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Article
Publication date: 8 November 2011

Michele Rene Gregory

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between “locker room” hegemonic masculinities at work and the construction of homophobia, particularly the use of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between “locker room” hegemonic masculinities at work and the construction of homophobia, particularly the use of the word “fag” to describe gay men – real or perceived. Although research indicates that men are more homophobic than women, examples are presented which examine some of the reasons why women use the word “fag” at work. Although equal opportunities at work have improved for sexual minorities over the past two decades, studies indicate that some forms of anti‐lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) behaviour continue, which raises the question whether a hierarchy of inequality exists in some organizations.

Design/methodology/approach

The data used to analyze this under‐researched phenomenon come from the author's observations working for three multinational corporations in the USA.

Findings

The paper shows how men and women engage in locker room culture to construct homophobic narratives.

Research limitations/implications

The issues raised in this article will be useful for empirical studies which examine the relationship between competitive sports and sexuality in the construction of masculine hegemonies in the workplace. Additionally, research should address the workplace experiences of sexual minorities who are also ethnic minorities, and disabled.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the largely invisible research on the role of sports culture, especially the locker room, and gender and sexuality in non‐sports work environments. It also contributes to the study of masculine embodiments by focussing on sports culture such as the locker room, heteronormative‐masculinities and homophobia.

Details

Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, vol. 30 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-7149

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 25 January 2010

Bolanle A. Ola and Olufemi Morakinyo

Brain Fag Syndrome (BFS) is a psychiatric disorder associated with study affecting two to four out of every ten African students. One of the consequences of this illness…

Abstract

Brain Fag Syndrome (BFS) is a psychiatric disorder associated with study affecting two to four out of every ten African students. One of the consequences of this illness is early fore-closure of education in affected students. Etiological factors such as nervous predisposition, motivation for achievement, and psycho-stimulant use have been found associated with it. However, the contributions of study habits to the pathogenesis of this study-related illness deserve more attention than has been given. We carried out this cross-sectional study to ascertain the types of study habits associated with BFS among a sample of senior secondary school students in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Five hundred students from six schools in Ile-Ife were selected using a stratified random sampling technique. The selected students completed the Socio-demographic Data Schedule, the Brain Fag Syndrome Scale, and Bakare's Study Habit Inventory. The prevalence of BFS was 40.2% (201). There were no significant socio-demographic variables identifying BFS students apart from those without BFS. The significant measures of study habits that predicted BFS were homework and assignments, examinations, and written work. Those with BFS had 3.58 times the odds to perform poorly on homework and assignments, 3.27 times the odds to perform poorly on examinations, and 1.01 times the odds to perform poorly on written work compared to those without BFS. We concluded that the results of this study suggest that homework and assignments, examinations, and written work were significant study habit variables associated with BFS.

Details

Mental Illness, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2036-7465

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Article
Publication date: 8 January 2018

Haigang Gu, Guang Feng, Yonggang Lin and Chaozhu Wang

This paper aims to analyze fatigue failures of a typical marine gearbox under harsh ocean conditions, and these failures are reasonably attributed to the bearing fretting…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze fatigue failures of a typical marine gearbox under harsh ocean conditions, and these failures are reasonably attributed to the bearing fretting fatigue damages.

Design/methodology/approach

Two typical FAG cylindrical roller bearings mounted on this marine gearbox are particularly used for analysis, as they are most vulnerable to these failures. A series of simulations have also been conducted to verify the analysis results and failure reasons by reproducing the fretting fatigue damages for the same shaft-bearing system under the same manufacturing error conditions.

Findings

The analysis results indicate that manufacturing errors are the most possible reasons for the bearing failures, and these errors have more effects on the FAG cylindrical roller bearing as compared to other bearings mounted on the same shaft system. The simulations results are in good agreement with the theoretical analysis results and test results and hence validate that manufacturing errors are the dominant reasons for bearing fretting fatigue damages in this typical marine gearbox.

