultados también sugieren que el conocimiento, los riesgos percibidos y la preocupación social afectan al comportamiento del turista. La incertidumbre y el desconocimiento disminuyen el nivel de riesgo percibido lo cual conduce a un menor control a la hora de cumplir con el distanciamiento físico y a una mayor intención de viajar durante la pandemia.

Limitaciones del estudio/implicaciones

Las limitaciones de esta investigación tienen su origen en el sistema de muestreo de conveniencia utilizado en esta investigación. Este método puede no representar al total de la población, lo cual provoca dificultad en la generalización de los resultados. También existe la necesidad de ampliar el modelo de la teoría del comportamiento planificado (TPB) incorporando variables propias del contexto turístico y de la pandemia. Este estudio supone una aportación a la literatura existente en turismo al aplicar la teoría del comportamiento planeado al análisis del comportamiento de los turistas durante la pandemia del covid-19, con un enfoque en el conocimiento, la preocupación social y la teoría del riesgo percibido.

Implicaciones prácticas

Esta investigación es de utilidad para los responsables de la planificación de la actividad turística tanto a nivel gubernamental como privado. Es crucial para que las organizaciones responsables de la gestión del destino (DMO) comprendan la relación existente entre conocimiento, percepción y preocupación social, con el comportamiento de los turistas cuando viajan en tiempos de pandemia. La comprensión del comportamiento de los turistas cuando viajan durante la pandemia ayudará a desarrollar, crear actividades y diseñar protocolos de salud en las atracciones de los turistas.

Originalidad/valo

Este estudio extiende la teoría de comportamiento planificado al análisis del comportamiento de los turistas durante la pandemia a través de la aplicación del conocimiento, preocupación social y elementos de riesgo percibido.

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2020

Ke Shen and Huawen Shen

Based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this paper aims to investigate the effects of residents’ place attachment (PA), subjective norms (SNs) and perceived…

Abstract

Purpose

Based on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this paper aims to investigate the effects of residents’ place attachment (PA), subjective norms (SNs) and perceived behavioural control (PBC) on their attitudes towards behaviour (AB) and behavioural intention to support tourism (BI). This paper aims to examine whether residents’ AB mediate the relationships between BI and PA, SNs and PBC.

Design/methodology/approach

The results are obtained using a quantitative method based on data gathered from self-administered questionnaires completed by 406 residents of Hongcun, a Chinese traditional village.

Findings

The TPB is successfully used to explain Chinese traditional village residents BI. The findings extend the extant research and render the TPB more widely applicable. This study confirms that the inclusion of PA within the framework of the TPB is valid and satisfactory, demonstrating continued support for the coupling of complementary theories to explain tourism development from a resident perspective. Finally, this study extends the literature on residents’ PA and demonstrates its impact on their attitudes and consequent reactions, thus supplementing the limited evidence on PA as a direct predictor of residents’ BI. Specifically, SNs are the critical factor affecting residents’ AB and their BI. Residents’ AB only mediate the relationship between SNs and their BI.

Research limitations/implications

This paper only includes PA within the framework of the TPB. More constructs should be incorporated to deepen the understanding of residents’ BI. In addition, the data were only collected in a traditional village.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the first studies to combine PA with the TPB in research on residents’ BI in a developing country – in this instance, China.

中国传统村落居民支持旅游行为意向: 基于拓展的计划行为理论

摘要

研究目的

基于计划行为理论, 本研究探索了传统村落居民之地方依恋、主观规范和感知行为控制对于其行为态度和支持旅游行为意向的影响作用; 同时本研究亦探究了居民之行为态度在地方依恋、主观规范和感知行为控制与其支持旅游行为意向之间的中介作用。

研究方法

本研究采用定量的研究方法, 对从中国传统村落——宏村所收集到的406份有效问卷进行统计分析, 形成结论。

研究发现

本研究发现计划行为理论能够成功解释中国传统村落居民支持旅游行为意向, 进一步拓展了该理论的运用范围。首先, 本研究将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论, 构筑两者之间的理论联系, 打通了原本相互之间独立的两个理论之间的理论逻辑关联, 为后续的相关领域的研究提供了更加扎实的理论依据; 其次, 本研究也进一步拓展已有关于居民地方依恋的研究, 也进一步验证了其对于居民行为态度和支持旅游行为意向的影响作用; 最后, 主观规范在对于居民的行为态度和支持旅游行为意向施最为重要的一个影响因素, 同时主观规范还可以通过行为态度间接影响支持旅游行为意向。

