Recent Developments in Transport Modelling

Cover of Recent Developments in Transport Modelling

Lessons for the Freight Sector

Subject:

Synopsis

Table of contents

(17 chapters)

Prelims

Page i
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PART 1 PROF. MARVIN L. MANHEIM

Abstract

The field of transportation research, and the World Conferences on Transport Research Society (WCTRS), has an illustrious history. The challenge today is to look to the future in a deep and thoughtful way, to identify emerging issues and opportunities for practice and for research.

This chapter identifies several critical issues in transportation research. We then explore one issue in depth, the need to increase individual and collaborative effectiveness.

This issue points to the need for a new direction in transportation research. Historically, transportation research has focussed on two major thrusts. The analysis thrust has focussed on predicting the consequences of a given transportation plan, project, or service proposal. Associated “design” research has dealt with algorithmic and heuristic techniques for finding “good” plans or policies. The policy thrust has focussed on the organizational issues and processes around making decisions on and implementing transportation plans, projects, or services. This thrust includes public policy issues and approaches, market structures and regulatory processes, organization design issues, distributional consequences, environmental policy issues, and related areas.

Today, we see the need to add a third major thrust to the field of transportation — cognition and action:

  • to manage transportation services and enterprises better;

  • to use analysis more effectively to inform and influence decisions;

  • to use computer support more effectively in transportation organizations and enterprises.

to manage transportation services and enterprises better;

to use analysis more effectively to inform and influence decisions;

to use computer support more effectively in transportation organizations and enterprises.

Research in cognition and action examines how people think and act, and aims to develop aids to thinking and acting that result in significant improvements in peoples' behaviours and performance. Promising research directions draw on cognitive psychology and cognitive science, and especially empirical research on managerial cognition and problem-solving. We introduce the theory of cognitive informatics, describe some applications to transportation management, and discuss relevant software tools.

PART 2 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN TRANSPORT MODELLING

PART 3 FREIGHT MODELS AND POLICY

Author Index

Pages 243-246
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Subject Index

Pages 247-251
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Cover of Recent Developments in Transport Modelling
DOI
10.1108/9781786359537
Publication date
2008-10-01
Editors
ISBN
978-0-08-045119-0
eISBN
978-1-78-635953-7