Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited
2012 Awards for Excellence
Article Type: 2012 Awards for Excellence From: Pigment & Resin Technology, Volume 42, Issue 1
The following article was selected for this year's Outstanding Paper Award for Pigment & Resin Technology
“Aqueous silane modified silica sols: theory and preparation”
Peter GreenwoodEka Chemicals AB, AkzoNobel, Gothenburg, Sweden
Borje GevertgDepartment of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study methods of reacting the surface of the particles of silica sols with silanes, primarily gamma-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and study some basic properties of the modified sols and the nature and structure of the silane groups attached to the particle surface.
Design/methodology/approach – The surface of the silica particles was modified by reacting the silica sols with aqueous solutions of silanes, chiefly GPTMS. The presence and structure of silane groups on the particle surface were established by Si-NMR and C-NMR, respectively.
Findings – Several silanes were studied but silica sols could be readily modified only with GPTMS and glycidoxypropylmethoxydiethoxysilane (GPMDES), most readily if the silanes were pre-hydrolysed in water. Higher degrees of silylation were preferably done by continuous addition of silane. Lower degrees of modification can be achieved at room temperature by the stepwise addition of the silane solution. The silylation of the silica surface with GPTMS significantly reduces the number of charged surface groups and silanol groups. GPTMS binds covalently to the silica surface and the epoxy ring opens and transforms into a diol. Silica sols modified with GPTMS and GPMDES are stable toward aggregation.
Research limitations/implications – Only organo-reactive silanes were studied.
Originality/value – This is the first work to study the modification by silanes of silica aquasols with high concentrations of silica. The silane modification can extend the use of silica to areas of applications previously inaccessible to silica sols.
Keywords Aqueous, Colloidal silica, Colloids, Dispersions, Epoxy silane, Pigments, Silica sol, Silicates, Surface modification
This article originally appeared in Volume 40 Number 5, 2011, pp. 275-84 Pigment & Resin Technology
The following articles were selected for this year's Highly Commended Award
“Synthesis and evaluation of new antioxidants for styrene butadiene rubber”
Galal Nawwar, Sayed Yakout, M.S.A El-Sadiek and Salwa El-Sabbagh
This article originally appeared in Volume 40 Number 6, 2011, Pigment & Resin Technology
“Innovative titanium dioxide-kaolin mixed pigments performance in anticorrosive paints”
Nivin M. Ahmed and Mohamed M. Selim
This article originally appeared in Volume 40 Number 1, 2011, Pigment & Resin Technology
“Electrochemical properties of carbon aerogels derived from resorcinol-formaldehyde-aniline for supercapacitors”
Zheng Jin, Yuxi Liu, Xuduo Bai, Xiaomin Ren, Chuanli Qin and Yunhua Wang
This article originally appeared in Volume 40 Number 3, 2011, Pigment & Resin Technology
Dr Zhenhua GaoNortheast Forestry University, People's Republic of China
Dr Haijun NiuHeilongjiang University, People's Republic of China