研究局限

本研究仅仅将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论, 应当考虑将更多的影响因素纳入研究范畴, 同时, 本研究的样本仅仅在宏村一地收集, 后续研究应该扩大案例地的范围进行样本的收集。

原创性

本研究是为数不多的将地方依恋纳入计划行为理论研究框架, 来探索发展中国家居民支持旅游行为意向的研究之一。

Intención de comportamiento de los residentes tradicionales chinos de los residentes de las aldeas de apoyar el turismo: un modelo extendido de la teoría de la conducta planificadaPropósito

Basando en la teoría de la conducta planificada, este texto investiga los efectos de apego a un lugar, normas subjetivas y control conductual percibido de los residentes sobre sus actitudes hacia la conducta y hacia la intención conductual para apoyar el turismo. Este texto también examina si las actitudes de residentes hacia la conducta intervienen las relaciones entre la intención conductual para apoyar el turismo y apego a un lugar, normas subjetivas y control conductual percibido.

Diseño/metodología/manera

Los resultados se obtienen usando un método cuantitativo basado en los datos recopilados de los cuestionarios autoadministrados completados por 406 residentes de Hongcun, un pueblo tradicional de china.

Resultados

La teoría de la conducta planificada está utilizada exitosamente para explicar la intención conductual de los residentes de pueblo tradicional de China hacia el apoyo al turismo. Estas conclusiones extienden la investigación existente y deje que la conducta planificada sea aplicada más ampliamente. Este estudio confirma que la inclusión del apego al lugar dentro del marco de la teoría de la conducta planificada es válida y satisfactoria, demostrando el apoyo continuo para el acoplamiento de las teorías complementarias para explicar el desarrollo del turismo a partir de una perspectiva de residente. Finalmente, esta investigación extiende la literatura en el apego al lugar de los residentes y demuestra su impacto en sus actitudes y reacciones consecuentes, complementando así la evidencia limitada en el apego al lugar como un índice de previsión directo de la intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo. Especialmente, las normas subjetivas son factores clave que afectan las actitudes de los residentes hacia la conducta y su intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo. Las actitudes de los residentes hacia la conducta sólo intervienen la relación entre las normas subjetivas y su intención conductual sobre el apoyo al turismo.

Implicaciones sociales

Este texto sólo incluye el apego al lugar dentro del marco de la teoría de la conducta planificada. Se debería incorporar más constructos para profundizar la comprensión sobre la intención conductual de los residentes sobre el apoyo al turismo. Además, los datos sólo fueron recopilados en un pueblo tradicional.

Originalidad/valor

Este texto es uno de los estudios líderes que combina el apego al lugar con la teoría de la conducta planificada para investigar la intención conductual de los residentes sobre el apoyo al turismo en un país en desarrollo - en esta instancia, China.

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Article
Publication date: 19 February 2019

Ayman Abdo Harb, Deborah Fowler, Hyo Jung (Julie) Chang, Shane C. Blum and Wejdan Alakaleek

This study relied on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to assess factors that affected event fans’ decisions regarding their intention to attend events by using social…

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Abstract

Purpose

This study relied on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to assess factors that affected event fans’ decisions regarding their intention to attend events by using social network websites. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of event fans’ attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control on their intentions to go to events based on social networking sites (SNSs) marketing. In addition, the researchers examined the impact of perceived enjoyment on event fans’ attitudes towards events pages on SNS.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a quantitative research method and used an online survey distributed on Qualtrics and based on the TPB. Populations in the study were followers of events pages on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. The sample was convenience.

Findings

By using the partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), the study found that all the research hypothesis were supported except (H2). While event fans’ attitudes had not a statistically significant impact on their behavioral intentions towards using social media to go to events (H2), perceived enjoyment had a statistically significant impact on event fans’ attitudes towards events pages on SNS (H1). According to the research findings, event fans were influenced by their subjective norms (H3) and perceived behavioral control (H4). These factors significantly influenced event fans’ behavioral intention, which led to their actual behavior (H5).

Practical implications

This study provided evidence supporting that subjective norms and perceived behavioral control were effective in forming intention towards events page, which in turn affected actual behavior, while perceived enjoyment was effective in forming events fan attitudes towards events’ social media pages. This may indicate a need for positive images of the events depicted through social media. In addition, when using social media as a marketing medium for events, event marketers and organizers should understand how other important people’s opinions and perceptions affect the intention and behavior formation. This implies the need to stress the social acceptance of the events, and use family ties, family and other social-units elements of events.

