THE change from the parallel wings of the now obsolescent biplane to the tapered wings of the monoplane, usually fitted with flaps, raised a great number of problems, both aerodynamic and structural. Work on these has been pursued vigorously during the past few years, but the designer is still some considerable distance from having all his questions answered. For instance, further information is required as to the relation between wing thickness and profile drag before it can be decided what is the maximum thickness which can be used, taking both aero‐dynamical and structural considerations into account. This question is complicated by the fact that, so far as the tip sections are concerned,. the indications are that the thickness ratio has important effects on the nature of the stall, violent or gentle. So, too, will such factors as centre line camber and position of maximum ordinate affect the nature of the stall in greater or Jess degree. Added to these factors there is, of course, the important one of the taper itself, including—as is now realised—the question as to the way in which the tapering is done, that is, whether by sweeping the trailing edge forward or the leading edge back, or, as is more usual, a combination of the two.
Irving, H.B. (1937), "Some Notes on Tapered Wings: The Effects of Brake Flaps, Taper and “Sweep” on Stalling", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 31-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb030148
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