Originality/value

Fatigue failures of a typical marine gearbox. Manufacturing errors are the most possible reasons for the bearing failures. A series of simulations have been conducted to verify the analysis results and failure reasons. The simulations results are in good agreement with the theoretical analysis results and test results.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 70 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1981

A NEW spherical roller bearing configuration by FAG is claimed to set new standards. The company points out that where bearings are subjected to vibration forces…

Abstract

A NEW spherical roller bearing configuration by FAG is claimed to set new standards. The company points out that where bearings are subjected to vibration forces, spherical roller bearings with integral lips at the inner ring are the right choice.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1983

There can be little doubt that one of the most noticed features in those sections of the technical press catering for the electronics and printing industries during 1982…

Abstract

There can be little doubt that one of the most noticed features in those sections of the technical press catering for the electronics and printing industries during 1982 was a series of eye catching advertisements informing readers that Fag‐Pal Ltd had changed their address, from 60 Pentonville Road to Unit 9, Royal London Estate, Tottenham. This is not as surprising as may at first be imagined; many people confess to being far more impressed by half a minute of ‘commercial break’ concerned with a well known brand of brown bread, or carbonated water, than all the TV programmes which they have seen for quite some time.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1998

Brian Dollery, Michael Fletcher and D.S. Prasada Rao

Australian fiscal federalism possesses a greater degree of vertical imbalance than comparable federations elsewhere due to a concentration of revenue-raising powers at the…

Abstract

Australian fiscal federalism possesses a greater degree of vertical imbalance than comparable federations elsewhere due to a concentration of revenue-raising powers at the level of the Commonwealth government and a concentration of expenditure functions at the state and local government levels. Efforts to deal with this problem have focused on intergovernmental grants. While substantial literature exists on the financial nexus between the Commonwealth and state governments, little research effort has been expended on the local government grants process. The present paper seeks to remedy this by documenting the evolution and role of the local government grants process.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

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Article
Publication date: 9 January 2007

Katia Kouzi and Mohamed Saïd Naït‐Saïd

This work proposes a method to improve the estimation performance at standstill and low speed operations of an adaptive fuzzy logic speed‐sensorless field‐oriented control…

Abstract

Purpose

This work proposes a method to improve the estimation performance at standstill and low speed operations of an adaptive fuzzy logic speed‐sensorless field‐oriented control of an induction motor.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the speed estimation algorithm presented in Tursini et al., which it has been designed to consider constant speed operation, is modified in an attempt to reduce the estimation error. Second, the speed regulation by fuzzy logic controller (FLC) with fuzzy adapted gains (FAG) is proposed for speed regulation. The main features of the proposed algorithm are investigated and compared with those of the algorithm of (Tursini) considering different dynamic operating conditions.

Findings

Simulation results clearly show the performance of the proposed algorithm.

Originality/value

The proposed scheme is recommended for applications requiring robust speed control and field‐orientation even in the presence of some key parameter deviations.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Content available

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 73 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2020

Martha Coleman and Mengyun Wu

This study investigates the impact of corporate governance (CG) mechanisms with inclusion of compliance and diligence index on corporate performance (CP) of firms in…

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigates the impact of corporate governance (CG) mechanisms with inclusion of compliance and diligence index on corporate performance (CP) of firms in Nigeria and Ghana. It further examines the moderating effect of financial distress on the relationship between CG and CP.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used panel data of 102 nonfinancial listed firms of Nigeria and Ghana stock exchange for the period 2012–2016 with total observation of 510. The study first used OLS in estimating the influence of CG mechanisms on CP. Due to multicollinearity in the independent variables, ridge regression was employed.

Findings

It was revealed that ownership structure index and board compliance and diligence index, board size, board disclosure, ownership structure, shareholders' right and board compliance and diligence index had positive influence on ROA and ROE. Growth of Tobin's Q depends on board procedure and board compliance and diligence index. Also, financial distress (ZFS) negatively moderates the relationship between board structure index, board disclosure index, board procedure index, shareholders' right and performance (ROA and ROE) but negatively moderates between ownership structure index and Tobin's Q.

Practical implications

This study provides interesting findings to policymakers in full implementation of CG codes as stated by OCED (2015) by West African firms with greater emphasis on compliance and diligence index since it positively influences all CP measures.

Originality/value

The study provides evidence of the importance of the introduction of the new index: compliance and diligence, which looks at disclosure of CSR activities. This has been overlooked by most researchers especially in Africa in assessing quality CG mechanisms.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Abstract

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 48 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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