Social implications

This study provided statistical evidence supporting the applicability of the TPB within the context of event marketing and using social media. This implies a better understanding of the rational decision-making process, along with the social factors affecting the process of forming behavioral intentions and intentions. Furthermore, perceived enjoyment was incorporated within the model. Perceived enjoyment was effective in forming positive attitudes towards events’ social media pages. This highlights the need to provide information and contents in an enjoyable and user-friendly way.

Originality/value

The value of this study is derived from its aim to highlight the importance of social media as an effective marketing tool for events. Moreover, this study sought to contribute to the literature on social media by exploring how social media affected event attendees’ behavior and attitudes and by gauging the impact of social media on the event industry.

研究目的

本论文以计划行为理论为基础, 旨在评估通过社交网站来影响会展顾客参会意愿的各项因素。本论文基于社交网络营销, 检验其会展顾客态度、主观规范、以及感知行为控制等对于顾客参会意愿的影响因素。此外, 本论文研究人员还检验感知享受如何影响会展顾客对社交网络上会展主页的态度。

研究设计/方法/途径

本论文采用定量研究方法, 借用在线问卷采样方式, Qualtrics 作为问卷发放平台, 以计划行为理论为基础。本论文的研究人群是在 Facebook、Twitter、和 Instagram 上会展主页的粉丝顾客。本论文采用便捷采样方式。

研究结果

本论文采用偏最小二乘回归方程(PLS-SEM)统计方法检验研究假设, 并发现, 除 H2 外其他假设论断均成立。会展顾客对于使用社交媒体的态度并未显著影响其参会意愿(H2), 然而, 感知享受对于会展顾客粉丝社交网站上会展主页有着显著影响(H1)。研究结果表明, 会展顾客的态度受到主观规范(H3)和感知行为控制(H4)的影响。这些因素均显著影响了会展顾客的参会意愿, 最终导致实际参会行为(H5)。

研究理论限制/意义

本论文采用实际测量数据以应用计划行为理论在会展营销和社交媒体的研究。此外, 本论文测试了三种不同社交媒体:Facebook、Twitter、和 Instagram 的粉丝用户。其研究结果证实了本论文采用的理论框架对于不同领域和社交媒体背景下的有效性。

研究实践意义

本论文用数据证实了主观规范和感知行为控制对会展粉丝参会意愿有着显著影响, 其最终导致真正参会行为。本论文还证实了感知享受显著影响了顾客粉丝会展社交主页的态度。其研究结果表明会展企业有必要在社交媒体上树立积极的会展形象。此外, 会展营销人员和组织者在使用社交媒体作为营销手段的时候, 应该认识到其他人的意见和感知对于参会人员的意愿和行为产生影响。

研究原创性/价值

本论文的研究价值主要是其强调社交媒体作为会展有效营销手段的重要性。此外, 本论文还探索了社交媒体如何影响参会人员的行为和态度, 以及社交媒体对于整个会展行业的影响, 这将对社交媒体有关的研究有着积极的贡献。

关键词

关键词偏最小二乘, 社交媒体, 社交媒体营销, 社交媒体参与, 事件营销, 计划行为理论

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 30 June 2020

Ai Na Seow, Yuen Onn Choong, Krishna Moorthy and Chee Keong Choong

Few studies have adopted social psychology theories to understand the medical tourism decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to fill the said gap by…

Abstract

Purpose

Few studies have adopted social psychology theories to understand the medical tourism decision-making process. The purpose of this study is to fill the said gap by suggesting the adoption of two social cognition models: the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and protection motivation theory (PMT), to predict medical tourism behavioural intention, as well as compare their predictive power by integrating TBP and PMT in a single model.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative method has been adopted. There were 265 international tourists from various regions who visited Malaysia (one of the main medical tourism players in Asia), who were asked to complete the survey questionnaire. Data was analysed using the partial least squares structural equation modelling technique.

Findings

The results of this study provided support and validated the well-developed research models of TPB and PMT. Although PMT appears to be a more concrete and specific framework, the TPB model results have a slight advantage. TPB results emphasised the important roles of attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control in developing behavioural intentions, and thus directly linked to the development of pull marketing strategies. PMT results emphasised the important roles of perceived threats and coping appraisal of health care in developing push strategies for medical tourism.

