A functionalist framework is used to synthesize well‐known ideas about societal integration and, conversely, disintegration. If the underlying Darwinian metaphor in functional analysis is retained, and supplemented by dialectical metaphors, then functional theorizing can insightfully address the forces of societal disintegration. The emerging theory revolves around, on the structural side, the dynamics of segmentation, differentiation, interdependence and exchange, structural overlap, structural embeddedness, mobility, segregation, and domination whereas on the cultural side, the theory emphasizes the dynamics inhering in systems of evaluational, regulatory, and legitimating symbols as well as generalized symbolic media.
Turner, J.H. (1996), "A MACRO‐LEVEL FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF SOCIETAL DISINTEGRATION", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 5-36. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb013248Download as .RIS
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