The unloved Act of Union between the British and Irish Parliaments in 1800 which constituted the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland had within it the seeds of its own unhappiness, if not its destruction. There was an element of schizophrenia about it, for while Ireland was integrated with Britain, specific Irish functions were retained, such as the Viceregal Court, local patronage, and the local government of the Protestant Ascendancy. Indeed the deal was done with one section of the community only; it did not solve the question whether Ireland was an annexed colony of a full part of Britain.
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