Originality/value

The research illustrates the need for rigorous examination of the ability of behavioural theories. The findings can aid in scrutinising their shortcomings and their readiness to modify, integrate and enhance in a more constructive manner when they address the health-education interventions, especially in a medical tourism context.

目的

很少有研究采用社会心理学理论来理解医疗旅游的决策过程。这项研究的目的是通过建议采用两种社会认知模型(计划行为理论(TPB)和保护动机理论(PMT))来填补上述空白。通过将TBP和PMT集成到一个模型中, 预测医疗旅游行为意愿并比较其预测能力。

设计/方法/方法

采用定量方法。样本包括265名访问了马来西亚(亚洲主要的医疗旅游公司之一)的国际游客, 他们被邀请填写调查问卷。研究使用偏最小二乘结构方程建模技术分析数据。

结果

这项研究的结果支持并验证了TPB和PMT完善的研究模型。尽管PMT似乎是一个更具体的框架, 但TPB模型结果却有一点优势。TPB模型的结果强调了态度, 主观规范和感知的行为控制在形成行为意愿中的重要作用, 因此直接与拉动式营销策略的发展相关。 PMT结果强调了感知到的威胁和对医疗保健的应对评估在制定医疗旅游推动策略中的重要作用。

独创性/价值

该研究阐述了严格检验行为理论能力的必要性。当研究结果针对健康教育干预措施时, 尤其是在医疗旅游领域, 这些发现可以帮助审查它们的缺点以及它们是否准备好以更具建设性的方式进行修改, 整合和改善。

关键词

医疗旅游, 游客的行为意愿, 保护动机理论, 计划行为理论, 模型比较, 马来西亚

文章类型

研究论文

Propósito

Pocos estudios han adoptado teorías de psicología social para comprender el proceso de toma de decisiones de turismo médico. El objetivo de esta investigación es llenar dicho vacío sugiriendo la adopción de dos modelos de cognición social: la teoría del comportamiento planificado (TPB) y la teoría de la motivación de protección (PMT), para predecir la intención conductual del turismo médico y comparar su poder predictivo integrando TBP y PMT en un solo modelo.

Diseño/Metodología/Enfoque

se ha adoptado un método cuantitativo. Hubo 265 turistas internacionales de diversas regiones que visitaron Malasia (uno de los principales actores del turismo médico en Asia) a quienes se les pidió que completaran el cuestionario de la encuesta. Los datos se analizaron utilizando la técnica de modelado de ecuaciones estructurales de mínimos cuadrados parciales.

Resultados

Los resultados de este estudio brindaron apoyo y validaron los modelos de investigación bien desarrollados de TPB y PMT. Aunque PMT parece ser un marco más concreto y específico, los resultados del modelo TPB tienen una ligera ventaja. Los resultados del TPB enfatizaron los roles importantes de las actitudes, las normas subjetivas y el control conductual percibido en el desarrollo de las intenciones conductuales y, por lo tanto, directamente vinculados con el desarrollo de estrategias de marketing pull. Los resultados de PMT enfatizaron los roles importantes de las amenazas percibidas y la evaluación de la atención médica en el desarrollo de estrategias de empuje para el turismo médico.

Originalidad/Valor

La investigación ilustra la necesidad de un examen riguroso de la capacidad de las teorías conductuales. Los hallazgos pueden ayudar a analizar sus deficiencias y su disposición a modificar, integrar y mejorar de una manera más constructiva cuando abordan las intervenciones de educación sanitaria, especialmente en un contexto de turismo médico.

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 15 February 2021

Ghazanfar Ali Abbasi, Janani Kumaravelu, Yen-Nee Goh and Karpal Singh Dara Singh

The purpose of this study is to unearth the factors that influence tourists’ revisit intention. The proposed model of the study is grounded on using the theory of planned…

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4917

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to unearth the factors that influence tourists’ revisit intention. The proposed model of the study is grounded on using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and extending it with additional variables, i.e. satisfaction, destination image, perceived risk, service quality and perceived value.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted a cross-sectional approach to collect data. The data were collected by conducting a field survey questionnaire on 330 respondents and were analysed using partial least squares version 3.2.9.

Findings

The results show that perceived behavioural control, perceived value, destination image and satisfaction significantly affect visitors’ revisit intention. The influence of perceived value, perceived service quality and destination image on satisfaction is also confirmed. On the other hand, satisfaction is found to be a significant mediator between perceived service quality, destination image and perceived value.

