THE type of aircraft which is now called the “Ente” is characterised by the fact that, in contrast to the normal aeroplane with a tail, it has an elevator in front of the main supporting surfaces. The attempt to build such aeroplanes is not new, but dates back to the early days of flying. One of the first flights in Europe by Santos Dumont was made with a biplane of the “Ente” type; other examples being the aero‐planes of 1910 and 1911 of Professor Reissner of Germany, and of Voisin. It was the latter who gave the “Ente” its name (Canard). These attempts have, however, sunk into oblivion for reasons quite unconnected with the principle.
Schulz, W.R. (1931), "A German “Canard” Aeroplane: Some Notes on the Characteristics of the Focke‐Wulf “Ente” with Constructional Details", Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 39-40. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb029367Download as .RIS
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