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Article
Publication date: 29 January 2021

Shajitha C. and Abdul Majeed K.C.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the institutional repositories (IRs) in South India in terms of policy and procedures, technology, content and contributors…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the institutional repositories (IRs) in South India in terms of policy and procedures, technology, content and contributors, promotion and assessment and personnel.

Design/methodology/approach

A voluntary survey was conducted to assess IRs in South India. The questionnaire was designed according to the study framework, which comprises 64 indicators across five areas: policy and procedures, technology, content and contributors, promotion and assessment and personnel. Furthermore, all of the 23 IRs identified were monitored over one year period (from February 2018 to January 2019) to analyse the content growth.

Findings

The Research Archive of Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad was found to provide more services to users than other South Indian IRs and it was the sole IR to embed a metadata field for author identification. Almost all the IRs were actively engaged in promotion and assessment activities. IR performance in the technology area was substandard in comparison with performance in the policy and procedures and promotion and assessment areas. For all South Indian IRs, content growth was low.

Originality/value

Very few in-depth studies have evaluated South Indian IRs across all five of the areas listed above and in recent years, no such comprehensive study has been conducted in India at all.

Details

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9342

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Article
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Chelsea Renshaw and Chern Li Liew

This paper aims to examine the attitudes and experiences of information professionals with descriptive standards and collection management systems (CMSs) used for managing…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the attitudes and experiences of information professionals with descriptive standards and collection management systems (CMSs) used for managing documentary heritage collections held by cultural heritage institutions in New Zealand (NZ). The aim is that such insights will inform decision-making around promoting documentary heritage collections discoverability and accessibility, in terms of advocating for appropriate system requirements when procuring or updating CMSs, and application of descriptive standards.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative design was applied to investigate the attitudes and experiences of information professionals working in libraries, archives and records management institutions, museums and public galleries. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with thirteen participants who worked across ten different cultural heritage institutions.

Findings

The findings reveal that variances among metadata in libraries, museums, public galleries, archives and records management institutions continue to lead to challenges around discovery and access of documentary heritage. If opportunities for connecting documentary heritage collections in the age of linked data are to be realized, the sector needs to work collectively to address these variances along with consideration of the CMSs used. The study findings highlight issues currently affecting the NZ cultural heritage sector goal to make collections discoverable and more widely accessible.

Originality/value

The findings highlight a need for deeper research into CMSs used by the cultural heritage sector as these systems have an impact on metadata management including constraining the application of appropriate descriptive standards for documentary heritage collections.

Details

Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9342

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

Chao‐chen Chen, Hsueh‐hua Chen, Kuang‐hua Chen and Jieh Hsiang

Metadata plays a crucial role in a digital library/museum environment. However, the development of metadata is not an easy task. Its formulation starts with analysing the…

Abstract

Metadata plays a crucial role in a digital library/museum environment. However, the development of metadata is not an easy task. Its formulation starts with analysing the attributes of collections as well as understanding the user information needs and information seeking behaviour. The issue of interoperability also needs to be considered in terms of both semantics and syntax. This paper discusses issues related to the development of metadata in Taiwan. It describes the development process of a Chinese metadata system, Metadata Interchange for Chinese Information (MICI), and an XML/metadata management system, Metalogy. Both were developed under the Digital Museum Initiative sponsored by the National Science Council of Taiwan.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

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Article
Publication date: 20 September 2011

Mangala Anil Hirwade

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the metadata standards available worldwide and to study those in detail. The paper presents the detailed analysis of these standards.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the metadata standards available worldwide and to study those in detail. The paper presents the detailed analysis of these standards.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology adopted was investigative. Data were collected through e‐mails and visiting the relevant web sites.

Findings

No one existing metadata standard covers all the required facets. In such cases, an implementer is require to create a new scheme with the desired metadata elements but such schemes create a number of issues in interoperating. Another solution to this problem is to create extra elements to fill gaps in the coverage. Interoperability problems can be overcome by publications of new elements declaring their definitions, formats and so on.

Originality/value

Few studies have compared some of the well‐known standards. This study gives a detailed analysis of the metadata standards available worldwide and it will help in comparing and adopting the required standard for the repositories.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 28 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Katherine Wisser

The purpose of this article is to focus on the approaches to metadata pursued by North Carolina's Exploring Cultural Heritage Online (NC ECHO), a statewide digitization…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to focus on the approaches to metadata pursued by North Carolina's Exploring Cultural Heritage Online (NC ECHO), a statewide digitization project. Metadata forms the cornerstone to the project and serves as a vehicle to meet the vision of all‐inclusive access to the state's unique cultural and historical resources.

Design/methodology/approach

The article begins with a description of the cultural heritage institution landscape in North Carolina and a discussion of that landscape within the framework of metadata challenges. Four distinct but interrelated approaches are then discussed in the context of the project's missions and goals: working groups, “metadata first”, training and outreach, and “Seek a Metadata Consultation”.