Originality/value

The extended TPB model that includes perceived service quality, perceived value, perceived risk and satisfaction provided a model with a theoretical basis to explain tourist revisit intentions to a tourist destination.

Propósito

El objetivo principal del estudio es descubrir los factores que influyen en la intención de revisita de los turistas. El modelo propuesto para el estudio se basa en el uso de la teoría del comportamiento planificado y se amplía con variables como la satisfacción, la imagen del destino, el riesgo percibido, la calidad del servicio y el valor percibido.

Metodología

Este estudio adoptó un enfoque transversal para la recogida de datos. Los datos se recopilaron mediante un cuestionario de campo en el que participaron 330 encuestados. Los datos se analizaron utilizando la versión 3.2.9 de PLS.

Resultados

Los resultados muestran que el control conductual percibido, el valor percibido, la imagen del destino y la satisfacción afectan significativamente a la intención de revisita. También se confirma la influencia del valor percibido, la calidad de servicio percibida y la imagen del destino sobre la satisfacción. Por otra parte, la satisfacción resulta ser un mediador significativo entre la calidad de servicio percibida, la imagen del destino y el valor percibido.

Originalidad/valor

El modelo TPB ampliado que incluye la calidad de servicio percibida, el valor percibido, el riesgo percibido y la satisfacción proporcionó un modelo con una base teórica para explicar las intenciones de revisita de los turistas a un destino turístico.

目的

本研究的目的是揭示影响游客重访意向的因素。本研究提出的模型以计划行为理论(TPB)为基础, 并以额外的变量(即满意度、目的地形象、感知风险、服务质量和感知价值)进行扩展。

设计/方法/途径

本研究采用了横断面的方法来收集数据。通过对330名受访者进行实地调查问卷来收集数据, 并使用偏最小二乘法3.2.9版进行分析。

研究结果

结果显示, 感知行为控制、感知价值、目的地形象和满意度对游客的再访意向有显著影响。感知价值、感知服务质量和目的地形象对满意度的影响也被证实。另一方面, 满意度被发现是感知服务质量、目的地形象和感知价值之间的一个重要中介因素。

原创性/价值

包括感知服务质量、感知价值、感知风险和满意度在内的扩展TPB模型为解释游客对旅游目的地的再访意向提供了理论基础。

关键词: 满意度; 旅游; 计划行为理论; PLS-SEM; 目的地形象

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Article
Publication date: 3 May 2019

Xi Y. Leung

The purpose of this study is to explore how following a destination’s Facebook page changes fans’ visit intentions.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore how following a destination’s Facebook page changes fans’ visit intentions.

Design/methodology/approach

The study conducted two waves of data collection before and after following a Facebook page over a three-month period and collected 297 and 172 usable responses. The theory of planned behavior was adopted to build the evolution model. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Model was used in testing the proposed evolution model and exploring the changes over time.

Findings

Fans’ visit intentions significantly improved after following a Facebook page with a strengthened impact of subjective norm on visit intention. The effect of attitude on visit intention showed significant decrease after following the Facebook page, making attitude less important in travelers’ decision-making processes.

Practical implications

This study proves that destinations’ Facebook pages are effective in terms of improving fans’ visit intentions. Therefore, destination marketing organizations (DMOs) should focus on increasing the number of their Facebook fans and pay most attention to the social influence of Facebook pages.

Originality/value

This study is one of the first attempts to prove the effectiveness of Facebook marketing using a longitudinal approach. The study also contributes to the literature of utilizing PLS-SEM in hospitality and tourism research through applying the procedure of analyzing longitudinal data.

研究目的

本论文旨在探索旅游目的地Facebook官网对吸引粉丝旅游的影响力。

研究设计/方法/途径

样本数据搜集历时三个月, 分别在游客粉丝一个旅游目的地Facebook官网前和三个月后进行问卷收集。样本数量分别为297份(粉丝前)和172份(粉丝后)。计划行为理论(TPB)作为本论文的理论基础以建立研究模型。PLS-SEM为数据分析方法来测试假设模型和探索因时间而产生的变化。

研究结果

游客的旅游意向明显加强了, 在粉丝旅游目的地Facebook之后, 显示为增强的主观规范对旅游意向的影响。游客态度对旅游意向的影响在粉丝Facebook官网后明显降低, 使得游客的态度对旅游决策的作用重要性降低。

