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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

Águeda Esteban, Ángel Millán, Arturo Molina and David Martín‐Consuegra

The association between economic development and growth of the service sector seems indisputable. Although it is necessary to highlight that services are of a different…

Abstract

The association between economic development and growth of the service sector seems indisputable. Although it is necessary to highlight that services are of a different nature from that of products, nowadays the latter are more and more penetrated by complementary services, given the circumstance that services themselves also include, occasionally, the use and consumption of products. Market orientation had been developed mainly in association with tangible products; therefore it is necessary to carry out a study where the evolution of the market orientation is reflected in the service sector independently from industrial sectors. That is why a historical summary of the evolution of market orientation on the service sector has been performed.

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European Journal of Marketing, vol. 36 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2006

Raija Komppula and Helen Reijonen

The purpose of this study was to identify those factors that are supposed to be the most important in terms of small business success in tourism industry. The empirical…

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify those factors that are supposed to be the most important in terms of small business success in tourism industry. The empirical data is collected within one region in Finland. The respondents were asked to evaluate the importance of the given factors for the firm's success and how highly the respondent evaluated the company's expertise in each factor in their operations. Questionnaires were sent by mail to a total of 214 tourism businesses. The final response rate was 43% (92 businesses). According to the analysis of the data, the respondents emphasise the importance of customer orientation, good skills in leadership, internal marketing and a good reputation of the firm and the product. The impact of external advice (incubators, consultants, research organisations) was evaluated as the least important factor of success. So, market orientation seems to play a key role in the performance of small and micro tourism firms. Customer orientation is also well mastered according to the businesses. The greatest development needs would be in the areas of price and accessibility, as well as in customer orientation. The results of this study indicate that there are no statistically significant differences in the views held by slowly or fast growing tourism businesses regarding the importance of the success factors. The same factors are considered important and less important in both slowly and fast growing businesses. Neither were there any statistically significant differences in these businesses as to the expertise in these success factors.

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 61 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

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Article
Publication date: 20 January 2020

Yosra Mnif Sellami and Imen Cherif

The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between female audit committee representation and audit fees, taking into account their demographic attributes.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between female audit committee representation and audit fees, taking into account their demographic attributes.

Design/methodology/approach

Research hypotheses have been tested by performing both univariate and multivariate analyses based on a sample of 790 firm-year observations from Swedish listed firms, spanning the period 2013-2017.

Findings

Initial finding derived from the empirical analyses provides consistent evidence of a positive association between female audit committee representation and audit fees. Controlling for self-selection bias, this finding holds unchanged. Therefore, female directors are voluntarily appointed to the companies audit committees. Including demographic attributes of women directors sitting in audit committees in the audit fees, models show that increased audit fees is driven by the level of female directors’ professional experience rather than their mere representation. Results from supplementary analysis document that the positive relationship between female audit committee representation and audit fees is more pronounced when the partner in charge of the audit engagement is a female, indicating that women presence on both the demand and supply-side of audit pricing enhance audit quality more importantly than when women are present on only the demand-side position of audit fees.

Originality/value

This study extends beyond recently published literature on the relation between audit committee gender-diversity and audit fees by offering a novel insight on demographic attributes of female directors enabling them to demand higher quality audits, as reflected by increased audit fees.

Details

Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

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Article
Publication date: 5 May 2020

Angel Meseguer-Martinez, Simona Popa and Pedro Soto-Acosta

Research on Science parks (SPs) has attracted a growing interest in the last decades. This widespread innovation policy initiative pursues technology-based industrial and…

Abstract

Purpose

Research on Science parks (SPs) has attracted a growing interest in the last decades. This widespread innovation policy initiative pursues technology-based industrial and entrepreneurial growth through business development and technology transfer across new and mature firms. Despite the common agreement on SPs' potential benefits, literature have showed mixed results regarding the performance of SPs. To explain this findings, current research pointed out at the lack of a common guiding framework. To cover this knowledge gap, this manuscript proposes an integrative definition and research model together with a multidimensional measurement instrument suitable to encompass the diverse reality of this global phenomenon.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a systematic literature review of 281 indexed journal articles published between 1990 and 2018, the paper provides an integrative framework of enabling factors of SPs' performance.

