I HAVE been asked by the Editor to give my reminiscences of the modern library movement in India. H. H. The Maharaja Gaekwar of Baroda, the pioneer of that movement, was responsible for arousing my interest in the subject. In an interview which I had with him in London in 1910, learning that I was keenly interested in education, and had for twenty‐five years been in the service of eminent English publishing houses, he informed me that free and compulsory education had been in existence in Baroda for some years, and that he had recently engaged an American library expert to inaugurate in his dominions a system of public libraries. Three years later the Maharaja asked me to join his Library Department, and I arrived in Baroda in December, 1913. Mr. W. A. Borden, the American librarian, had returned home, and Mr. J. S. Kudalkar, his designated successor, had been sent to study library conditions and services abroad.
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