研究实践意义

本论文结果显示旅游目的地Facebook官网对增加粉丝游客有效用。因此, DMO应该重视吸引更多Facebook粉丝, 以及尤其重视Facebook中的社会影响。

研究原创性/价值

本论文是极少数文章通过纵向研究方法来证明Facebook营销的效用性的研究。本论文还对酒店旅游研究文献采用PLS-SEM分析方法进行纵向研究有着理论贡献。

关键词 – 旅游目的地facebook官网, 纵向, 计划行为理论(TPB), 旅游倾向。

纸张类型 – 文献综述

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 22 June 2018

Xi Y. Leung and Lan Jiang

The purpose of this paper is to propose and test an extended theory of planned behavior model (TPB) to explain how following destination Facebook pages impacts travelers…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose and test an extended theory of planned behavior model (TPB) to explain how following destination Facebook pages impacts travelers’ visit intention.

Design/methodology/approach

The study asked 252 participants to follow a destination’s Facebook page for three months before they completed the survey. An integrative model combining theory of planned behavior, social influence theory and attitude toward the ad was proposed. Partial least squares structural equation model (PLS-SEM) was used in testing the proposed model.

Findings

The findings indicated that the three social influences (compliance, identification and internalization) all significantly impacted visit intention both directly and mediated by subjective norm. Facebook page experience also significantly influenced visit intention mediated by perceived behavioral control. However, both attitude toward the destination and attitude toward messages were not significantly associated with visit intention.

Practical implications

The findings of this study revealed important practical implications for destination marketing organizations (DMOs) to leverage Facebook marketing. Specifically, DMOs should pay extra attention to the social influence of Facebook pages, especially identification, and also use Facebook pages to reduce perceived behavioral control of potential visitors.

Originality/value

This study was one of the first attempts to explore the factors influencing visit intention of destination Facebook fans based on an extended TPB model. The study also contributed to the literature of using PLS-SEM in predicting behavioral intention through a reflective-formative higher-order model.

研究目的

本论文旨在建立和验证一个扩展的计划行为模型, 用来解释旅游目的地Facebook如何影响游客旅游意图。

研究设计/方法/途径

252人参与本研究项目, 他们实际关注了一个旅游目的地Facebook三个月, 然后填写了问卷。本论文以计划行为模型、社会影响理论、以及广告认知理论等为基础, 建立一体化模型。本论文采用偏最小二乘回归结构方程模型(PLS-SEM)验证这个一体化模型。

研究结果

三种社会影响因素(从众、认同、内化)均对旅游意图有直接和间接的影响。Facebook体验也对于旅游意图, 通过知觉行为控制的中间调解作用, 有显著影响。然而, 目的地态度和信息的态度并未显著地与旅游意图有关。

研究实践意义

本论文结果对于旅游目的地管理机构(DMOs)如何使用Facebook营销有着实际启示作用。特别的是, DMOs应该更加关注Facebook的社会影响方面, 比如认同, 以及使用Facebook来减少潜在游客的知觉行为控制。

研究原创性/价值

本论文是首先几篇以TPB模型为基础, 探索目的地Facebook粉丝效应的旅游意图的文章。本论文还对于使用PLS-SEM技术通过反应性-形成性多阶模型来预测行为意图的文献有着理论贡献。

关键词

关键词:广告认知, 、目的地Facebook, 、社会影响理论, 、计划行为理论, 、旅游意图

纸张类型

研究论文

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 7 December 2021

Shaizatulaqma Kamalul Ariffin, Mohamad Fakhrul Reza Abd Rahman, Ali Mughal Muhammad and Qi Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the key factors that explain intention to use e-wallet services (perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the key factors that explain intention to use e-wallet services (perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, subjective norm, positive disconfirmation and perceived behavioral control). The moderating role of perceived value in the relationship between satisfaction and their intention to continue using the e-wallet is also examined.

Methodology

A total of 257 e-wallet users participated in an online survey and hypotheses were tested with SPSS/PLS-SEM.

Findings

The constructs technology acceptance model (TAM), theory of planned behavior (TPB) and user satisfaction affect intention to use. However, perceived value does not strengthen the relationship between user satisfaction and e-wallet usage intention.

Practical implications

The TAM, TPB and expectancy disconfirmation model (EDM) constructs help explain the use of e-wallet services. These results will help the providers of these services to understand user behavior and to design their marketing strategies more appropriately to ensure consumer satisfaction and their intention to use e-wallet services.

