To establish a basis for calculating the load-bearing capacity of steel members made of S460 in a fire, corresponding to EN 1993-1-2, the mechanical properties of the micro-alloyed grain refined steel S460 under high temperatures have been examined. Two different types of steel have been considered: a normalized rolled S460 N and a thermo-mechanically rolled S460 M, that differ in their chemical composition and the temperature control during the hot-rolling process. On the basis of transient warm-creep tests, constitutive laws have been derived for the temperature range 20-900°C. The testresults show an increased strength of S460 M at elevated temperatures in comparison to S460 N. This is a result of the strain hardening caused by the thermo-mechanical rolling and the reduction of the creep-velocity caused by niobium- and titanium-precipitations. The data derived from the tests show that the stress-strain curves given in EN 1993-1-2 for S460 overestimate both the strength and the stiffness of the examined S460 N.
Lange, J. and Wohlfeil, N. (2010), "Examination of the Mechanical Properties of Steel S460 for Fire", Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 3, pp. 189-204. https://doi.org/10.1260/2040-23220.127.116.11Download as .RIS
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