IN the first of these articles it was pointed out that normal supersonic flow can be described theoretically, to a first approximation, by the linearized equation of motion. This has the form of the wave equation and governs first order disturbances to fields of uniform flow; for example, flow past thin wings or slender bodies at small angles of incidence, and flow through ducts of varying cross‐section. In the same way small disturbances in a purely subsonic stream can be described by a linearized equation of motion, which can be reduced to Laplace's equation by contracting the co‐ordinate normal to the direction of flow. Transonic flow, in which regions of both supersonic and subsonic flow occur, is not so easily represented.
Holt, M. (1955), "Progress in Research on High Speed Flow: A Survey of Advances and Problems in the Study of High Speed Flow Part II.—Transonic Flow", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 27 No. 12, pp. 392-395. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb032632
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