Originality

This study adopts a holistic and integrative approach to explain the continued use of e-wallet services. The model integrates three basic adoption theories: TAM, TPB and EDM.

Propósito

El propósito es investigar los factores clave que explican la intención de utilizar los servicios de monedero electrónico (utilidad percibida, facilidad de uso percibida, actitud, norma subjetiva y control conductual percibido). También se examina el papel moderador del valor percibido en la relación entre la satisfacción y su intención de seguir usando el monedero electrónico.

Metodología

257 usuarios de monederos electrónicos participaron en una encuesta online y las hipótesis fueron contrastadas con SPSS/PLS-SEM.

Hallazgos

los constructos TAM (modelo de aceptación de la tecnología), TPB (teoría del comportamiento planificado) y la satisfacción del usuario afectan a la intención de uso. Sin embargo, el valor percibido no refuerza la relación entre la satisfacción del usuario y la intención de uso del monedero electrónico.

Originalidad

Este estudio adopta un enfoque holístico e integrador para explicar el uso continuado de los servicios de monedero electrónico. El modelo integra tres teorías básicas de adopción: TAM, TPB y EDM (modelo de desconfirmación de expectativas).

Implicaciones prácticas

los constructos TAM, TPB y EDM permiten explicar el uso de los servicios de monedero electrónico. Estos resultados ayudarán a los proveedores de estos servicios a comprender el comportamiento de los usuarios y diseñar sus estrategias de marketing de forma más adecuada para garantizar la satisfacción del consumidor y su intención de utilizar los servicios de monedero electrónico.

目的

目的是研究解释使用电子钱包服务意向的关键因素(感知的有用性、感知的易用性、态度、主观规范和感知的行为控制)。此外, 还研究了感知价值在满意度和他们继续使用电子钱包的意向之间的调节作用。

方法

257名电子钱包用户参与了一项在线调查, 用SPSS/PLS-SEM对假设进行了检验。

研究结果

TAM(技术接受模型)、TPB(计划行为理论)和用户满意度影响使用意向。然而, 感知价值并没有加强用户满意度和电子钱包使用意向之间的关系。

原创性

本研究采用了一种整体和综合的方法来解释电子钱包服务的持续使用。该模型整合了三个基本的采用理论:TAM、TPB和EDM(期望不确认模型)。

实际意义

TAM、TPB和EDM构造有助于解释电子钱包服务的使用。这些结果将有助于电子钱包服务提供商了解用户行为, 并更恰当地设计他们的营销策略, 以确保消费者的满意度和他们使用电子钱包服务的意向。

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2019

Mehmet Erdem, Hilmi A. Atadil and Pelin Nasoz

The purpose of this study is to examine hotel guests’ attitudes toward guest room technologies (GRTs) and determine whether hotel guests’ characteristics and attitudes…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine hotel guests’ attitudes toward guest room technologies (GRTs) and determine whether hotel guests’ characteristics and attitudes regarding GRTs vary according to hotel guest typologies.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were gathered from a sample of 508 hotel guests who had stayed in a hotel in the past 12 months via a self-administered survey on Qualtrics survey software. The analysis of the study consisted of two main research steps: identification of cluster groups via the K-means cluster analysis algorithm and discriminant analysis; and performing a series of chi-square analyses to determine whether hotel guests’ characteristics and attitudes vary according to obtained hotel guest typologies.

Findings

Results indicated significant attitudinal (e.g. internet payment preference) and demographic (e.g. age) differences among the obtained hotel guest typologies regarding their attitudes toward GRTs.

Practical implications

The results provide valuable guidance and a pragmatic approach for those hotel managers that aim to generate tailored marketing strategies for guest segments that are interested in GRTs.

Originality/value

This study concentrates on GRTs with a market segmentation approach by using advanced statistical procedures. It contributes to the body of related research literature by offering empirical evidence where the study evaluates the impact of the availability of new GRTs on guest decision-making based on the principles of the theory of planned behavior. Practitioners will be able to use the presented findings to generate marketing and pricing strategies with respect to the technological needs and wants of each typology.

