Searching for birth relatives: A selective bibliography

Debra G. Smith (Director of National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, Rockville, Maryland.)

Reference Services Review

ISSN: 0090-7324

Publication date: 1 April 1992


Confidentiality in adoption has been the norm in this country since the 1930s. Traditionally, it has been perceived as beneficial to all sides of the adoption triangle: the adoptive parents, the adoptee, and the birth parents. Adoption agencies have supported the policy of confidentiality, and as a result the practice of concealment is almost universal in the United States. Alaska, Hawaii, and Kansas are the only states that allow adult adoptees access to their birth and adoption information.


Smith, D.G. (1992), "Searching for birth relatives: A selective bibliography", Reference Services Review, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 7-28.

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Copyright © 1992, MCB UP Limited

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