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Oleochemical monographs (41): Oleochemical in the processing of rubber and other elastomers: Part 2

Pigment & Resin Technology

ISSN: 0369-9420

Article publication date: 1 June 1991

Abstract

Polyoxyethylated hydroxy benzyl oleamide has found use in lubricants to prevent adhesion in moulds during the production of vulcanizates of natural and of synthetic rubbers. Polyoxyethylated oleamide acts as a mould lubricant for synthetic rubbers, whilst polyglycol 400 dilaurate can be used to reduce the time and temperature necessary for the recovery of old vulcanizates using paraffin oil and bitumen. Anti‐fogging properties can be sustained in rubber hydrochloride films by the use of polyglycol 1500 dilaurate, and improved percentage elongation can be promoted in intimate blends of polystyrene and SBR rubbers by the inclusion of polyglycol 4000 monostearate. Polyoxyethylated sorbitan monostearate acts as an emulsifer in the emulsion polymerisation of styrene, butadiene and styrene/ butadiene copolymer rubbers, and it can perform as an anti‐static for the latter. Polyoxyethylated stearylamine can be incorporated into lubricants designed to prevent adhesion in moulds during production of vulcanizates of synthetic and of natural rubber, and rubber latexes and other aqueous dispersions of rubber can be rendered more stable by the employment of polyoxyethylated stearyl alcohol, and thus allow storage in untreated containers for long periods of time. Polyoxypropylated sorbitan monopalmitate will serve as a parting agent, releasing aid, for unvulcanized rubber and vulcanized rubber, without interfering with further bonding and coating of rubber.

Citation

Lower, E.S. (1991), "Oleochemical monographs (41): Oleochemical in the processing of rubber and other elastomers: Part 2", Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 20 No. 6, pp. 4-8. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb042841

Publisher

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MCB UP Ltd

Copyright © 1991, MCB UP Limited