Findings

The results illustrate an integrative conceptual framework of SPs that allows further comparison and generalization of research. At the same time, this manuscript provides valuable insights for managers and entrepreneurs as it conveys a standardized view of SPs' internal context useful for benchmarking.

Originality/value

Grounded in the resource-based view (RBV), the paper conducts a thorough literature review to develop an integrative research model featuring three value streams: physical infrastructures, formal links and support services. In addition, a multidimensional measurement tool to operationalize these three dimensions is proposed.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1983

Elizabeth G. Miller

The dictionaries reviewed in this article are the Appleton's New Cuyas…, revised in 1972; Cassell's…, revised in 1978; Collins…, 1st edition in 1971; Diccionario

Abstract

The dictionaries reviewed in this article are the Appleton's New Cuyas…, revised in 1972; Cassell's…, revised in 1978; Collins…, 1st edition in 1971; Diccionario moderno…Larousse, revised in 1976, and the Simon and Schuster's International…, 1st edition in 1973. These dictionaries, all presently in print in the United States, are one volume, table‐top or hand‐size dictionaries, each containing more than 1,000 pages.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 19 October 2015

María-Soledad Castaño-Martínez, María-Teresa Méndez-Picazo and Miguel-Ángel Galindo-Martín

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of some political measures on entrepreneurship to promote economic growth and employment, specifically, R & D…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of some political measures on entrepreneurship to promote economic growth and employment, specifically, R & D policies, training, elimination of administrative barriers, access to finance support and promotion of entrepreneurial culture.

Design/methodology/approach

Seven hypotheses are tested developing a latent variables model with data from 13 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK) in 2012, using partial least squares estimation method.

Findings

Greater expenditure on R & D by governments and universities, public investment in education and measures to stimulate entrepreneurial culture have a positive effect on entrepreneurship. Furthermore, countries with complex legal systems which regulate the start-up of an economic activity and where access to credit is complicated, present lower levels of entrepreneurship. Societies with a greater number of innovative entrepreneurs present higher levels of entrepreneurial activity and economic performance. Finally, human capital and entrepreneurial activity positively affect economic performance in the case of the European countries studied in the sample.

Practical implications

The results obtained in the paper would facilitate the design of measures to stimulate to entrepreneurs and improve economic performance.

Originality/value

Several factors, qualitative and quantitative, have been considered in the analysis that they have not traditionally included in the analysis of the entrepreneurship behaviour taking into account the role played by the policy makers measures to improve such behaviour.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 53 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 30 November 2020

Tat-Huei Cham, Boon Liat Cheng and Caryn Kar Yan Ng

The clothing industry is one of the earmarked industries in many countries following the rising demand and consumption of clothing products among millennials. Malaysia and…

Abstract

Purpose

The clothing industry is one of the earmarked industries in many countries following the rising demand and consumption of clothing products among millennials. Malaysia and Thailand are known to be promising markets for this industry in the South East Asia region. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of psychological and marketing factors on clothing interest among Generation Y consumers, as well as the interrelationships between self-confidence, product attitude and purchase intention. The impact of nationality was also examined as a moderator on the investigated relationships.

Design/methodology/approach

The data was collected among Generation Y consumers using a survey questionnaire, which had successfully gathered a total of 388 usable cases from the capital cities of Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur) and Thailand (Bangkok). These cities were selected for being the largest cities in its country which contain the highest number of shopping malls, offices and Generation Y population. Data analysis was then performed using both the SPSS and AMOS software.

Findings

Findings obtained acknowledged the importance of both psychological (i.e. fashion innovativeness, self-concept, fashion consciousness and need for uniqueness) and marketing (i.e. social media marketing and fashion advertisement) factors towards the clothing interest among Generation Y consumers. Consequently, clothing interest would influence their product attitude, self-confidence and purchase intention, with product attitude and self-confidence as the mediators between clothing interest and purchase intention. Multigroup analysis confirmed that there are differences between Generation Y consumers in both Malaysia and Thailand, where Thai consumers hold a stricter emphasis concerning the influence of social media marketing on clothing interest and self-confidence on purchase intention.

Originality/value

This study is one of the very few studies that explored the minimally investigated territory on the consequential importance of clothing interest within the clothing industry, specifically, through extending the literature on the influence of psychological and marketing factors towards the individuals’ clothing interest. Moreover, this study also successfully highlighted the mediation role of product attitude and self-confidence in the relationship between clothing interest and purchase intention.

