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Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Article Type: Patent abstracts From: Industrial Robot: An International Journal, Volume 35, Issue 4
Title: Pheumatic polyposture exoskeleton robot for rehabilition training of lower limbsApplicant: Univ. Zhejiang (CN)Patent number: CN101019800Publication date: 22 August 2007
The present invention relates to medical rehabilitation equipment, and s especially one kind of pneumatic polyposture exoskeleton robot for rehabilitation training of lower limbs. The pneumatic polyposture exoskeleton robot includes one pedestal, one guard rail, one suspension system, one exoskeleton training device and one computerized control system. By means of the analysis on Brunnstrom training method and the combination of physiotherapeutic treatment and operation treatment, the present invention develops robots for rehabilitation training of lower limbs in different excitation degrees and different training modes. The present invention can complete rehabilitation training of lower limbs while the patient in different postures, including sitting, standing and lying.
Title: Double joint nursing robotApplicant: Liu Feng (CN)Patent number: CN101007406Publication date: 1 August 2007
The invention belongs to medical treatment nursing equipment, designed for patients who are paraplegic, hemiplegic and/or lost the ability to walk but whose minds function clearly. The fore of the bottom of the double joint care robot is equipped with two walking wheels driven by motor, the rear is installed two group three-jaw wheel carrier which is used for increasing the support area of the bottom bracket and enabling the equipment to be used in narrow room. The signal upright column installed on the bottom bracket centre consists of two bendable anthropomorphic joints. The lower joint is knee joint of human leg and the upper joint is buttock joint. The upper of the signal upright column is installed with chest holder and mechanical arm. The double joints bend mechanical arm locks patients waist under the automatic control of electric programmed checking, then the human upper body dips forward and main human weight presses on the chest holder. Patients can stand on the bottom bracket upright with the extension of double joints, patients can walk by operating the equipment itself or the electric programmed checking.
Title: Capsule type endoscope control systemApplicant: Korea Inst. Science Technology (KR)Patent number: CN101001563Publication date: 18 July 2007
Disclosed is a capsule type endoscope control system which can move to any position, rotate or stop the capsule type endoscope in a human body by a remote control system outside the human body. There is provided a capsule type endoscope control system comprising: a medical capsule equipped with at least one permanent magnet, comprising a wireless transmission circuit for transmitting a series of signals to outside of the body; 2-degrees of freedom (DOF) rotary joint unit for rotating an external permanent magnet in at least two directions, the external permanent magnet applying magnetic forces to the permanent magnets provided in the capsule; a distance sensor for measuring a distance between the external permanent magnet and a surface of the human body; a cartesian coordinate robot for moving the external permanent magnet; a bed for supporting the human body, the bed being able to roll within a certain degree; and a remote control unit outside the human body for controlling operations of the 2-DOF rotary joint unit, the bed and the cartesian coordinate robot.
Title: Radiographic medical imaging system using robot mounted source and sensor for dynamic image capture and tomographyApplicant: Univ. Florida (US)Patent number: US2008037701Publication date: 14 February 2008
A radiographic imaging system includes a penetrating radiation source including a first translating device, the first translating device comprising a first controller for positioning the radiation source. A radiation detector includes second translating device comprising a second controller for positioning the detector. A motion capture device is communicably connected to both the first and second controllers. The motion capture device tracks a position of the object being imaged and provides position information to both the first and second controllers for dynamically coordinating trajectories for both the radiation source and the radiation detector. The first and second translating devices preferably comprise robotic arms.
Title: Medical tele-robotic systemApplicant: InTouch Technologies Inc.Patent number: US2008029536Publication date: 7 February 2008
A robotic system that includes a remote controlled robot. The robot may include a camera, a monitor and a holonomic platform all attached to a robot housing. The robot may be controlled by a remote control station that also has a camera and a monitor. The remote control station may be linked to a base station that is wirelessly coupled to the robot. The cameras and monitors allow a care giver at the remote location to monitor and care for a patient through the robot. The holonomic platform allows the robot to move about a home or facility to locate and/or follow a patient.
