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Quantum dots with indirect band gap: power-law photoluminescence decay

1 Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8, Czech Republic
2 Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, v.v.i., Heyrovského 2, 16206 Prague 6, Czech Republic

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Publication date: 4 December 2014

Abstract

In this work the experimental effect of a slow decay of the photoluminescence is studied theoretically in the case of quantum dots with an indirect energy band gap. The slow decay of the photoluminescence is considered as decay in time of the luminescence intensity, following the excitation of the quantum dot sample electronic system by a short optical pulse. In the presented theoretical treatment the process is studied as a single dot property. The inter-valley deformation potential interaction of the excited conduction band electrons with lattice vibrations is considered in the self-consistent Born approximation to the electronic self-energy. The theory is built on the non-equilibrium electronic quantum transport theory. The time dependence of the photoluminescence decay is estimated upon using a simple effective mass model. The numerical calculation of the considered model shows the power-law time characteristics of the photoluminescence decay in the long-time limit of the decay. We demonstrate that the nonadiabatic influence of the interaction of the conduction band electrons with the lattice vibrations provides a mechanism giving us the power-law time dependence of the photoluminescence intensity signal. This theoretical result emphasizes the role of the electron-phonon interaction in the nanostructures.

Keywords

Citation

Král, K. and Menšík, M. (2014), "Quantum dots with indirect band gap: power-law photoluminescence decay", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 5, pp. 507-512. https://doi.org/10.1260/1708-5284.11.5.507

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited