Three theoretical constructs that appear in many models of consumer behaviour and are of central importance to fashion marketing and management are enduring product involvement, opinion seeking and subjective product knowledge. Both basic and applied market research, however, have lacked valid, reliable and standardised measures of these variables. Recent published studies have presented multi‐item scales that fill this gap in fashion research methodology. All three scales, however, were developed using US data, chiefly students. This paper presents the results of three surveys of Korean adult (n = 479) and student (n = 387) consumers as well as US adult consumers (n = 318) that support the reliability and validity of all three scales and show their applicability for cross‐cultural fashion research.
Reinecke Flynn, L., Goldsmith, R.E. and Kim, W. (2000), "A cross‐cultural validation of three new marketing scales for fashion research: Involvement, opinion seeking and knowledge", Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 110-120. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb022583
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