Over the last decade there has been increased worldwide interest in “adjustment assistance” programmes that facilitate the rehabilitation of workers disadvantaged as a result of increased import competition. In particular, interest has been generated as a corollary of the multilateral movement towards freer international trade and the desire on the part of developed countries to offer preferential trading treatment to products from developing countries. Such international organisations as UNCTAD, GATT, ILO, and OECD have studied the adjustment problem and have recommended the adoption of national trade‐adjustment programmes[l].
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