Gelation that can occur when copper or aluminium bronze powder is permitted to stand in nitrocellulose lacquer can be prevented by the addition of below one percent of lauric acid. Butyl acetyl ricinoleate will impart highgloss, plasticity, pliability to nitro‐cellulose lacquers and impart permanence, and improves the ageing properties and low temperature flexibility to the product. Acrylic coatings of improved gloss and pattern control have been provided by the addition of methyl hydroxystearate. When barium α‐sulphostearate is added to interior or exterior paints it can produce films of improved hardness. Methyl linoleate can be employed to retard the hardening of Japanese film lacquer. Compositions with good heat stability and good thixotropic properties and which are suitable for use as a base for paints have been evolved by reacting hydrogenated castor oil with toluene di‐isocyanate and emulsifiable and polyethylene wax. The use of aluminium stearate in paints at elevated temperatures can result in films of high opacity, good build, sag resistance, heavy pigmented tolerance and good sealing properties. Myristic acid‐based alkyd aryl ketones have been utilised to impart lustre to wooden surfaces, and stearic acid terminated polyamide/polyimide for coatings for electrical insulators of magnetic wire have been applied to give improved lustre. Diethylene glycol esters of dilinoleic acid can be used to produce non‐drip paints, as can ethylene diamine bis hydroxystearate, and glyceryl trihydroxystearate. Hydrogenated castor oil is useable in the making of thixotropic agents applicable to paints have been prepared from the material, plus oligomers of hydroxystearic acid/ethylenediamine/sebacic acid polymers. Ethyl linoleate and ethyl linoleate have been used as penetrants in anti‐corrosive paints based upon alkyd resins. Aluminium stearate can prevent excess penetration by paints of surfaces. Bis (hydroxymethyl) propanediol oleate has found use in alkyd resins derivative coatings with butylated melamine resins‐hardening materials to give pinhole resistant coatings. Butyl stearate is a good low temperature plasticiser for paints. Butyl acetyl ricinoleate imparts good plate release and cold crack resistance to leather lacquers, and provides good handle and excellent low temperature flexibility to coated fabrics on thick unsupported sheetings.
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