The purpose of this paper is to (a) distinguish the structural designs, and (b) examine the relationship between structure and effectiveness in American sport organizations. Formalization, centralization, and specialization were examined to determine the structural designs. Senior level administrators from National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I (N = 86) departments completed an electronic questionnaire. Cluster analysis was used to group departments according to the three dimensions of structure. Results demonstrated the presence of two structural designs—the Simple Structure and the Enabling Structure. MANCOVA procedures showed differences between departments in athletic achievement, but not in the education of student athletes. Discussion of the findings and future directions are presented.
Cunningham, G. and Rivera, C. (2001), "STRUCTURAL DESIGNS WITHIN AMERICAN INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC DEPARTMENTS", The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 369-390. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb028941Download as .RIS
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