研究目的

本论文主要研究酒店顾客对客房科技(GRTs)的态度以及检验顾客特点和背景情况对GRTs的态度是否有不同的影响。

研究设计/方法/途径

研究样本包括508位在过去12个月内消费过的酒店顾客, 样本通过在线自助式问卷来采集。本论文的分析步骤分为两步:(1)通过K-means聚类分析和判别分析以确立群组, 以及(2)一系列Chi-square分析以判定酒店顾客特点和态度是否根据获得的顾客背景情况而有差别。

研究结果

研究结果表明在获得的酒店顾客背景情况中, 态度型因子(比如网络支付喜好)和人口统计类型因子(比如年龄)对于酒店顾客GRTs态度有显著差异。

研究实践意义

研究结果对酒店经营者针对不同细分市场对GRTs的喜好来制定个性化营销战略有着珍贵指导和实践的启示意义。

研究原创性/价值

本论文主要通过一系列高级统计操作来研究GRTs以及市场细分方法。研究结果对相关文献有着显著价值, 对以计划行为理论 (Theory of Planned Behavior)为基础, 检验新型GRTs对顾客决策行为的影响提供了实践研究。行业实践者能够借鉴研究结论来制定与科技需求和细分市场需求相关的营销和定价战略。

关键词

酒店技术;客房技术;房间内部技术;市场划分;付款意愿;决策

纸张类型–研究论文

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 September 2018

Elizabeth Halpenny, Shintaro Kono and Farhad Moghimehfar

World Heritage sites (WHS) can play an important role in promoting visitation to emerging and remote destinations. Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this…

Abstract

Purpose

World Heritage sites (WHS) can play an important role in promoting visitation to emerging and remote destinations. Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), this study aims to investigate factors that predict intentions to visit WHS.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey questionnaires were used to collect data from visitors (n = 519) to four Western North American WHS. Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was used to identify three reflective models (attitude toward visiting World Heritage, perceived behavioural control and intention to visit WHS in the future), three formative models (attitude toward World Heritage designation, social influence (subjective norms) to visit World Heritage and World Heritage tourism brand equity) and a structural model.

Findings

World Heritage tourism brand equity and social influence were strong positive predictors of intentions to visit WHS in the future. Attitudes towards World Heritage designation, followed by World Heritage travel attitudes and perceived behavioural control, were progressively weaker, yet positive predictors. However, the latter two concepts’ impact was negligible.

Originality/value

This study addresses four deficiencies in tourism studies: TPB studies have failed to find consistent predictors of intentions to visit destinations; very few studies have attempted to verify the factors that predict visitation to WHS, despite the opportunities and costs that can arise from WHS-related tourism; few studies of tourists’ perceptions of World Heritage and related WHS travel intentions have been conducted in North America; and PLS-SEM was used to perform statistical methods not commonly used in tourism studies including formative models, importance-performance mapping and confirmatory tetrad analysis.

研究目的

世界遗址(WHS)对于提高新兴和偏远地区的游览率起到重要作用。本论文以计划行为理论(TPB)为理论基础,研究游览WHS的动机因素。

研究设计/方法/途径

本论文采用问卷采样形式,519名游览四个美国西北部WHS公园的游客为问卷样本。本论文采用偏最小二乘回归(PLS-SEM)分析数据,(a) 确立三个反应性测量模型(WHS游览态度、感知行为控制、未来WHS游览意向),(b) 确立三个形成性测量模型(WHS游览态度、WHS游览的社会影响力(主观规范)、以及WHS旅游品牌资产),以及(c) 验证一个结构模型。

研究结果

世界遗产旅游品牌资产和社会影响力是未来游览WHS意向的有效动力。世界遗产目的地的态度,由世界遗产旅游态度和感知行为控制所主导,也有着对未来游览WHS意向的积极促进作用,但是作用相对较弱。然而,世界遗产旅游态度和感知行为控制并未发现对未来游览WHS意向有直接决定作用。

研究原创性/价值

本论文弥补了旅游研究中的四大不足:(a) TPB研究未能找出旅游目的地游览意向的一致的决定因素; (b) 几乎没有文献试图验证WHS游览意向决定因素,尽管这将对WHS相关旅游业的机遇和成本控制有着重大意义; (c) 有关世界遗产和相关WHS旅游意向的研究还尚未在北美地区开枝散叶; (d) 本论文借用PLS-SEM方法来分析数据,包括验证形成性测量模型、重要性-绩效画图分析法、以及四分子分析法等,这在旅游文献中不常见。

关键词

品牌态度,世界遗产,旅游意向,TPB,品牌资产,品牌忠诚度

Details

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9880

Keywords

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