There is clear recognition of the relationship between social support and mental health (e.g., Kessler, & McLeod, 1985; Turner, 1981; Winefield, 1979), general health outcomes (e.g., Berkman, 1986; Cohen 1988; DiMatteo & Hays, 1981), work stress (Ganster, Fusilier, & Mayes, 1986), burnout (Etzion, 1984), work adjustment, and work performance (e.g., Fisher, 1985; Ford 1985; House, 1981). Despite the clear correlation between support and more positive outcomes in all these domains, the causal mechanisms and nature of the relationships remain a matter of debate and for research to answer.
Ellen Mitchell, M. and Ayman, R. (1991), "Social Support: The Effects of Gender and Employment for Attorneys and a Community Sample", Equal Opportunities International, Vol. 10 No. 3/4, pp. 46-52. https://doi.org/10.1108/eb010550
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