Circuit World: Volume 37 Issue 3


Table of contents

Tin whisker analysis of Toyota's electronic throttle controls

Bhanu Sood, Michael Osterman, Michael Pecht

This paper aims to present the results of physical analysis that was conducted on Toyota's electronic engine control system including accelerator pedal position sensors (APPSs)…

Identification and prevention of “Black Pad” in Sn/Pb soldering

Kong Hui Lee

The use of an electroless nickel/immersion gold (ENIG) surface finish comes with the inherent potential risk of Black Pad failures that can cause fracture embrittlement at the…

Eight key HDI design principles

Happy Holden, Charles Pfeil

High‐density interconnect (HDI) continues to be the fastest growing segment of the printed circuit board (PCB) market. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the differences in…


Boundary scan based testing algorithm to detect interconnect faults in printed circuit boards

D.K. Sharma, R.K. Sharma, B.K. Kaushik, Pankaj Kumar

This paper aims to address the various issues of board‐level (off‐chip) interconnects testing. A new algorithm based on the boundary scan architecture is developed to test…

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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  • Associate Professor Pooya Davari