A fundamental discussion is lacking in the current document on U.S innovation policy from the National Research Council  of how invalid innovation styles and business cultures in different combinations discriminates innovation in science and industry. With credit to the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, we redefine innovation as similar to a research process and argue for improvements in the innovation literature to avoid poor results and failed innovation in the future; i.e. the innovation paradox. A critical review of the U.S. innovation policy document originates from our own university-based research and innovation in the occupational safety and health area, which is an area where both research and industry have failed thus far. Our article includes both proposals for a revised national mission based on Kant, as well as examples of how investment in research and innovation can translate and transform innovation ideas into commercial products in networks and eco-systems; and also how collaborative channels might be opened between independent inventors and universities. Our findings are important for both scientists and politicians, as well as for individuals - in industry and in society - who want to commercialize inventions.
Andersson, E., Jansson, B. and Lundblad, J. (2013), "Immanuel Kant Revisited - A Note on the U.S. Innovation Policy", International Journal of Innovation Science, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 137-142. https://doi.org/10.1260/1757-2188.8.131.52
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