Fundamentally, a commodity exchange, such as the New York Mercantile Exchange, serves a dual purpose. The first is hedging price risk, in which the exchange offers a fair and orderly market for shifting risk via the trading of future obligations. The second major function is price discovery, in which the exchange provides a centralized, open, and liquid forum for buyers and sellers to conduct business, by which the prices of all transactions conducted on the exchange are publicly disseminated. This article surveys the role of exchange traded futures and options contracts within the worldwide energy markets and the concepts, applications, and strategies that have evolved to a level of sophistication and versatility that could not have been foreseen 150 years ago.
RAPPAPORT, D. (2000), "Price Discovery and Energy Risk, or How Futures Contracts Are Changing the Energy Markets Forever: The Case of the New York Mercantile Exchange", Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb043453
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