Title: Robot for ultrasonic examinationApplicant: Mobile Robotics Sweden ABPatent number: US2007205785Publication date: 6 September 2007
A robot for medical ultrasonic examination has an articulated robot arm with a plurality of arm units, mounted one on the other to be pivotable, and a computerized system for controlling the movements of the arm, the outermost arm unit being arranged to carry a probe. The outermost arm unit has a carrying member rotatable about a longitudinal axis, and carries a probe holder pivotable about a transverse axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The probe holder has a housing rotatable about the transverse axis, and a holder sleeve rotatable about a longitudinal axis. The three axes intersect at a single point. The probe holder has an opening through which the probe can be inserted from the back and locked in position in the probe holder.
Title: Robotic surgical system for performing minimally invasive medical proceduresApplicant: Euratom (BE); Ruiz Morales Emilio (IT)Patent number: WO2007088208Publication date: 9 August 2007
A robotic surgical system for performing minimally invasive medical procedures comprises a robot manipulator for a laparoscopic instrument. The manipulator lias a manipulator arm, a manipulator wrist supported by the arm and an effector unit supported by the wrist. The manipulator arm provides 3 DOF for positioning the wrist. The wrist provides 2 DOF. The effector unit comprises a laparoscopic instrument actuator (LIA) and provides 1 DOF by means of a revolute sixth joint for setting the roll angle of the LIA. The LIA comprises a seat for mounting an instrument stem adaptor to the effector unit, and an actuation mechanism cooperating with the instrument stem adaptor for actuating a laparoscopic instrument connected to the adaptor. The effector unit comprises a 6-DOF force/torque sensor and a 6-DOF accelerometer.
Title: Medical robotic system with programmably controlled constraints on error dynamicsApplicant: Prisco Giuseppe (US); Rosa David J. (US); Larkin David Q. (US)Patent number: US2007151389Publication date: 5 July 2007
A medical robotic system has a robot arm holding an instrument for performing a medical procedure, and a control system for controlling movement of the arm and its instrument according to user manipulation of a master manipulator. The control system includes at least one joint controller that includes a controller having programmable parameters for setting a steady-state velocity error and a maximum acceleration error for the joint’s movement relative to a set point in response to an externally applied and released force.
Title: Celebral operating robot system based on optical tracking and closed-loop control and its realizing methodApplicant: Huazhi Comp. Applic. Technology (CN)Patent number: CN1985773Publication date: 27 June 2007
The cerebral operating robot system based on optical tracking and closed-loop control for receiving medical image information, detecting and determining disease focus position, assisting operation plan and performing operation guidance is one closed-loop pose measuring and real-time feedback controlling robot system comprising one computer, one five-freedom robot, one optical tracking device and one passive marker. The passive marker is mounted in the end of the five-freedom robot, and the five-freedom robot includes one mechanical arm and one mechanical arm controller. The operation plan assisting and operation guiding software includes a digital image inputting and pre-treating module, a disease focus extracting and 3D reconstructing module, an operation planning module, and an operation executing module. The present invention has the advantages of raised precision, low cost, simplified calibration process, etc.
Title: Anthropomorphic medical robot arm with movement restrictionsApplicant: BrainLAB AG (DE)Patent number: US2007129846Publication date: 7 June 2007
An anthropomorphic medical robot arm includes a base end, a first arm element, a base joint coupling the base end to the first arm element, a second arm element, a middle joint coupling the second arm element to the first arm element, a distal functional end, a distal joint coupling the distal functional end to the second arm element, and at least one selectively operable movement inhibitor operable on the base joint, middle joint and/or distal joint so as to restrict the functionally possible range of movement of the robot arm to the range of movement of a human arm.
Title: Medical bed, and diagnosis/treatment systemApplicant: Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture & TEPatent number: JP2007111386Publication date: 10 May 2007
Problem to be solved: to provide a medical bed which is suitable for diagnosis and treatment with a robot and capable of eliminating or relieving the visual uneasiness of a patient caused by the operation of a robe, etc. by the robot.
Solution: a hole for the diagnosis or treatment, which communicates with a part under a bed, is formed at a part of an area where the trunk part of the patient is positioned when he/she lied on his/her side on the bed surface. The robot for diagnosis is stored in the part under the bed and operates an ultrasonic probe for the diagnosis of the organ of the patient with ultrasonic wave.