Details

Young Consumers, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-3616

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1982

K.D. Maji and Inder Singh

The results of the corrosion studies on mild steel in aqueous solutions containing 0.5 to 100 ppm of S= either in inactive or radioactive Na2S for an immersion period of…

Abstract

The results of the corrosion studies on mild steel in aqueous solutions containing 0.5 to 100 ppm of S= either in inactive or radioactive Na2S for an immersion period of 24 hours, show that rusting of mild steel surface appeared at the S= concentrations of 5 and 10 ppm, staining of surface at 25 ppm and pitting at 50 and 100 ppm. Under similar conditions, the studies on mild steel in Na2CrO4 (0.0025 M, 0.005 M) solutions containing varying concentrations of inactive or radioactive S= (0.5 to 150 ppm) indicate that rusting/staining/pitting on mild steel surface did not occur even at higher concentrations of S=. In aqueous solutions containing 0.5 to 100 ppm of S= either in radioactive or inactive Na2S, the open circuit potential shifted towards less noble values, whereas in Na2CrO4 (0.0025 M; 0.005 M) solutions containing 0.5 to 150 ppm of inactive or radioactive S= the potential shift was comparatively towards the noble direction. In Na2CrO4 (0.0025 M; 0.005 M) solutions containing 0.5 to 150 ppm of radioactive S= in Na2S, S pick‐up increased linearly with the increase in concentration of S= and the effect of increase in concentration of Na2CrO4 from 0.0025 M to 0.005 M did not show any appreciable increase in S pick‐up. Autoradiographs of the specimens immersed in the above solutions showed the presence of adsorbed S= on the mild steel surface and the linear increase in S pick‐up with the increase in concentration of S= in radioactive Na2S was observed. Mode of Cr pick‐up on mild steel in Na2CrO4 (0.0025 M, 0.00125 M) solutions was also studied for comparison purposes.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 29 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 7 September 2010

Alyssa Milton and Barbara Mullan

Despite the recognised importance of food safety, a large number of consumers do not practice adequate food safety in the home. Many studies have recommended that…

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the recognised importance of food safety, a large number of consumers do not practice adequate food safety in the home. Many studies have recommended that education is a key step in preventing food‐borne illness in the domestic environment. However, few educational or psychosocial interventions have been designed and implemented to improve food safety knowledge, attitudes and behaviours. Even fewer of these studies have been subject to rigorous appraisal. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of studies that described and evaluated a food safety intervention in a non‐clinical adult sample.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of ten studies met the criteria for inclusion in the systematic review. Outcomes of interest included food safety behaviour, behavioural intention, attitudes, knowledge, microbial transfer and the use of social cognition models.

Findings

The evidence regarding the effectiveness of the reviewed interventions on these food safety outcomes was somewhat positive; however, many gaps remained. For example, of the five self‐report behaviour change studies, all reported some significant improvement post‐intervention. However, the percentage of specific behaviours that significantly changed within each study varied between 0.04 and 100 per cent. There were methodological flaws in many of the studies which complicated the interpretation of these results and indicate a need for more research.

Research limitations/implications

Future research should include better defined outcomes, longer follow‐up, more rigorous reporting of results and intervention design, the use of randomised controlled trial protocols and utilising health models to have a greater theoretical underpinning to the studies.

Originality/value

This paper is the first systematic review examining the effect of psychosocial food safety interventions on behaviour, attitudes and knowledge.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 112 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 29 March 2011

Ángeles Montoro‐Sánchez and Domingo Ribeiro Soriano

The aim of this paper is to introduce the special issue on “Human resource management and corporate entrepreneurship”.

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to introduce the special issue on “Human resource management and corporate entrepreneurship”.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper discuses the articles in the special issue, which investigate the relationships between human resource management and entrepreneurship from different points of view, approaches and employing different empirical contexts.

Findings

The papers highlight different human resource management factors of entrepreneurial behaviour and their influence on corporate entrepreneurship. Results from different empirical contexts as small and medium‐size firms, case studies, joint ventures, in the USA, China, and Spain, among others, make important contributions to the previous literature.

Originality/value

The paper discusses the intersection and association between human resource management and corporate entrepreneurship. Human resources play an essential role in so far as they can encourage or hinder corporate entrepreneurship.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

Keywords

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