The term springback is defined as the change in geometry of a component after forming, when the forces are removed from forming tools. As springback affects the final shape of the part, it can lead to significant difficulties in the assembly of component when springback is not proper. This problem leads to fabrication of inconsistent sheet metal parts; the elastic strain recovery in the material after the tooling is removed. Bendingis the plastic deformation of metals about a linear axis called the bending axis with little or no change in the surface area. Bending types of forming operations have been used widely in sheet metal forming industries to produce structural stamping parts such as braces, brackets, supports, hinges, angles, frames, channel and other nonsymmetrical sheet metal parts. Among them, quite a few efforts have been made to obtain a deep understanding of the springback phenomenon. The beam theory has been applied to formulate the curvature before and after loading of pipe. This research work has focused on study effect of springback effect with a new approach. The ANSYS software is used to analyze spring back effect. The detail study of this springback effect is presented in this paper.
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