In Africa, there is a great desire to achieve social and economic development through a full and proper education and utilization of the abundant human resources available. However, great inequalities in access to education exist for different social classes and for different parts of each African Country. Attempts to equalize opportunities include the introduction of free universal primary education, and the building of boarding primary schools for nomadic tribes; the reduction of secondary school fees; and the establishment or expansion of Federal and regional scholarships, bursaries and loan schemes. There are also admission quota schemes in favour of women and disadvantaged regions. Racial, private and church‐owned schools have been abolished or taken over by the government. Plans have been made for the establishment of large numbers and varieites of educational institutions especially in the rural areas and underdeveloped regions of each country.
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