Findings

The described approach demonstrates a commitment to communication, facilitation, and empowerment that is fundamental to the overall mission of NC ECHO: to provide access to the state's cultural heritage materials through an online portal.

Originality/value

The article provides a discussion of the importance of marketing, approval, coordination, and participation in the context of these metadata solutions.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

Jennie Thornely

Among the newly developing metadata standards for the World Wide Web, Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (Dublin Core) is the pioneer in simple content description. There…

Abstract

Among the newly developing metadata standards for the World Wide Web, Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (Dublin Core) is the pioneer in simple content description. There are various methods to deploy Dublin Core metadata, such as embedding it within a resource, linking it to a resource, or storing it in a database. This paper presents case studies of the deployment of Dublin Core at two significantly different institutions in Queensland, Australia. It aims to share experiences and ideas with those who are interested in deploying Dublin Core metadata. The two institutions are: State Library of Queensland, which demonstrates simple embedded metadata with minimum IT support; and Education Queensland, which utilizes a more complex metadata implementation within an Oracle database. Education Queensland also supplies its metadata to Education Network of Australia (EdNA), which collects metadata from all major Australian educational agencies and acts as an educational gateway.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Jin Zhang and Iris Jastram

This paper aims to investigate the internet web page metadata usage behavior in terms of their metadata element co‐occurrences. Metadata are designed to facilitate both…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the internet web page metadata usage behavior in terms of their metadata element co‐occurrences. Metadata are designed to facilitate both web publishers/authors to organize their web pages and search engines to index the web pages accurately.

Design/methodology/approach

This study examines the types of metadata elements employed by different professional groups of web authors, the number of elements they prefer to use, and the types of element combinations they typically embed in their pages' HTML code.

Findings

The findings reveal that the “keyword” and “description” elements were the most popular single elements. The most popular combination of two elements was that of “keyword and description”. Very few authors included combinations of five elements. This study also shows that preferences for element combinations varied by domains.

Originality/value

This approach will enhance the current understanding of metadata usage behavior and may help search engine designers as they continue their quest for improved indexing and retrieval of web pages.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2004

Roy Tennant

The current library bibliographic infrastructure was constructed in the early days of computers – before the Web, XML, and a variety of other technological advances that…

Abstract

The current library bibliographic infrastructure was constructed in the early days of computers – before the Web, XML, and a variety of other technological advances that now offer new opportunities. General requirements of a modern metadata infrastructure for libraries are identified, including such qualities as versatility, extensibility, granularity, and openness. A new kind of metadata infrastructure is then proposed that exhibits at least some of those qualities. Some key challenges that must be overcome to implement a change of this magnitude are identified.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 22 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

Ya‐ning Chen, Shu‐jiun Chen, Hui‐ying Chiang and Chia‐hui Liu

Metadata are fundamental in establishing a digital library and museum while domain communities describe, interpret and manage different digital objects. Although many…

Abstract

Metadata are fundamental in establishing a digital library and museum while domain communities describe, interpret and manage different digital objects. Although many metadata formats and sets have been developed, it is difficult to choose an appropriate format and conversion is problematical, especially for the Chinese materials. This paper is a progress report from the Metadata Taskforce Group designing Chinese metadata for the digital library and museum project (DLMP) at Academia Sinica in Taiwan. The group’s top priority is to construct goals, principles and procedures while designing the metadata format for Chinese contents. Not only does the Metadata Taskforce Group present the analysis of content attributes of Formosan Plain indigenous people, but also several marked achievements and findings are suggested, such as the metadata record structure and criteria of selecting and evaluating the current metadata formats.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 24 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2007

Alan Burk, Muhammad Al‐Digeil, Dominic Forest and Jennifer Whitney

The purpose of this paper is to develop automated methods for creating metadata for documents in an institutional repository.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop automated methods for creating metadata for documents in an institutional repository.

Design/methodology/approach

Two methods are examined for automatically building metadata in an institutional repository context. Text mining techniques are employed to discover relationships among documents with similar content, from which are inferred possible values for missing or incomplete metadata elements. Machine learning techniques are used to identify and extract specific metadata element values from document content.

Findings

Text mining techniques can be used to cluster documents with similar content. This allows values for metadata elements, like keyword, to be projected from documents with established metadata to related documents. Machine learning techniques are found to be reasonably accurate for extracting from documents values for metadata elements, such as, title, author, and abstract. Results show sufficient promise to support the next phase of the project: the development of assistive tools for use by metadata specialists to create or edit document metadata.

Originality/value

This paper focuses on the use of automated metadata extraction techniques to assist metadata creation, lessening the time and effort required to add documents to institutional repositories.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

Keywords

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