The British public sector comprises the civil and military services, the educational, health, safety and security services, and a small number of trading enterprises (the ‘nationalised industries’) which remain in public ownership. The national Exchequer is either wholly or partly involved in the funding and control of the various services, the other partner where control is shared being the local government authorities or the health authorities. The nature and extent of both funding and control are in course of change as attempts are made to devolve responsibility for service management to local bodies and to introduce a closer financial control of their activities from the centre.
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