Annual financial reports, which all public corporations are legally required to publish, are the convential means of communication between managers of a firm (who act as agents) and the stockholders (owners) of the firm (who are the principals). These financial reports are also of great interest to other stakeholders in the firm, namely the employees of the firm, its suppliers, customers, bondholders, the investment community, and society at large. Through annual financial reports, management can disseminate information that reduces uncertainty about the firm in the minds of the stockholders: It reassures the employees and bondholders of the firm and suppliers to the firm that their economic stake in the company is secure. It allows the investment community to make forecasts about the future returns to investors from the firm's securities.
Eugene Baker, H. and Kare, D.D. (1992), "Relationship Between Annual Report Readability and Corporate Financial Performance", Management Research News, Vol. 15 No. 1, pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb028188
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